Haflong Hindi

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Haflong Hindi (Hindi: हफ़लौंग हिन्दी) is the lingua franca of Dima Hasao district of Assam state of India.[1] It is a pidgin that stemmed from Hindi and included vocabulary from several other languages, such as Bengali, Assamese, Dimasa and the Zeme Naga dialect. It is named after Haflong, which is the headquarters of Dima Hasao district.

Example Phrases[edit]

The dialect is largely intelligible to Hindi speakers, and features simplified grammar with loanword infusions.[2]

Phrase English glosses Meaning
tumko mairong leke aayaa I (implied) you (tumko) rice (mairong) tak-ing (le-ke) came (aayaa) 'I brought you rice.'
tumraa kuttaa hamko kamraayaa Your (tumraa) dog (kuttaa) me (hamko) bit (kamraayaa) 'Your dog bit me.'
tum kahaan jaaegaa Where (kahaan) you (tum) go-Fut (jaa-egaa) 'Where will you go?'

In contrast to printed forms of Hindi, the Haflong variety lacks person and number agreement in the verb and ergative marking of the subject when transitive clauses are in a preterite or perfect tense.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Col Ved Prakash, "Encyclopaedia of North-east India, Vol# 2", Atlantic Publishers & Distributors;Pg 575, ISBN 978-81-269-0704-5
  2. ^ "In this Assam district, Hindi unites 11 tribes". Indian Express, September 10, 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-17.