Hagbard Emanuel Berner
Hagbard Emanuel Berner (12 September 1839 – 24 January 1920) was a Norwegian jurist, politician and newspaper editor. He initiated a series of long-lived enterprises, including the publishing house Det Norske Samlaget, the newspaper Dagbladet and the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights.
Berner was born in Sunndal in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. He was the son of parish priest Ole Christian Berner and Laura Nicoline Collin. The family moved to Akershus in 1850. He married Selma Augusta Hovind in 1871. He was the brother-in-law of both industrialist Hans Mustad and Hans Gerhard Stub (1849–1931), Bishop of the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America. 
Berner graduated as a student in 1858, and as a jurist in 1863. In Christiania he befriended intellectuals such as Ernst Sars and Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, and became politically active and a supporter of the Nynorsk language. He co-founded the publishing house Det Norske Samlaget in 1868, and was its chairman until 1877.
In 1868 he co-founded the newspaper Dagbladet, together with Danish-born author and literary figure, Anthon Bang (1809–1870). He was editor of Dagbladet from 1869 to 1879. The newspaper had close connections to the political movement that later came to be the Liberal Party of Norway.
His demand for a clean Norwegian flag, instead of the current flag with a Union badge (Sildesalaten), led to political turbulence in 1879. The parliamentary majority voted for the removal of the Union badge three times, but was defeated by royal veto twice. Finally, in 1898, the third royal veto was overruled and the Union badge was removed from the national and the state flag.
He was elected member of the Parliament of Norway in 1879, representing Akershus, and re-elected in 1882 and 1885. Berner co-founded the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights in 1884, together with Gina Krog, and was the organization's first chairman. He was Auditor General of Norway from 1883 to 1898, and burgomaster of Kristiania from 1898 to 1912.
- Mjeldheim, Leiv. "Hagbard Emanuel Berner". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- Hans G. Stub (Store norske leksikon)
- Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hagbard Emanuel Berner". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- Anthon Bang (Store norske leksikon)
|Chief editor of Dagbladet
Nicolai A. Grevstad
Peder Krabbe Gaarder
|Auditor General of Norway
Svend Borchmann Hersleb Vogt