Hagfa Pinyim

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Hagfa Pinyim or HagFa PinYim (客家話拼音, literally "Hakka Pinyin") is a system of Chinese romanization used to transcribe Chinese characters as used in Hakka Chinese into Latin script in Hakka-speaking regions of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Hong Kong. Hagfa Pinyim was developed by Lau Chun-fat (劉鎮發) for use in his Hakka Pinyin Dictionary (客語拼音字彙, literally "Hakka Pinyin Vocabulary") that was published in 1997. The romanization system is named after the Pinyin system used for Mandarin Chinese and is designed to resemble Pinyin.

Writing system[edit]

Hagfa Pinyim uses the Latin alphabet and numbers to indicate tones.[1] A single hyphen is added to indicate a compound. Vowels indicated are regular forms but sometimes irregular forms occur.

Consonants[edit]

Hagfa Pinyim Extended bopomofo IPA Examples
b p bag5 伯
p pak8 白
d t du3 肚
t tai4 大
g k ga1 家
k kiung4 共
z ts zo4 做
c tsʰ ca1 車
s s se4 細
j ji1 知
q tɕʰ qi2 徐
x ɕ xi4 四
l l li1 鯉
m m mi3 美
n n nai2 泥
ng ŋ ngiu2 牛
f f fi1 飛
v v/ʋ vun2 文
h h heu4 後

Semivowel[edit]

Hagfa Pinyim Extended bopomofo IPA Examples
y j yi1 羽

Vowels[edit]

Hagfa Pinyim Extended bopomofo IPA
a a
i i
u u
e ɛ
o ɔ
i ɨ
-b p
-d t
-g k

Tones[edit]

Tone number Chinese tone name Pitch (Sixian) Pitch (Hailu) Examples
1 yinping (dark even) 24 42 fon1 歡
2 yangping (light even) 11 44 teu2 頭
3 yinshang (dark rising) 41 14 hi3 喜
3 yangshang (light rising)
(merged with yinshang)
41 14 hi3 喜
4 yinqu (dark departing) 44 33 mian4 面
4 yangqu (light departing) -- 11
5 yinru (dark entering) 2 4 zug5 粥
6 yangru (light entering) 4 2 sid6 食
  • All words are written in their original tones instead of tones with tone sandhi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hakka Phoneticisation". Dylan W.H. Sung. Retrieved 27 Jan 2013. 
  • Lau, Chun-fat (1997). Hakka Pinyin Dictionary (Chinese). Hong Kong, 1997: The Chinese University Press. ISBN 962-201-750-9.