Hague Conference on Private International Law

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Hague Conference on Private International Law
Hague Conference on Private International Law.png
Member states of the organization
Type IGO
Headquarters The Hague
Membership 73 countries and the European Union
Official language
English and French
Secretary-General
Christophe Bernasconi
Budget € 3,732,288 (Primary)
€ 656,981 (Supplementary)[1]
Staff 27[1]
Website official website

The Hague Conference on Private International Law (or HCCH, for Hague Conference/Conférence de La Haye) is the preeminent organisation in the area of private international law. The HCCH was formed in 1893 to "work for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law". It has pursued this goal by creating and assisting in the implementation of multilateral conventions promoting the harmonisation of conflict of laws principles in diverse subject matters within private international law. The Conference has developed about thirty international conventions of which a score are currently in force and mostly focuses on the rules of conflict of laws, e.g. on the law applicable to maintenance obligations, accidents in road traffic, the liability products, matrimonial or inheritance. (See List of Hague Conventions on Private International Law.) HCCH Conventions and instruments are usually open for adoption or ratification by non-members of HCCH.

As at December 2013, 73 countries were members of the Hague Conference. Besides all 28 member states of the European Union being members of the Conference, the European Union is itself also a member, making a total of 74 members. In 2005 rules of the Conference were amended to permit Regional Economic Integration Organisations to become members, leading to European Union membership in 2007.

Recent developments[edit]

The 20th Diplomatic Session of the Conference, held from 14 to 28 June 2005, saw two major developments:

  • The statute of the Conference was amended (for the first time in over 50 years) to expand the possibility of membership to Regional Economic Integration Organisations such as the European Union;
  • The Conference concluded and opened for ratification the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements, a project which had been in negotiation for nearly 15 years. States applying this instrument agree to recognize and enforce decisions reached by courts of another signatory state if the dispute was governed by a valid choice of court agreement concluded between the parties to the dispute.

Members[edit]

State Member since
 Albania June 4, 2002
 Argentina April 28, 1972
 Australia November 1, 1973
 Austria July 15, 1955
 Belarus July 12, 2001
 Belgium July 15, 1955
 Bosnia and Herzegovina June 7, 2001
 Brazil February 23, 2001
 Bulgaria April 22, 1999
 Canada October 7, 1968
 Chile April 25, 1986
 China July 3, 1987
 Costa Rica January 27, 2011
 Croatia June 12, 1995
 Cyprus October 8, 1984
 Czech Republic January 28, 1993
 Denmark July 15, 1955
 Ecuador November 2, 2007
 Egypt April 24, 1961
 Estonia May 13, 1998
 European Union April 3, 2007
 Finland December 2, 1955
 France April 20, 1964
 Georgia May 28, 2001
 Germany December 14, 1955
 Greece August 26, 1955
 Hungary January 6, 1987
 Iceland November 14, 2003
 India March 13, 2008
 Ireland August 26, 1955
 Israel September 24, 1964
 Italy June 26, 1957
 Japan June 27, 1957
 Jordan June 13, 2001
 Latvia August 11, 1992
 Lithuania October 23, 2001
 Luxembourg March 12, 1956
 Malaysia October 2, 2002
 Malta January 30, 1995
 Mauritius January 19, 2011
 Mexico March 18, 1986
 Monaco August 8, 1996
 Montenegro March 1, 2007
 Morocco September 6, 1993
 Netherlands July 15, 1955
 New Zealand February 5, 2002
 Norway July 15, 1955
 Panama May 29, 2002
 Paraguay June 28, 2005
 Peru January 29, 2001
 Philippines July 14, 2010
 Poland May 29, 1984
 Portugal July 15, 1955
 Republic of Korea August 20, 1997
 Republic of Macedonia September 20, 1993
 Romania April 10, 1991
 Russia December 6, 2001
 Serbia April 26, 2001
 Slovakia April 26, 1993
 Slovenia June 18, 1992
 South Africa February 14, 2002
 Spain July 15, 1955
 Sri Lanka September 27, 2001
 Suriname October 7, 1977
 Sweden July 15, 1955
  Switzerland May 6, 1957
 Turkey August 26, 1955
 Ukraine December 3, 2003
 United Kingdom July 15, 1955
 United States October 15, 1964
 Uruguay July 27, 1983
 Venezuela July 25, 1979
 Vietnam April 10, 2013
 Zambia May 17, 2013

Former member states are Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

Permanent Bureau[edit]

Located in a mansion on the Scheveningseweg near the Peace Palace in The Hague, the Permanent Bureau is the Conference's secretariat. Its Secretary General is Christophe Bernasconi since July 2013.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Annual Report 2012". HCCH. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 

External links[edit]