Hague Conference on Private International Law

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The Hague Conference on Private International Law
Hague Conference on Private International Law.png
Member states of the organisation (2012)
Type IGO
Membership 77 countries and European Union
secretary general Christophe Bernasconi
Budget € 3,767,360.00 (Primary)
€ 450,000 (Supplementary)(est.)
Website official website

The Hague Conference on Private International Law (or HCCH, for Hague Conference/Conférence de La Haye) is the preeminent organisation in the area of private international law. The HCCH was formed in 1893 to "work for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law". It has pursued this goal by creating and assisting in the implementation of multilateral conventions promoting the harmonisation of conflict of laws principles in diverse subject matters within private international law. The Conference has developed thirty-eight international conventions since its Statute was completed in 1951. A significant number of these Conventions are currently in force and mostly focus on conflict of laws rules, administrative cooperation, jurisdiction and applicable law, e.g. on the law applicable to maintenance obligations, accidents in road traffic, the liability products, matrimonial or inheritance. (See List of Hague Conventions on Private International Law.) HCCH Conventions and instruments are open for adoption or ratification by non-members of HCCH.

As at August 2014, 77 countries were members of the Hague Conference. Besides all 28 member states of the European Union being members of the Conference, the European Union is itself also a member, making a total of 78 members. In 2005, the Statute of the Conference was amended to permit Regional Economic Integration Organisations to become members, leading to European Union membership in 2007.

Recent developments[edit]

The 20th Diplomatic Session of the Conference, held from 14 to 28 June 2005, saw two major developments:

  • The statute of the Conference was amended (for the first time in over 50 years) to expand the possibility of membership to Regional Economic Integration Organisations such as the European Union;
  • The Conference concluded and opened for ratification the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements, a project which had been in negotiation for nearly 15 years. States applying this instrument agree to recognize and enforce decisions reached by courts of another signatory state if the dispute was governed by a valid choice of court agreement concluded between the parties to the dispute.
  • The 21st Diplomatic Session, held from 5 to 23 November 2007, led to the adoption of two new instruments: the Convention of 23 November 2007 on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance and the Protocol of 23 November 2007 on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations.
  • Hans van Loon, Secretary General from 1996 to 2013, was succeeded by Christophe Bernasconi on 1 July 2013.

Members[edit]

State Member since
 Albania 4 June 2002
 Argentina 28 April 1972
 Australia 1 November 1973
 Austria 15 July 1955
 Belarus 12 July 2001
 Belgium 15 July 1955
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 June 2001
 Brazil 23 February 2001
 Bulgaria 22 April 1999
 Canada 7 October 1968
 Chile 25 April 1986
 China 3 July 1987
 Costa Rica 27 January 2011
 Croatia 12 June 1995
 Cyprus 8 October 1984
 Czech Republic 28 January 1993
 Denmark 15 July 1955
 Ecuador 2 November 2007
 Egypt 24 April 1961
 Estonia 13 May 1998
 European Union 3 April 2007
 Finland 2 December 1955
 France 20 April 1964
 Georgia 28 May 2001
 Germany 14 December 1955
 Greece 26 August 1955
 Hungary 6 January 1987
 Iceland 14 November 2003
 India 13 March 2008
 Ireland 26 August 1955
 Israel 24 September 1964
 Italy 26 June 1957
 Japan 27 June 1957
 Jordan 13 June 2001
 Latvia 11 August 1992
 Lithuania 23 October 2001
 Luxembourg 12 March 1956
 Malaysia 2 October 2002
 Malta 30 January 1995
 Mauritius 19 January 2011
 Mexico 18 March 1986
 Monaco 8 August 1996
 Montenegro 1 March 2007
 Morocco 6 September 1993
 Netherlands 15 July 1955
 New Zealand 5 February 2002
 Norway 15 July 1955
 Panama 29 May 2002
 Paraguay 28 June 2005
 Peru 29 January 2001
 Philippines 14 July 2010
 Poland 29 May 1984
 Portugal 15 July 1955
 Republic of Korea 20 August 1997
 Republic of Macedonia 20 September 1993
 Romania 10 April 1991
 Russia 6 December 2001
 Serbia 26 April 2001
 Slovakia 26 April 1993
 Slovenia 18 June 1992
 South Africa 14 February 2002
 Spain 15 July 1955
 Sri Lanka 27 September 2001
 Suriname 7 October 1977
 Sweden 15 July 1955
  Switzerland 6 May 1957
 Turkey 26 August 1955
 Ukraine 3 December 2003
 United Kingdom 15 July 1955
 United States 15 October 1964
 Uruguay 27 July 1983
 Venezuela 25 July 1979
 Vietnam 10 April 2013
 Zambia 17 May 2013

Former member states are Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

Permanent Bureau[edit]

Located in the International Zone alongside many other international organizations and diplomatic missions in The Hague, the Permanent Bureau is the Conference's secretariat. It has regional offices located in Buenos Aires and Hong Kong

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]