Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization

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Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued February 27–28, 1939
Decided June 5, 1939
Full case name Frank Hague, Mayor, et al. v. Committee for Industrial Organization, et al.
Citations 307 U.S. 496 (more)
59 S. Ct. 954; 83 L. Ed. 1423; 1939 U.S. LEXIS 1067; 1 Lab. Cas. (CCH) P17,048; 4 L.R.R.M. 501
Prior history Certiorari to the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Certiorari, 306 U.S. 624, to review a decree which modified and affirmed a decree of injunction, 25 F.2d 127, in a suit brought by individuals, unincorporated labor organizations, and a membership corporation, against officials of a municipality to restrain alleged violations of constitutional rights of free speech and of assembly.
Holding
The Court held that Hague's ban on political meetings violated the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly, and so the ordinances were void.
Court membership
Case opinions
Concurrence Roberts, joined by Black
Concurrence Stone, joined by Reed
Concurrence Hughes
Dissent McReynolds
Dissent Butler
Frankfurter and Douglas took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. I

Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization, 307 U.S. 496 (1939), is a case decided by the United States Supreme Court.

Facts[edit]

In Jersey City, New Jersey Mayor Frank "Boss" Hague who had in 1937 used a city ordinance to prevent labor meetings in public places and stop the distribution of literature pertaining to the CIO's cause. He referred to them as "communist."

Judgment[edit]

District and circuit courts ruled in favor of the CIO, which brought the suit against the mayor for these actions and which was represented by Morris L. Ernst, Spaulding Frazer, Lee Pressman and Benjamin Kaplan. Hague appealed to the Supreme Court which ruled against him and held that Hague's ban on political meetings violated the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly, and so the ordinances were void.

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