Haibach, Lower Franconia
|• Mayor||Andreas Zenglein (CSU)|
|• Total||7.36 km2 (2.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The community lies eastsoutheast of Aschaffenburg on the western edge of the Spessart (range) between Aschaffenburg and the “fairytale castle” of Mespelbrunn. The highest elevations in the municipal area are the Findberg and the Buchberg. They reach some 330 m above sea level.
Haibach has a great deal of wooded land made up mostly of mixed forest.
Municipal area’s extent
The municipal area can be divided into “village”, new building area and industrial area. The village (Dorf) is the biggest part of Haibach and lies in the north. Found there are mainly older terraced houses not higher than two floors. Here, too, is the heart of the community consisting of the church, various grocery shops and (on a bank) the fire station.
On a hill lies Haibach’s new building area, which consists of great, detached new structures.
The industrial area lies on Würzburger Straße/St2312 (formerly B 8) in the south. Found there are the industrial parts of the community, like Adler Modemärkte GmbH.
The constituent communities of Grünmorsbach and Dörrmorsbach are in the south. Dörrmorsbach is found at the foot of the Pfaffenberg, whose distinctive building development is to be widely seen in the Spessart.
Haibach’s Ortsteile are Haibach, Grünmorsbach and Dörrmorsbach.
The climate is moderate and warm (Bayerisch Nizza, or “Bavarian Nice”). Haibach represents a meteorological divide between the Main Plain and the High Spessart.
Haibach had its first documentary mention in 1187. There then stood a noble seat called Ketzelburg on the edge of the community, whose ruins were archaeologically explored in 2004 and 2005.
Haibach’s original name was Haginaha, meaning “Border Brook”.
Over the course of 500 years the name became Hegebach, Heybach and Haydebach until 1790 when it settled on the current form.
In the course of municipal reform in 1978, the former community of Dörrmorsbach was amalgamated with Haibach. As early as 1972, Grünmorsbach had been swallowed up into the greater community, which today has 8,500 inhabitants.
In the Bavaria State Development Plan (Landesentwicklungsplan Bayern), Haibach is set out as a small centre and is among the most progressive communities in the Vorspessart and Lower Main regions.
Out of the original residential and farming village, Haibach developed after the Second World War into more of a preferred residential community in the Aschaffenburg region. With small and midsize industrial and craft businesses locating here, the community was strengthened in its economic performance and tax base.
Owing to its exposed location as an Aschaffenburg suburb with its scenically charming surroundings, Haibach belongs to the Spessart Nature Park (Naturpark Spessart). The building of a school centre with primary school and Hauptschule in 1965 and the founding of three kindergartens sponsored by the Catholic church administration and the Saint John organizations, are further milestones for the community’s expansive development.
In 1974 the community built the volunteer fire brigade a new fire station. Shortly thereafter in 1977, the sport centre with a cultural and sport hall and a stadium were brought into service.
The building of a water cistern on the Buchberg and the institution of a funerary hall in the Waldfriedhof (“Forest Graveyard”) in 1983 further qualify the community of Haibach as being up to standard as a “small centre”.
In May 1983, the youth and clubhouse was brought into service.
In 1988 and 1989, the sport hall Am Hohen Kreuz (“At the High Cross”) was built on Sportfeldstraße right near the school.
On 3 May 2001, the new community centre in the constituent community of Dörrmorsbach was dedicated.
The community’s landmark is the three crosses on the Bessenbacher Weg playground. They recall the legend of the knight Heydebach and his lady love.
The community’s raising to market community was never officially celebrated or announced.
There are three Catholic churches in the community:
- St. Nikolaus von der Flüe, Haibach
- St. Johannes der Täufer, Grünmorsbach
- St. Johannes der Täufer, Grünmorsbach (old church under monumental protection)
- St. Laurentius, Dörrmorsbach
There is also one Evangelical church:
Since 2006, Andreas Zenglein (CSU) has been Haibach’s mayor.
The council is made up of 20 council members, counting the mayor.
(as at municipal election held on 2 March 2008)
Coat of arms
The community’s arms might be described thus: Argent a bend wavy gules surmounted by a wheel spoked of six of the first, in chief an oak twig vert in bend, in base three Latin crosses sable in bend.
The wavy bend (slanted stripe) stands for the placename ending —bach, which means “brook” in German. The oak twig refers to the community’s location in the western Spessart, where there is still an extensive stand of oaks. The six-spoked Wheel of Mainz was taken from the arms borne by the Archbishopric and Electorate of Mainz, to whose lordly territory Haibach belonged for centuries. The origin and meaning of the three crosses that stand on Bessenbacher Weg in Haibach are no longer known. They are a landmark tied with a local legend.
The arms have been borne since 1966.
Economy and infrastructure
In Haibach are found, among others, the head office of the Adler chain of clothing shops, the German headquarters of Macrovision Corporation and the European headquarters of Renzi AG.
- Bus routes to Aschaffenburg: 5 (to Dörrmorsbach), 16, 40, 41, 47
- Autobahn A 3 between Frankfurt (roughly 45 km away) and Würzburg (roughly 75 km away).
- Haibach primary school and Hauptschule with Mittlere-Reife-Zug
- Haibach primary school – Grünmorsbach branch
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haibach.|
- Ketzelburg (German)