|— District —|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||431 km2 (166 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 ( 13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Haidian District (simplified Chinese: 海淀区 (officially), 海甸区 (alternatively); traditional Chinese: 海淀區/海甸區; pinyin: Hǎidiàn Qū) is a suburban district of the municipality of Beijing. It lies towards the northwestern part of the urban core.
It is 431 square km in area, making it the second-largest district in urban Beijing (after Chaoyang District), and is home to 2,240,124 inhabitants (2000 Census); however, in comparison to other districts, a higher percentage of its inhabitants do not have the governmental residential certificates for long-term residence, because Haidian District is where most universities are located and therefore many[quantify] of its inhabitants are college students. Its postal code is 100080.
The administrative division of the district was reported as follows:
- 22 jiedao (subdistricts) of the city proper of Beijing
- 5 towns
- 2 townships in more rural outlying areas (both townships are suburbs of the city proper of Beijing)
Haidian was originally a village outside of Beijing's Inner City. It was first built in the Yuan Dynasty and became one of the eight major business areas of the capital during the Qing Dynasty and was the seat of such old shops as Lotus White, Quanjude and Hongbin House. The famed Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace, two grand imperial gardens are also among its reputed features. It became a university district after the building of the Tsinghua University campus in the early twentieth century. It is mentioned in Lao She's novel Camel Xiangzi as an academic village for students. After the foundation of the People's Republic, it was deliberately developed as a university area, with many of the Yan'an institutions moving there. It officially became an administrative district in June 1954. Since the reform and opening up, it has become the centre of China's IT industry. In the words of Time magazine:
|“||Like Paris' Champs Elysées or New York's Broadway, Haidian is a celebration of a national myth: China's ability to change itself and become, once again, great among nations.||”|
Baidu has its headquarters in the Baidu Campus. Sohu has its headquarters in the Sohu.com Internet Plaza. Sinosteel's headquarters are in the Sinosteel Plaza (S:中钢国际广场, T: 中鋼國際廣場, P: Zhōnggāng Guójì Guǎngchǎng) in Haidian District. Youku has its headquarters on the fifth floor of Sinosteel Plaza. Wumart has its headquarters in the Wumart Commercial Building (S: 物美商业大厦, T: 物美商業大廈, P: Wù Měi Shāngyè Dàshà) in Haidian District.
Important areas in Haidian District
- Peking University
- Minzu University of China
- Beijing 101 Middle School
- Beijing Film Academy
- Tsinghua University
- Beijing Institute of Technology
- Beijing Language and Culture University
- China University of Geosciences Beijing
- Yuanmingyuan (Old Summer Palace)
- Summer Palace
- Renmin University of China
- High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China
- Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
- Beijing Normal University
- Haidian Park
- Purple Bamboo Park (Zizhuyuan)
- Fragrant Hills (Xiangshan Gongyuan)
- Beijing Botanical Garden (Beijing Zhiwuyuan)
- Diaoyutai State Guesthouse
- China University of Political Science and Law
- Capital Normal University
- Microsoft Research Asia
- Baidu headquarters
- Sinosteel Plaza
- Haidian Christian Church
- Beijing Organizing Committee of Olympic Games headquartered
Haidian's Technology hubs
- Harry's World Atlas
- University of Texas Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: A portion of "Originalkarte der Ebene von Peking und des Gebirkslandes im Westen und Norden der Capitale" from Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt uber Wichtige Neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann. Erganzungsband 10, 1876.
- Beijing Haidian District People's Government (7 December 2007), Special Shopping Areas in Haidian District. Accessed 19 October 2008. NB: this page only loads correctly in Internet Explorer.
- Tang Yangkai (2008). "Haidian District::Beijing's 'Smart Reservoir'". Beijing Review (7).
- Joshua Cooper Ramo (27 September 1999). "HAIDIAN DISTRICT: China's Silicon Valley, 1999". Time 154 (12). Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "IR Contacts." Baidu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Address: Baidu Campus, No. 10, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100085 People's Republic of China."
- "Contact Us." Sohu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Headquarter Office Sohu.com Internet Plaza, No.1 Park, Zhongguancun East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, PRC ."
- "Sohu.com." CNN Money. Retrieved on 19 August 2009.
- "Contact Us." Sinosteel. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "Sinosteel Plaza,8 Haidian St.,Beijing, P.R.China" - See map and directions in English - Chinese: "中国北京海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际广场" - See map and directions in Chinese
- "版权声明." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "北京市海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际大厦5层"
- "Contact Us." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Beijing 5th Floor, Sinosteel Plaza, 8 Haidian Dajie, Haidian District, Beijing, 100080, China."
- "Interim Report 2011." (Archive) Wumart. Retrieved on 12 October 2012. "ADDRESS OF HEAD OFFICE Wumart Commercial Building 158-1 West 4th Ring North Road Haidian District Beijing P. R. China" and "LEGAL ADDRESS IN CHINA Room 5610 1 Shixingdong Street Badachu HighTech Park District Shijingshan District Beijing The PRC"
- "联系我们." China Postal Airlines. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "北京海淀区增光路55号紫玉写字楼11-14层"