Haidian District

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Haidian
海淀区
District
Haidian District
Haidian District
Location of Haidian District in Beijing
Location of Haidian District in Beijing
Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°18′E / 39.900°N 116.300°E / 39.900; 116.300Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°18′E / 39.900°N 116.300°E / 39.900; 116.300
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 22 subdistricts
5 towns
2 townships
Area
 • Total 431 km2 (166 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,240,124
 • Density 5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 100080
Area code(s) 0010
Website bjhd.gov.cn

Haidian District (officially simplified Chinese: 海淀; traditional Chinese: 海淀區; alternatively simplified Chinese: 海甸区; traditional Chinese: 海甸區; pinyin: Hǎidiàn Qū) is a district of the municipality of Beijing. It lies towards the northwestern part of the urban core.

It is 431 square km in area, making it the second-largest district in urban Beijing (after Chaoyang), and is home to 2,240,124 inhabitants (2000 Census); however, in comparison to other districts, a higher percentage of its inhabitants do not have the governmental residential certificates for long-term residence, because Haidian District is where most universities are located and therefore many[quantify] of its inhabitants are college students. Its postal code is 100080.

Sister cities[edit]

Since the year 1992, Haidian District has signed official papers and established Sister City relationship with 14 cities and districts from 10 countries of 4 continents. Some sister cities are shown as followed:[1]

South America

North America

Europe

Asia

Administrative division[edit]

The administrative division of the district was reported as follows:[2]

  • 22 jiedao (subdistricts) of the city proper of Beijing
  • 5 towns
  • 2 townships in more rural outlying areas (both townships are suburbs of the city proper of Beijing)

Subdistricts:

Towns:

History[edit]

Haidian was originally a village outside of Beijing's Inner City.[3] It was first built in the Yuan Dynasty and became one of the eight major business areas of the capital during the Qing Dynasty and was the seat of such old shops as Lotus White, Quanjude and Hongbin House.[4] The famed Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace, two grand imperial gardens are also among its reputed features. It became a university district after the building of the Tsinghua University and Yenching University campus in the early twentieth century. It is mentioned in Lao She's novel Camel Xiangzi as an academic village for students. After the foundation of the People's Republic, it was deliberately developed as a university area, with many of the Yan'an institutions moving there. It officially became an administrative district in June 1954.[5] Since the reform and opening up, it has become the centre of China's IT industry. In the words of Time magazine:

During the later half of the 1990s, out of the Beijing districts, Haidian had the highest per capita GDP. During that period the GDP of Haidian District grew by double digits each year.[7]

Transportation[edit]

The northwestern stretches of the 3rd Ring Road, 4th Ring Road and 5th Ring Road all run through the area.

Economy[edit]

The Baidu Campus, Baidu headquarters

A central part of Haidian's economy, the Zhongguancun electronics district, hosts the Beijing offices of many software and computer-technology companies.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

The Beijing Olympic Building, which houses the headquarters of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education

Institutions of higher education in Haidian include:

Primary and secondary education[edit]

The Beijing Municipal Commission of Education (simplified Chinese: 北京市教育委员会; traditional Chinese: 北京市教育委員會; pinyin: Běijīng Shì Jiàoyùwěiyuánhuì), the local education authority, has its headquarters in the Beijing Olympic Building.[18][19]

Institutions of secondary education include:

Private schools include:

Communities[edit]

Important areas in Haidian District[edit]

Overview of the Haidian District

Gallery[edit]

Haidian's Technology hubs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ewsb.bjhd.gov.cn/InternationalCommunication/InternationalSisterCities/
  2. ^ Harry's World Atlas
  3. ^ University of Texas Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: A portion of "Originalkarte der Ebene von Peking und des Gebirkslandes im Westen und Norden der Capitale" from Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt uber Wichtige Neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann. Erganzungsband 10, 1876.
  4. ^ Beijing Haidian District People's Government (7 December 2007), Special Shopping Areas in Haidian District. Accessed 19 October 2008. NB: this page only loads correctly in Internet Explorer.
  5. ^ Tang Yangkai (2008). "Haidian District::Beijing's 'Smart Reservoir'". Beijing Review (7). 
  6. ^ Joshua Cooper Ramo (27 September 1999). "HAIDIAN DISTRICT: China's Silicon Valley, 1999". Time 154 (12). Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  7. ^ Wang, Wenfei, Shangyi Zhou, and C. Cindy Fan. "Growth and Decline of Muslim Hui Enclaves in Beijing" (Archive). Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2002, 43, No. 2, pp. 104-122. Cited page: p. 117.
  8. ^ "IR Contacts." Baidu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Address: Baidu Campus, No. 10, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100085 People's Republic of China."
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Sohu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Headquarter Office Sohu.com Internet Plaza, No.1 Park, Zhongguancun East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, PRC ."
  10. ^ "Sohu.com." CNN Money. Retrieved on 19 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Contact Us." Sinosteel. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "Sinosteel Plaza,8 Haidian St.,Beijing, P.R.China" - See map and directions in English - Chinese: "中国北京海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际广场" - See map and directions in Chinese
  12. ^ "版权声明." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "北京市海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际大厦5层"
  13. ^ "Contact Us." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Beijing 5th Floor, Sinosteel Plaza, 8 Haidian Dajie, Haidian District, Beijing, 100080, China."
  14. ^ "Interim Report 2011." (Archive) Wumart. Retrieved on 12 October 2012. "ADDRESS OF HEAD OFFICE Wumart Commercial Building 158-1 West 4th Ring North Road Haidian District Beijing P. R. China" and "LEGAL ADDRESS IN CHINA Room 5610 1 Shixingdong Street Badachu HighTech Park District Shijingshan District Beijing The PRC"
  15. ^ "Contact Us." aigo. Retrieved on July 25, 2013. "aigo Digital Technology Co., Ltd. Add: 10-11th Floor, Ideal Plaza, No.58, West Road, North 4th Ring Road, Beijing, 100080, China" Chinese address: "北京市北四环西路58号理想国际大厦11层"
  16. ^ "联系我们." China Postal Airlines. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "北京海淀区增光路55号紫玉写字楼11-14层"
  17. ^ "Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd." (Archive) COMAC. Retrieved on January 10, 2014.
  18. ^ "联系我们" (Contact Us) (Archive). Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2014. "北京市教育委员会地址:海淀区北四环中路267号北京奥运大厦"
  19. ^ Home page (Archive). Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2014. "地址:海淀区北四环中路267号北京奥运大厦 邮政编码:100083"
  20. ^ "Location." Beijing Haidian Foreign Language Shi Yan School. Retrieved on June 7, 2014. "Address:No.20, Xingshikou Road, Haidian District, Beijing,100195 P.R.China" - Address in Chinese: "地址: 北京市海淀区杏石口路20号 邮编: 100195"

External links[edit]