Haimen

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This article is about the city in Jiangsu province. For the protests in the Guangdong town of the same name, see 2011 Haimen protest.
Haimen
海门市
County-level city
Nickname(s): The River Gateway to the Sea (江海门户)
Haimen is located in Jiangsu
Haimen
Haimen
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°56′56″N 121°17′24″E / 31.949°N 121.290°E / 31.949; 121.290Coordinates: 31°56′56″N 121°17′24″E / 31.949°N 121.290°E / 31.949; 121.290[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Nantong
Established (as a county) 958
Became independent subprefecture 1768
Became county-level city June 1994
Seat Haimen Town
Government[2][3]
 • Deputy Mayor Lu Yifei (陆一飞) (Communist Party of China)
Area[4]
 • Total 1,148.77 km2 (443.54 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 4.96 m (16.27 ft)
Highest elevation[5] 5.2 m (17.1 ft)
Lowest elevation[5] 2.5 m (8.2 ft)
Population (2000)[6]
 • Total 942,952
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 226100[7]
Area code 0513[7]
Website haimen.gov.cn

Haimen (simplified Chinese: 海门; traditional Chinese: 海門; pinyin: Hǎimén, Qihai dialect: [haɪ.məŋ], Shanghai: [hɛ̝.məŋ]) is a county-level city under the administration of Nantong, Jiangsu province, with a population of approximately 1 million. It is located at the opposite side of the Yangtze River to Shanghai, and is directly north of Chongming Island except for a small portion that forms Haimen City's Haiyong Township (海永乡). Chonghai Bridge links the city to Chongming County. Haimen is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Haimen.

History[edit]

The area that is now Haimen was formed from silt deposits from the Yangtze River. Several sandbanks, including Dongzhou (东洲; 東洲) and Buzhou (布洲), joined together with the mainland in the Tang Dynasty. In 958 CE, during the Later Zhou in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Haimen County was established, the seat established at Dongzhou Town.[8]

Because the mouth of the Yangtze River moved northward during the Ming Dynasty, Haimen has dealt with flooding that destroyed parts of the county, including Lüsi (吕四; 呂四), Yudong (余东; 余東), and Sijia (Chinese: 四甲).[8]

In 1672, under Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, the seat moved to Jinghai Township (静海乡; 靜海鄉). Starting from 1701, the river's course moved south, creating more than 40 new sandbanks. In 1768, the county became an independent subprefecture with the seat moving to Maojia Town (茅家镇; 茅家鎮).[8]

In 1912, one year after the Republic of China was founded, Haimen once again became a county. However, in 1949, when the People's Republic of China was founded, Haimen became governed under Nantong Prefecture. Once county-level governments started to reappear in 1983, Haimen was reinstated as a county, and in June 1994, Haimen became a county-level city.[8]

Geography[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Haimen is divided into twenty-one towns and one township. These towns are further divided into 231 villages and three fishery villages.[9]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Haimen has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa). This means that Haimen experiences four distinct seasons; the summers are hot and the winters are cold. The summers are rainier than the other seasons, and the summer rains usually bring flooding.[10]

The average temperature is 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) in Haimen. January is the coldest month, and July is the hottest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Haimen was 38.0 °C (100.4 °F), occurring on both August 7, 1966 and July 31, 1992. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −9.3 °C (15.3 °F) on January 31, 1977.[10]

The average yearly rainfall is 1,056.3 millimetres (41.59 in). The wettest year was 1975 with 1,500.7 millimetres (59.08 in), and the driest year was 1978 with 654.6 millimetres (25.77 in).[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Inc. "Haimen". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.com/maps/place/Haimen,+Nantong,+Jiangsu/@31.9488014,121.2896461,11z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x35b18ebf01752bb5:0x82ee9da85f0940db. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. "陆一飞" (in Mandarin). Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  3. ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government (2010-03-10). "市政府关于市长副市长市长助理分工的通知" (in Mandarin). Haimen. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  4. ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Boundary & Area". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  5. ^ a b c Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Geographical Location". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  6. ^ Department of Economic & Social Affairs (2008). Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations Publications. p. 272. ISBN 978-92-1-051099-8. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  7. ^ a b China National Philatelic Corporation (CNPC). "Area Code and Postal Code in Jiangsu Province". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  8. ^ a b c d Haimen Municipal People's Government (2009-12-09). "建置沿革" (in Mandarin). Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  9. ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Administrative Division". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  10. ^ a b c Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Weather & Cliamte". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 

External links[edit]