Hain Ahmed Pasha

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Hain Ahmed Pasha (died 1524) was an Ottoman governor, beylerbey, and statesman. Appointed as the governor of Egypt in 1523, and disappointed that he had not been made grand vizier and his rival Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha had been made in his place, he declared himself the Sultan of Egypt and Egypt independent from the Ottoman Empire.[1][2] He struck coins with his own face and name in order to legitimize his power and captured Cairo Citadel and the local Ottoman garrisons in January 1524.[1][3] However, after surviving an assassination attempt in his bath by two emirs that he had previously sacked, he fled Cairo and was finally captured and executed by the Ottoman Empire by decapitation.[3][4] His rebellion created a short period of instability in the nascent Egypt Eyalet. After his death, his rival Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha came down to Egypt and reformed the provincial military and civil administration.[5]

Ahmed Pasha was of Georgian origin.[4] He was educated in the Enderun palace school.[3]

The epithet "Hain" means "traitor" in Turkish.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Holt, P. M.; Gray, Richard (1975). "Egypt, the Funj and Darfur". In Fage, J.D.; Oliver, Roland. The Cambridge History of Africa (London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press) IV: 14–57. doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521204132.003. 
  2. ^ Kaya Şahin (29 March 2013). Empire and Power in the Reign of Süleyman: Narrating the Sixteenth-Century Ottoman World. Cambridge University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-107-03442-6. 
  3. ^ a b c Süreyya, Bey Mehmet, Nuri Akbayar, and Seyit Ali. Kahraman. Sicill-i Osmanî. Beşiktaş, İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlığı Ile Türkiye Ekonomik Ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı'nın Ortak Yayınıdır, 1890. Print.
  4. ^ a b Yayın Kurulu "Ahmet Paşa (Hain)", (1999), Yaşamları ve Yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar Ansiklopedisi, İstanbul:Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık A.Ş. volume 2, p.146 ISBN 975-08-0072-9
  5. ^ Raymond, André (2001). Cairo: City of History. Translated by Willard Wood (Harvard ed.). Cairo, Egypt; New York, New York: American University in Cairo Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-977-424-660-9. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Çoban Mustafa Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1523–1524
Succeeded by
Güzelce Kasım Pasha
Regnal titles
New title
Declared independence
Sultan of Egypt
1523–1524
Rebellion crushed