Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Hainan Prefecture
海南州
Autonomous prefecture
海南藏族自治州 · མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese character 海南藏族自治州
 • Hanyu Pinyin Hǎinán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan script མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
 • Wylie mtsho-lho bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul
 • Tibetan pinyin Colho Poirig Ranggyong Kü
Qinghai Lake
Qinghai Lake
Location of Hainan Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Hainan Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture seat Gonghe County
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.qhhn.gov.cn/

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 海南藏族自治州; Tibetan: མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་) is an autonomous prefecture of northeastern Qinghai Province in Western China. The prefecture has an area of 45,895 square kilometres (17,720 sq mi) and its seat is located in Gonghe County. Its name literally means "south of Qinghai Lake."

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the prefecture has 375,426 inhabitants with a population density of 8.18 inhabitants/km².

The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, as of the 2000 census.

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Tibetan 235,663 62.77%
Han 105,337 28.06%
Hui 26,152 6.97%
Tu 3,750 1%
Mongol 2.637 0.7%
Salar 1,231 0.33%
Others 656 0.17%

Subdivisions[edit]

The prefecture is subdivided into 5 county-level divisions (5 counties):

Map
Hainan mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Gonghe County 共和县 Gònghé Xiàn གསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་ gser chen rdzong 120,000 16,050 7
2 Tongde County 同德县 Tóngdé Xiàn འབའ་རྫོང་ 'ba' rdzong 50,000 6,494 8
3 Guide County 贵德县 Guìdé Xiàn ཁྲི་ཀ་རྫོང་ thri ka rdzong 100,000 3,600 28
4 Xinghai County 兴海县 Xīnghǎi Xiàn བྲག་དཀར་རྫོང་ brag dkar rdzong 60,000 13,158 5
5 Guinan County 贵南县 Guìnán Xiàn མང་རྫོང་ mang rdzong 70,000 6,593 11

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°17′N 100°37′E / 36.29°N 100.62°E / 36.29; 100.62