Hainaut (Archaic English: Hainault; French: Hainaut, French pronunciation: [ɛno]; Dutch: Henegouwen, IPA: [ˈɦeːnəˌɡɔuwə(n)] ( ); German: Hennegau; Walloon: Hinnot; Picard: Hénau;) is a province of Belgium in the Wallonia region.
To its south lies the French département Nord, while within Belgium it borders (clockwise from the North) on the Flemish provinces of West Flanders, East Flanders, Flemish Brabant and the Walloon provinces of Walloon Brabant and Namur.
It has an area of 3,800 km² which is divided into seven administrative districts (French: arrondissements) containing 69 municipalities. Its capital is Mons.
Historical map of the County of Hainaut, with in red the current French-Belgian border.
The province derives from the French Revolutionary Jemmape department, formed in 1795 from part of the medieval County of Hainaut, Tournai and the Tournaisis, a part of the county of Namur (Charleroi) and of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (Thuin). (A large part of the historical county is now within France and sometimes referred to as French Hainaut.)
The patron saint of the province Hainaut is Saint Waltrude.
Coordinates: 50°30′N 03°55′E / 50.500°N 3.917°E