|• Mayor||Dieter Greysinger (SPD)|
|• Total||51.57 km2 (19.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||304 m (997 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL|
Hainichen is a market town in the German Free State of Saxony. It is located on the river Striegis and about 15 miles (24 kilometres) north-east of Chemnitz. Hainichen has been shaped by its industrial past.
From the foundation until industrial revolution
A first settlement had been mentioned in 1276 as villa forensis Heynichen.
Hainichen used to be a place of considerable industry. Its primary manufacture was once that of flannels, baize, and similar fabrics; at the time it may have been called the centre of this industry in Germany.
The Gellert institution for the poor was established in 1815.
An early concentration camp, Hainichen concentration camp, was established in April 1933 and dissolute in June 1933. During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located here, housing female prisoners working for the Framo enterprise.
The former plant of the Framo company was nationalized. The 1960s saw a reingeneering of delivery vans and minibuses under the Barkas B1000 brand. Hainichen became a major producer of parts for these cars.
Production of the B1000 delivery vans and minibuses ceased in 1991.
Typical for a market town in the east of Germany, Hainichen faces a demographic problem.
(from 1960 onwards per 31 December):
:Source from 1998 onwards: Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen
Friedrich Gottlob Keller, the inventor of the groundwood pulp technique, was born in Hainichen.
Leisure and tourism
Sites and buildings of interest
Hainichen is home of a camera obscura.
Other important sights are the Gellert museum (literature museum), Tuchmacherhaus (clothier museum)and a communal park. Hainichen is surrounded by the beautiful valleys of the river Striegis.
Hainichen has a communal sports centre with a small indoor pool, a communal outdoor swimming pool and a bowling centre. Also, there is a cycling track nearby.
Hainichen is characterised by small and medium-sized businesses. The largest employer is the car parts maker Metalsa Automotive Hainichen GmbH (formerly ISE Industries Hainichen GmbH) (429 employees in 2005).
Areas of the city include
- Schlegel and
Hainichen is twinned with:
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen – Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). 6 September 2014.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911)
- Christine O'Keefe. Concentration Camps
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District". © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.