Hairspray (musical)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Hairspray (disambiguation).
Hairspray
Hairspray.jpg
Poster for the original Broadway production
Music Marc Shaiman
Lyrics Scott Wittman
Marc Shaiman
Book Mark O'Donnell
Thomas Meehan
Basis 1988 film Hairspray
Productions 2002 Seattle Tryout
2002 Broadway
2003 US Tour
2004 Toronto
2006 Las Vegas
2007 film
2007 West End
2010 1st UK Tour
2010 Melbourne, Australia
2012 Merzig, Germany
2013 2nd UK Tour
Awards Tony Award Best Musical
Tony Award Best Book
Tony Award Best Score
Drama Desk Outstanding Musical
Drama Desk Outstanding Book
Drama Desk Outstanding Music
Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical

Hairspray is a musical with music by Marc Shaiman, lyrics by Scott Wittman and Shaiman and a book by Mark O'Donnell and Thomas Meehan, based on the 1988 John Waters film Hairspray. The songs include 1960s-style dance music and "downtown" rhythm and blues. In 1962 Baltimore, Maryland, plump teenager Tracy Turnblad's dream is to dance on The Corny Collins Show, a local TV dance program based on the real-life Buddy Deane Show.[1] When Tracy wins a role on the show, she becomes a celebrity overnight, and meets a colorful array of characters. She then launches a campaign to integrate the show. Hairspray is a social commentary on the injustices of parts of American society in the 1960s.

The musical's original Broadway production opened on August 15, 2002.

In 2003 it won eight Tony Awards out of thirteen nominations. It ran for over 2,500 performances and closed on January 4, 2009.[2] Hairspray has also had national tours, a London West End production, and numerous foreign productions and was adapted as a 2007 musical film. The London production was nominated for a record-setting eleven Laurence Olivier Awards, winning for Best New Musical and in three other categories.

Background[edit]

According to interviews included as an extra feature on the 2007 film's DVD release, theatre producer Margo Lion first conceived of Hairspray as a stage musical in 1998 after seeing a television broadcast of the original film. "I was home looking at a lot of movies, and one of those movies was Hairspray". The story was about a unlikely heroine Tracy Turnblad who gets on her local dance show and breaks down their segregation rules. She contacted John Waters, who gave her his blessing, then acquired the rights from New Line Cinema. Lion contacted Marc Shaiman, who expressed interest in the project only if his partner Scott Wittman could participate, and Lion agreed. The two submitted three songs – one of which, "Good Morning Baltimore", eventually became the show's opening number. Based on their initial work, Lion felt confident that she had hired the right team.[3]

Lion contacted Rob Marshall about directing the musical. At the time he was involved in negotiations to direct the screen adaptation of Chicago, but he agreed to become involved in the early development stages of Hairspray with the stipulation he would drop out if assigned the film. Marshall remembered Marissa Jaret Winokur from her brief appearance in the film American Beauty and arranged a meeting with Shaiman and Wittman. The two immediately felt she was right for the role of Tracy Turnblad but hesitated to commit without seeing any other auditions. They hired Winokur to work with them on the project with the understanding she might be replaced later. One year later, Winokur was diagnosed with cervical cancer. Certain she would lose the role if the creative team learned about her condition, she underwent a hysterectomy without telling anyone but her immediate family. The treatment and surgery succeeded, and Winokur returned to the project.[4] Meanwhile, Marshall had started work on Chicago, and Lion hired Jack O'Brien and Jerry Mitchell to direct and to choreograph, respectively. Winokur was one of the first to audition for the role of Tracy Turnblad and spent two years preparing with voice and dance lessons.[5] Tracy's mother had been portrayed by Divine in the original film, and Shaiman liked the idea of maintaining the tradition of casting a male as Edna Turnblad. Harvey Fierstein auditioned for the role with a "half hour vocal audition". He thought they were "pacifying" him, but he was told "they don't want anyone but you".[6]

According to Shaiman, one song, "I Know Where I've Been", became controversial during the genesis of the score:

"This was ... inspired by a scene late in the [1988] movie that takes place on the black side of town. It never dawned on us that a torrent of protest would follow us from almost everyone involved with the show. 'It's too sad. ... It's too preachy. ... It doesn't belong. ... Tracy should sing the eleven o’clock number.' We simply didn't want our show to be yet another show-biz version of a civil rights story where the black characters are just background. And what could be more Tracy Turnblad-like than to give the 'eleven o'clock number' to the black family at the heart of the struggle? Luckily ... the audiences embraced this moment, which enriches the happy ending to follow, and it is our proudest achievement of the entire experience of writing Hairspray."[7]

Productions[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

After a successful tryout at Seattle's 5th Avenue Theatre, Hairspray opened on Broadway at the Neil Simon Theatre on August 15, 2002.[8] The production was directed by Jack O'Brien and choreographed by Jerry Mitchell, with set design by David Rockwell, costume design by William Ivey Long, lighting design by Kenneth Posner, sound design by Steve C. Kennedy, and the many distinctive wigs in the show by Paul Huntley. The original Broadway cast included Marissa Jaret Winokur and Harvey Fierstein in the lead roles of Tracy and Edna respectively. The cast also featured Matthew Morrison as Link, Laura Bell Bundy as Amber, Kerry Butler as Penny, Linda Hart as Velma, Mary Bond Davis as Motormouth Maybelle, Corey Reynolds as Seaweed, Jackie Hoffman as Female Authority Figure, Dick Latessa as Wilbur and Clarke Thorell as Corny Collins. The Dynamites were played by Kamilah Marshall, Shayna Steele and Judine Richard.

Hairspray received Tony Award nominations in 12 categories, winning eight, including for best musical, book, score and direction. Winokur, Fierstein and Latessa received awards for their performances. The production ran for more than six years, closing on January 4, 2009 after 2,642 performances.[2] Thorell returned to the cast for the final ten months. Fierstein and Winokur returned to the cast for the final performances.[9][10]

Original London production[edit]

The West End production opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre on October 11, 2007 for previews before its official opening on October 30. Michael Ball played Edna, with Mel Smith as Wilbur Turnblad, newcomer Leanne Jones as Tracy, Tracie Bennett as Velma, Paul Manuel as Corny Collins, Rachael Wooding as Amber, Elinor Collett as Penny, and Ben James-Ellis as Link. The original creative team of the Broadway production, with director Jack O'Brien and choreographer Jerry Mitchell, reunited for the London production.[11] The show garnered a record-setting eleven Olivier Award nominations[12] and won for Best New Musical, as well as acting awards for Best Actress and Actor in a musical (Jones and Ball).[13] The production closed on March 28, 2010 after a run of nearly two-and-a-half years and over 1,000 performances.[14]

Original Australian production[edit]

An Australian production of Hairspray opened in Melbourne at the Princess Theatre on October 2, 2010 to critical acclaim.[15] It was directed by David Atkins and choreographed by So You Think You Can Dance Australia judge Jason Coleman.[16] The show moved to Sydney from June 23, 2011. The cast included Jaz Flowers as Tracy, Trevor Ashley as Edna, Jack Chambers as Link, and Tevin Campbell reprising his role from the Broadway production as Seaweed J. Stubbs. Atkins redesigned the production using new technologies.[17] The set used enormous LED screens, which moved around the stage in various combinations, as the characters interacted with animated landscapes generated across the screens.[18] The musical opened at Sydney's Lyric Theatre at The Star Casino on 11 June 2011 and closed on 9 October 2011, ending its Australian run.

National tours[edit]

The First U.S. national tour started in September 2003 in Baltimore and ended in June 2006.[19] It starred Carly Jibson as Tracy, Bruce Vilanch as Edna, Terron Brooks as Seaweed, Sandra DeNise as Penny, Susan Cella as Velma, and Ramona Cole (soon replaced by Charlotte Crossley) as Motormouth Maybelle.[20] When the tour stopped in Los Angeles, Winokur reprised her role as Tracy, together with the original Broadway Link, Matthew Morrison.[21]

In July 2006, a non-Equity U.S. and Asian tour opened in Atlantic City's Harrah's Casino. The shorter "casino version" was used for a six-week run, but when the tour moved on, it continued with the full version of the show minus the character of Lorraine. The production starred Brooklynn Pulver as Tracy, Jerry O'Boyle as Edna, Dan Ferretti as Wilbur, Constantine Rousouli as Link, Christian Dante White as Seaweed, Alyssa Malgeri as Penny, Jarret Mallon as Corny, Happy McPartlin as Velma, Pearl Thomas as Amber and Yvette Clark as Motormouth Maybelle. Th tour played sit down engagements in Tokyo, Shanghai and Beijing. It played its final performance on April 25, 2010 at the Fox Performing Arts Center in Riverside, California.[22]

After the West End production closed, Hairspray began touring the UK and Ireland, starting at the Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff on April 7, 2010, following previews from March 30. The tour stars Michael Ball, Brian Conley and Michael Starke alternating as Edna, Les Dennis, Nigel Planer and Micky Dolenz alternating as Wilbur and Laurie Scarth as Tracy.[23]

Hairspray Toured the UK and Ireland in 2013. The show opened on February 13 in The Lowry Theatre in Manchester with Mark Benton playing Edna Turnblad. Lucy Benjamin playing Velma Von Tussle, Marcus Collins as Seaweed Stubbs and Freya Sutton as Tracy Turnblad, respectively. Further casting to be announced soon.[24]

There has just been an announcement on Mark Goucher's production site that Hairspray will be touring the UK from August 2015 with casting and venues to be announced shortly. [25]

Other productions[edit]

Las Vegas

A Las Vegas production ran at the Luxor Hotel in 2006 starring Katrina Rose Dideriksen as Tracy, Austin Miller as Link, and Fierstein and Latessa reprising their roles as Edna and Wilbur. This ninety-minute version was played in one act. Cut songs included "The Big Dollhouse", "(The Legend of) Miss Baltimore Crabs", "Velma's Revenge", "Good Morning Baltimore (Reprise)", and "Cooties".[26]

Royal Caribbean International

Royal Caribbean International presents the show on their new ship MS Oasis of the Seas, which made its maiden voyage in December 2009. The show is performed in the ship's 1350 seat Opal Theater three times on each seven-night cruise.

Hollywood Bowl

A production at the Hollywood Bowl ran from August 5–7, 2011, directed and choreographed by Jerry Mitchell.[27] Original Broadway cast members Fierstein and Winokur reprised their roles as Edna and Tracy Turnblad. The cast also featured Corbin Bleu (Seaweed J. Stubbs), Drew Carey (Wilbur), Diana DeGarmo (Penny), Mo Gaffney (Prudy and others), Nick Jonas (Link Larkin), Darlene Love (Motormouth Maybelle), Susan Anton (Velma Von Tussle) and John Stamos (Corny Collins).[28][29]

US regional premiere The Riverton Arts Council in Riverton Utah Preformend the US regional premiere at the Sandra N. Lloyd Performing Arts Center July 30-Aug. 21 2010

International productions[edit]

The first international production opened in Toronto at the Princess of Wales Theatre in April 2004 and ran for 245 performances. Vanessa Olivarez, a former American Idol contestant, starred as Tracy, and Jay Brazeau starred as Edna.[30] Stephanie Pitsiladis, cast as the standby for Vanessa, is the first Canadian to have portrayed the role of Tracy Turnblad.

A South African production opened in Johannesburg in October 2007 with the original direction and choreography recreated by Matt Lenz and Greg Graham. New set and costume designs were by Michael Bottari and Ronald Case.[31][32] A production in Buenos Aires, Argentina, opened on July 16, 2008 starring Enrique Pinti as Edna. The role of Tracy was cast through a reality-competition show called Yo Quiero Ser la Protagonista de Hairspray (I Want to Be Hairspray's Protagonist).[33]

On November 14, 2008, a production of Hairspray in Manila in the Philippines, starring Madel Ching as Tracy and Michael de Mesa as Edna. The production closed on December 7, 2008.[34] On July 10, 2009, a Brazilian production opened in Rio de Janeiro, starring Simone Gutierrez as Tracy and Edson Celulari as Edna. A 2010 Brazilian tour stopped in São Paulo, Brasilia, Curitiba and Porto Alegre.[citation needed]

A Dutch production ran during the 2009/2010 season. Edna Turnblad was played by Arjan Ederveen and Link was Jim Bakkum (runner-up in the first season of the Dutch American Idol).[citation needed] On December 6, 2009 a German production opened in Cologne. Edna is played alternately by Uwe Ochsenknecht and comedian Tetje Mierendorf. Tracy is played by Maite Kelly, former member of The Kelly Family and Penny is Jana Stelley. The first production of Hairspray in the German language, however, took place at the Theater St. Gallen, Switzerland.[citation needed] A re-creation of the Broadway/Wast End production of the show opened in Dubai in July 2010 with Leanne Jones, from the West End production, reprising her role as Tracy and Antony Stuart-Hicks as Edna.[35]

Other productions opened in Canada, Finland, Japan, South Korea,[36] Italy, St. Gallen, Switzerland (in German) and Brazil.[37] The musical also played in Shanghai, China, at the Shanghai Grand Theatre in July 2008[38] and Stockholm, Sweden in September 2008.[citation needed] Other productions are planned for France, Israel, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Mexico.[39] Hairspray has been translated into German, Finnish, Spanish, Japanese, Korean, Italian, Portuguese and French.

There was a production which was performed in the Hong Kong Cultural Center, by a performing arts company called Face Production. They won a HK Heckler Award for Best Musical, Best Actress and Best Set Design.

School adaptation[edit]

In August 2008, the British television channel Sky 1 began broadcasting Hairspray: The School Musical, which followed the development of a North London comprehensive school's production of Hairspray from audition to performance, with input from various actors and creatives, including members of the Broadway production team and the West End cast.[40]

The first amateur MTI production was produced at the French Woods Festival of the Performing Arts in the summer of 2008.

Bedford Girls' School returned to the London theatre version of Hairspray for their performances on February 8 and 9 2013.

Synopsis[edit]

Setting: Baltimore, Maryland, June 1962

Act I[edit]

As “pleasantly plump” teenager Tracy Turnblad lies in bed, she muses about her love for her hometown, her love of dancing, and her desire to be famous (“Good Morning Baltimore”). She goes to school and is given a warning for "inappropriate hair height". After school, Tracy rushes home with her best friend, Penny, to catch the local teenage dance show, The Corny Collins Show (“The Nicest Kids in Town”). Edna, Tracy’s shy and plus-sized mother, is ironing and complains about the noise of the music coming from the television, while Penny’s mother, Prudy complains about it being race music. After an announcement that auditions for a place on the show will be held, due to the fact that Brenda (one of the Corny Collins Council Members) leaves the show due to being pregnant, Tracy begs her mother for permission to audition. Edna, fearing that Tracy will be laughed at due to her weight, refuses. Penny and Amber (the main dancer on The Corny Collins Show) have similar arguments with their mothers ("Mama, I’m a Big Girl Now").

After gaining permission and support from her father, Wilbur, Tracy auditions for the show and bumps into teenage heartthrob, Link Larkin, which leads into a dream sequence ("I Can Hear the Bells"). Velma Von Tussle, the racist producer of The Corny Collins Show, rejects Tracy from the audition because of her size ("(The Legend of) Miss Baltimore Crabs"), as well as refusing a black girl, Little Inez. Back at school, Tracy is sent to detention for her "monumental hair-don't". There she meets black dancer Seaweed J. Stubbs (the son of the host of "Negro Day" on The Corny Collins Show, Motormouth Maybelle), who teaches her several dance moves. She uses the new dance steps at the Sophomore Hop the following day to introduce herself to Corny Collins ("The Madison"). When Corny sees how well Tracy can dance, he gives her a place on the show ("The Nicest Kids in Town" (Reprise)). During the broadcast, Link, following Corny’s suggestion, sings "It Takes Two" to Tracy, much to Amber’s dismay. After the show, Mr. Spritzer, the show’s worrisome sponsor, appeals to Velma over Tracy’s appointment to the Council. Velma, threatening to fire Corny from the show, is eventually left distraught and determines to ruin Tracy ("Velma’s Revenge"). At the Turnblad house, Edna is receiving calls from fans who saw Tracy on the show. A call comes in from Mr. Pinky, the owner of a plus-size dress shop, for an endorsement. Tracy pleads with her mother to come with her and to act as her agent although Edna has not left their apartment in years. Finally making it outside, Edna is given a huge makeover, as she is told "Welcome to the '60s" and Tracy becomes the spokes-girl for the shop. At school, signs of Tracy’s fame are evident in the schoolyard, with graffiti on the walls and another Council Member sporting Tracy’s signature hairdo. During a game of dodge ball, a jealous Amber knocks Tracy out, and Link rushes to her side. Penny and Seaweed, who have developed a liking for each other, rush to fetch the school nurse, only to find her out sick. Seaweed, suggesting that some fun would make Tracy feel better, invites all of them to his mother’s record shop for a platter party ("Run and Tell That!"). At the shop, Tracy rallies everyone to march against the station on the following day’s Mother-Daughter Day, as blacks are not allowed on the show except for the monthly Negro Day. Before they start, Motormouth Maybelle convinces the initially reluctant Edna and Wilbur to march as well. During the protest, led by Motormouth, Velma calls the police and fights break out. When the police arrive on the scene, almost everyone is arrested ("Big, Blonde, and Beautiful").

Act II[edit]

After the march, most of the women are locked up in a women's penitentiary ("The Big Dollhouse"). Because of Velma’s dirty tactics, the governor pardons and releases both her and Amber. Wilbur bails out the remaining people, excluding Tracy who is forced to remain in jail through another one of Velma’s manipulations. Tracy is alone and wishes that Link could be with her ("Good Morning Baltimore" (Reprise)). Back at the Har-De-Har Hut (Wilbur's joke shop), Wilbur and Edna are left destitute because of the money it cost them to bail everyone out and with Tracy still in prison. Edna sympathizes with her daughter’s dream – she had dreamt of making her “own line of queen-sized dress patterns”. She and Wilbur reminisce about their past and how they can never be parted from each other (“(You’re) Timeless to Me”).

During the night, Link sneaks into the jail where he finds Tracy in solitary confinement. As Link and Tracy reunite, Penny’s mother, Prudy, punishes Penny for “going to jail without her permission” and ties her up in her bedroom where Seaweed comes to her rescue. Both couples declare their love for one another ("Without Love"). After escaping from their respective prisons, the couples seek refuge at Motormouth Maybelle’s Record Shop. Tracy thinks that it is unfair that after all of their hard work, The Corny Collins Show is still segregated. They devise a plan to help integrate the show, and Motormouth remembers their long fight for equality ("I Know Where I’ve Been").

On the day of the Miss Teenage Hairspray competition, Corny Collins starts the show with a song ("(It’s) Hairspray"). Amber shows off her talents in a bid to get more votes from the viewers ("Cooties"). Just as the results are about to be announced, Tracy (whose hair is straightened as a sign of her "non-conformity to the man") takes over the stage, and is joined by Link, Penny (now transformed from drool to cool), Seaweed, Edna, Wilbur, Little Inez, and Motormouth. Tracy is declared the winner of the competition and Corny declares The Corny Collins Show to finally be racially integrated. When all is announced, Mr. Spritzer runs onstage thrilled with the public’s response to the telecast and announces that the governor has pardoned Tracy and he offers Link a recording contract and Motormouth the position of vice president of Ultra Glow – beauty products for women of color. Prudy arrives at the station and, seeing how happy Penny is with Seaweed, accepts her daughter for who she is. At the height of the moment, the company invites Amber and Velma to join the celebration. With the station in joyous celebration, Tracy and Link cement their love with a kiss ("You Can’t Stop the Beat").

Characters[edit]

Principal roles and casts of major productions of stage productions of Hairspray

Character Description Original Broadway Actor/Actress Notable Broadway Replacements Original West End Actor/Actress Notable West End Replacements Original Australian Actor/Actress
Tracy Turnblad (Lead) The female lead of Hairspray. A "pleasantly plump" teenager, who dreams of fame and fights to racially integrate The Corny Collins Show. Marissa Jaret Winokur Kathy Brier
Carly Jibson
Shannon Durig
Marissa Perry
Leanne Jones Chloe Hart
Charlotte Riby
Jaz Flowers
Kirby Lunn
Edna Turnblad (Lead) Tracy's kind, plus-sized mother – a drag role. Edna runs a laundry business out of her home. Harvey Fierstein Michael McKean
Bruce Vilanch
John Pinette
Blake Hammond
Paul Vogt
George Wendt
Michael Ball Brian Conley
Phill Jupitus
Michael Starke
Mark Benton
Trevor Ashley
Velma Von Tussle (Lead) The villainess of Hairspray. Amber's scheming mother and producer of The Corny Collins Show, who pushes her daughter to seek the stardom that she never had. Linda Hart
Liz Larsen
Barbara Walsh
Isabel Keating
Michele Pawk
Mary Birdsong
Karen Mason
Tracie Bennett Liz Robertson
Belinda Carlisle
Siobhán McCarthy
Lucy Benjamin
Marney McQueen-
Penny Pingleton (Lead) Tracy's slightly dorky, devoted and perky best friend. Kerry Butler Jennifer Gambatese
Diana DeGarmo
Caissie Levy
Alexa Vega
Elinor Collett Verity Rushworth Esther Hannaford
Motormouth Maybelle (Lead) The owner of a downtown record shop and the host of "Negro Day" on The Corny Collins Show, self-described as "big, blonde and beautiful". Mary Bond Davis Darlene Love
Jenifer Lewis
Charlotte Crossley
Johnnie Fiori Sandra Marvin
Sharon D Clarke
Amber Von Tussle (Supporting) Bratty, selfish resident princess of The Corny Collins Show, despite her lack of talent. She is willing to do anything to win the Miss Teenage Hairspray pageant. Laura Bell Bundy Becky Gulsvig
Haylie Duff
Tara Macri
Ashley Spencer
Aubrey O'Day
Rachael Wooding Zoe Rainey
Nicola Brazil
Renee Armstrong
Link Larkin (Supporting) A teenage heartthrob and one of The Corny Collins Show Council Members, who falls in love with Tracy. Matthew Morrison Richard H. Blake
Andrew Rannells
Ashley Parker Angel
Aaron Tveit
Ben James-Ellis Liam Tamne Jack Chambers
Seaweed J. Stubbs (Supporting) A hip "Negro Day" dancer and the son of Motormouth Maybelle who falls in love with Penny. Corey Reynolds Chester Gregory II
Tevin Campbell
Adrian Hansel Tevin Campbell
Wilbur Turnblad (Supporting) Tracy’s goofy father, who owns the Har-De-Har Hut joke shop and is still madly in love with his wife, Edna. He encourages Tracy to follow her dreams. Dick Latessa Jere Burns
Jerry Mathers
Jim J. Bullock
Stephen DeRosa
Mel Smith Ian Talbot
Nigel Planer
Micky Dolenz
Grant Piro
Corny Collins (Supporting) The eccentric and cocky host of The Corny Collins Show. Clarke Thorell Lance Bass
Jonathan Dokuchitz
Paul Manuel Gavin Alex Scott Irwin
Little Inez (Supporting) Seaweed's younger sister, who tries to audition for The Corny Collins Show but is turned away because she is African American. Danielle Eugenia Wilson Naturi Naughton Natalie Best Raquel Jones Nancy Denis
Female Authority Figure (Supporting) The Matron guarding The Big Dollhouse; the Gym Teacher; and Prudy Pingleton, Penny's overprotective and often close-minded mother. Jackie Hoffman Julie Halston
Susan Mosher
Wendy Somerville Jacqui Rae
Male Authority Figure (Supporting) Mr. Pinky, owner of Mr. Pinky's Hefty Hideaway who gives Tracy and Edna a makeover; Principal of Patterson Park High School; and Mr. Harriman F. Spritzer, the President of Ultra Clutch Joel Vig
Blake Hammond
Jim J. Bullock
Kevin Meaney
Dermot Canavan

Musical numbers[edit]

Score revisions and additional songs[edit]

Hairspray went through several revisions before and during its pre-Broadway run in Seattle, in the process eliminating and replacing several musical numbers. One of such songs, an infomercial about safety on the road titled "Blood on the Pavement", followed "The Nicest Kids in Town", and is included on the cast album. In early revisions, various songs, including "The Status Quo" and "Velma’s Cha-Cha" (its short reprise replaced by “Rage,” in turn dropped in favor of “Velma’s Revenge”), were used during Tracy’s audition and dismissal, but the team instead optioned for "(The Legend of) Miss Baltimore Crabs", as the audience did not like seeing Tracy being verbally attacked after "I Can Hear the Bells".[41] After the auditions, there was a scene in the Har-De-Har Hut in which Wilbur tried to cheer up Tracy after her rejection,[42] singing that "It Doesn't Get Better than This". Later replaced by the similar "Positivity", the scene was later cut early in the Seattle tryout as it was deemed emotionally redundant.

After Tracy eventually made it on the show, there was a song "The New Girl in Town", which was sung first by the Council girls and later by the black Girls. Although later cut early during the Seattle tryout, it was included in the 2007 movie and appears in the show’s instrumental score.[43] "The Mother-Daughter Cha-Cha-Cha" was another cut number that originally followed "Big, Blonde, and Beautiful". Later, the writers absorbed the protest rally and Mother-Daughter Day into the number, thus deleting the song and folding the sequence into a single scene.[44] A song called "Step on Up" was also cut in favor of "I Know Where I’ve Been".[45] Early on in the genesis of the show, the plot involved a "Miss Auto Show" competition, as in the 1988 film, instead of "Miss Teenage Hairspray". For this competition, later revised due to the cost of cars onstage, there was a song called "Take a Spin" sung by Corny in the place where “(It’s) Hairspray” is now.[46] After Amber’s rendition of "Cooties", Tracy had a song before the finale called "It Ain’t Over ’Til the Fat Lady Sings," though, it was cut after the third reading of the show; it was included as a track on the Special Edition of the 2007 motion picture's soundtrack.[47]

Instrumentation[edit]

Hairspray's orchestration calls for fifteen musicians: three keyboards, the first of which is played by the conductor, bass guitar, two guitars, drums, percussion, trumpet, trombone, two woodwind players, two violins, and cello. The guitarists both double on acoustic and electric guitars, and the trumpet doubles on flugelhorn; the original Broadway production also featured a piccolo trumpet double. The first woodwind player doubles on tenor and alto saxophones, flute and clarinet. The second woodwind player doubles on tenor, alto and baritone saxophones, flute and clarinet.

In the original Broadway production, a few of the actors mimed on musical instruments in order to fulfill a minimum musician requirement at the Neil Simon Theatre.[citation needed]

Response[edit]

Critics[edit]

According to Variety, Hairspray received thirteen favorable and four mixed reviews.[48] Charles Isherwood, in his Variety Magazine review wrote: "...this sweet, infinitely spirited, bubblegum-flavored confection won't be lacking for buyers any time soon. Arriving in an aerosol fog of advance hype, it more than lives up to its promise."[49] Ben Brantley wrote: "So what if it's more than a little pushy in its social preaching? Stocked with canny, deliriously tuneful songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman and directed by Jack O'Brien with a common touch that stops short of vulgarity, 'Hairspray' is as sweet as a show can be without promoting tooth decay. ...[it] succeeds in recreating the pleasures of the old-fashioned musical comedy without seeming old-fashioned. ...Shaiman... is taking the infectious hooks and rhythms from period pop and R&B and translating them into the big, bouncy sound that Broadway demands.... And while the savvy arrangements... nod happily to Motown, Elvis, Lesley Gore ballads and standards like "Higher and Higher," the score's appeal isn't nostalgic. It's music that builds its own self-contained, improbably symmetrical world...."[50] New York's Daily News wrote, "As Tracy, Marissa Jaret Winokur has the heft, the pipes and an enormously appealing stage presence. Her dancing may not be as special as the plot suggests, but she wins your heart... With this role, Fierstein places himself in the great line of Broadway divas."[51]

Box office and business[edit]

Hairspray opened with a $12 million advance; after the Tony Awards show (in June 2003), it was expected to do five times the business it normally did on a Monday.[52] The entire $10.5 million investment was recouped by May 2003 (approximately 9 months after its Broadway opening).[53] For 2002-03 it averaged 99% capacity; for 2007 it averaged 86%.[54]

Adaptations[edit]

Main article: Hairspray (2007 film)

A film version was released in July 2007. The film was directed and choreographed by Adam Shankman and starred John Travolta as Edna Turnblad, Michelle Pfeiffer as Velma Von Tussle, James Marsden as Corny Collins, and Nikki Blonsky as Tracy Turnblad. Hugh Jackman and Joey McIntyre both wanted to play the role of Corny Collins, but lost to Jackman's X-Men co-star Marsden.[citation needed]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2003 Tony Award Best Musical Won
Best Book of a Musical Mark O'Donnell and Thomas Meehan Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Harvey Fierstein Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Marissa Jaret Winokur Won
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Dick Latessa Won
Corey Reynolds Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Jack O'Brien Won
Best Choreography Jerry Mitchell Nominated
Best Original Score Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman Won
Best Orchestrations Harold Wheeler Nominated
Best Scenic Design David Rockwell Nominated
Best Costume Design William Ivey Long Won
Best Lighting Design Kenneth Posner Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Won
Outstanding Book of a Musical Mark O'Donnell and Thomas Meehan Won
Outstanding Orchestrations Harold Wheeler Nominated
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Harvey Fierstein Won
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Marissa Jaret Winokur Won
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Dick Latessa Won
Corey Reynolds Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Kerry Butler Nominated
Outstanding Lyrics Scott Wittman and Marc Shaiman Won
Outstanding Music Marc Shaiman Won
Outstanding Director Jack O'Brien Won
Outstanding Choreography Jerry Mitchell Nominated
Outstanding Set Design David Rockwell Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design William Ivey Long Won
Theatre World Award Jackie Hoffman Won
Marissa Jaret Winokur Won

Original London production[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2008 Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Won
Best Actor in a Musical Michael Ball Won
Best Actress in a Musical Leanne Jones Won
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Tracie Bennett Won
Elinor Collett Nominated
Best Director Jack O'Brien Nominated
Best Theatre Choreographer Jerry Mitchell Nominated
Best Set Design David Rockwell Nominated
Best Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated
Best Lighting Design Kenneth Posner Nominated
Best Sound Design Steve C. Kennedy Nominated

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Waters, John (August 11, 2002). "THEATER; Finally, Footlights On the Fat Girls". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  2. ^ a b Jones, Kenneth (January 4, 2009). "Playbill News: Broadway's Hairspray Has Its Final Spritz Jan. 4". Playbill.com. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  3. ^ Pogrebin, Robin. "Riding High With a Big, Bouffant Hit; After 25 Years of Paying Dues, an Independent Producer Scores With 'Hairspray'". The New York Times, October 16, 2002
  4. ^ undated interview thehpvtest.com[dead link]
  5. ^ "Marissa Jaret Winokur"Encyclopedia of World Biography, accessed February 8, 2010
  6. ^ Limsky, Drew. "Everything's Coming Up 'Hairspray'". The Advocate, July 23, 2002
  7. ^ The Roots, p. 142
  8. ^ Jones, Kenneth (May 21, 2002). "Playbill News: A New 'Do: Capacity of Neil Simon Theatre Will Increase for Hairspray". Playbill.com. Retrieved February 11, 2009. 
  9. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Hairspray to Close Jan. 4, 2009; Fierstein Returns Nov. 11", playbill.com, October 22, 2008
  10. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Tony Award Winner Winokur Will Return to Broadway's Hairspray". Playbill.com, November 18, 2008
  11. ^ Nathan, John. "Hairspray Begins London Run Oct 11". Playbill.com, October 11, 2007
  12. ^ Nathan, John. "London Hairspray Breaks Record With 11 Olivier Award Nominations". An unknown star, Aoife O'Neill from Ireland played the role of Tracy to the joys of love the westend audience. Playbill.com, February 6, 2008
  13. ^ "Olivier Winners 2008". Oivierawards.com, accessed August 22, 2011
  14. ^ Paddock, Terri."'Hairspray' Posts London Closing Notices" whatsonstage.com, 27 January 2010
  15. ^ "'Hairspray Reviews". Hairspraythemusical.com, accessed August 22, 2011
  16. ^ Field, Katherine. "'Hairspray' comes to Australia". News.ninemsn.com.au, March 5, 2010
  17. ^ Cashmere, Paul. "'Hairspray' Sets A New Benchmark in Australian Theatre". Undercover.fm, October 4, 2010
  18. ^ Graham, Lucy. "'Hairspray': A “Brand New Do” in Music Theatre Technology". Stagewhispers.com.au, 2010, accessed August 22, 2011
  19. ^ broadwayworld.com "'Hairspray' National Tour, 2003" broadwayworld.com, accessed August 22, 2011
  20. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "'Hairspray' National Tour Cast Announced; Vilanch Bows in Baltimore Sept. 9". Playbill.com, July 22, 2003
  21. ^ Kuryak, Timothy."Hairspray Teases LA" broadwayworld.com, August 1, 2004
  22. ^ "Official U.S. tour". Hairsprayontour.com, accessed August 22, 2011
  23. ^ Shenton, Mark. "Casting Confirmed for U.K. Tour of Hairspray; Olivier Winner Michael Ball Returns". Playbill.com, February 8, 2010
  24. ^ http://westend.broadwayworld.com/article/HAIRSPRAY-to-Tour-Ireland-and-the-UK-in-2013-Mark-Benton-Stars-as-Edna-Turnblad-20120720
  25. ^ http://markgoucher.com/hairspray/
  26. ^ Joy, Cara. "'Hairspray' in Vegas: Trimming a Tony Winner for a Move to the Strip". Broadway.com, December 8, 2005
  27. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Hollywood Bowl to Offer 'Hairspray' in Summer 2011 Plus 'Grease', 'Sound of Music' Sing-Alongs". Playbill.com, January 26, 2011
  28. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Hollywood Bowl 'Hairspray' to Feature Harvey Fierstein, Marissa Jaret Winokur, Drew Carey, Darlene Love, Nick Jonas". Playbill.com, May 24, 2011
  29. ^ Hetrick, Adam and Gans, Andrew. "Susan Anton Joins 'Hairspray' at the Hollywood Bowl". Playbill.com, July 20, 2011
  30. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "A Bad Hair Day: 'Hairsprays Toronto Run Will End Nov. 28". Playbill.com, October 6, 2004
  31. ^ South African production website hairspray.co.za[dead link]
  32. ^ DeBarros, Luiz. "Review, 'Hairspray'". Mambaonline.com, 26 October 2007
  33. ^ (Spanish)"Lágrimas y aplausos para quien será Tracy". La Nación. 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-05-15. [dead link]
  34. ^ "'Hairspray' Manilla A Sneak Peek During Rehearsals" thebachelorgirl.com, November 5, 2008
  35. ^ "'Hairspray' and 'Fame' reviewed" timeoutdubai.com, 14 July 2010
  36. ^ South Korea production website hairspray-musical.co.kr[dead link]
  37. ^ Hairspray in Manila". Atlantisproductionsinc.com
  38. ^ "'Hairspray'" hairspraychina.cn (in Chinese), accessed August 22, 2011
  39. ^ "'Hairspray' in Mexico". Mexico.broadwayworld.com, January 22, 2010 (in Spanish)
  40. ^ Shelton, Mark (2008-08-31). "Students Perform Hairspray in London Aug. 31 as "Hairspray: The School Musical" TV Series Begins". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  41. ^ The Roots, p. 59
  42. ^ The Roots, p. 62
  43. ^ Review of Hairspray during its pre-Broadway run zipcon.net
  44. ^ The Roots, p. 109
  45. ^ The Roots, pp. 142-43
  46. ^ The Roots, p. 149
  47. ^ "Dear Listener", Note included in the Special Edition of the 2007 Hairspray Movie Soundtrack
  48. ^ Variety, September 23, 2002 - September 29, 2002, "Critics' Taly" [sic], Legit., p. 88
  49. ^ Isherwood, Charles. "'Hairspray", Daily Variety, August 16, 2002, p. 2
  50. ^ Brantley, Ben."Theater Review; Through Hot Pink Glasses, a World That's Nice" The New York Times, August 16, 2002, Section E, Part 1, Column 1
  51. ^ Kissel, Howard. "This Show Has Body And Bounce", Daily News (New York), August 16, 2002, p. 55
  52. ^ Hernandez, Ernio."Tony Wins Signal Good News for 'Hairspray', 'Take Me Out', 'Journey', 'Nine' Box Office" playbill.com, June 9, 2003
  53. ^ Simonson, Robert."Broadway Smash 'Hairspray' Returns Investment" playbill.com, May 30, 2003
  54. ^ "Grosses for Hairspray broadwayworld, accessed August 22, 2011

References[edit]

  • O'Donnell, Mark, Thomas Meehan, Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman. Hairspray: The Roots (2003) Faber & Faber ISBN 0-571-21143-7

External links[edit]