Haitian Senate election, 2009
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Senate elections for a third of the seats in the Senate of Haiti were held on 19 April 2009 (they were scheduled for March or April 2008, but were postponed), with a run-off to be held on 21 June 2009. Per the Constitution of Haiti, voters should renew ten of the thirty seats in the Senate, but as Pierre Emmanuel Limage (representing Fwon Lespwa, the party of President René Préval, for Artibonite Department) died in a car accident and Ultimo Compère (representing Fwon Lespwa for Centre Department; his term would have expired in 2008 regularly) and Rudolph H. Boulos (representing the Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats for Nord-Est Department) resigned, there will be twelve open seats instead.
The seats for which elections will be held are divided among parties as follows:
- Fwon Lespwa – 4 (two of them currently vacant)
- Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats – 2 (one of them currently vacant)
- Struggling People's Organization – 2
- L'Artibonite in Action – 1
- Pont – 1
- Fanmi Lavalas – 1
- Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti – 1
Preparations were finished in late May 2008.
40 candidates were not allowed to contest the election, including Guy Philippe and all 17 from Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas, reportedly due to procedural mistakes and missing signatures or possibly even two lists of candidates submitted in some constituencies. 79 candidates were approved. The disqualification was strongly criticised by local and international organisations alike, with some even claiming that the elections were not really democratic. Turnout was very low. A majority for president Préval's Fwon Lespwa party could aid him in amending the constitution to increase the president's power and allowing a second consecutive term. Run-off elections were expected for many seats due to the high number of candidates.
Voting for Ultimo Compère's vacant seat in the Centre Department had to be rescheduled after voters ransacked polling places and a poll supervisor was shot in Mirebalais. Results took a few days, as they were all be tabulated in Port-au-Prince and therefore all ballots had to arrive there before they can be counted. None of the candidates in any of the departments managed to get more than half of the votes in the first round, so the two candidates in each departments were set to face each other in a run-off on 7 June 2009. Turnout for the first round was around 11%. The run-off was on 13 May 2009 announced to have been postponed to 21 June 2009, due to legal problems with election challenges; by that date, no date had been set for the re-run of the election in the Centre Department.
According to final results including annulment of illegal votes, the following parties had candidates in the run-off:
- Fwon Lespwa (LESPWA) – 8 candidates
- Struggling People's Organization (OPL) – 5 candidates
- Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (FUSION) – 3 candidates
- L'Artibonite in Action (AAA) – 2 candidates
- Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (UNION) – 1 candidate
- independent – 1 candidate
- Working Together for Haiti (KONBA) – 1 candidate
- Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development and Education (UCADDE) – 1 candidate
In the second round, LESPWA won five seats, and five parties won one seat each (OPL, AAA, FUSION, KONBA, UCADDE), as well as an independent.
|Parties||1st round||2nd round|
in the run-off
|Fwon Lespwa (LESPWA)||131,647||29.68%||8 (of 10)||178,482||43.22%||5|
|Struggling People's Organization (OPL)||90,549||20.41%||5 (of 8)||85,834||20.79%||1|
|Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (FUSION)||34,191||7.71%||3 (of 7)||41,621||10.08%||1|
|L'Artibonite in Action (AAA)||44,896||10.12%||2 (of 6)||37,188||9.01%||1|
|Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development and Education (UCADDE)||14,806||3.34%||1 (of 2)||16,943||4.10%||1|
|Independents||23,254||5.24%||1 (of 8)||16,643||4.03%||1|
|Working Together for Haiti (KONBA)||18,751||4.23%||1 (of 4)||15,909||3.85%||1|
|Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (UNION)||30,205||6.81%||1 (of 10)||14,499||3.51%||0|
|Respect (RESPE)||12,976||2.93%||0 (of 2)|
|Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti–Revolutionary Party of Haiti (MODELH–PRDH)||11,024||2.49%||0 (of 2)|
|Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (MIRN)||7,794||1.76%||0 (of 2)|
|Rally of Progressive National Democrats (RNDP)||7,382||1.66%||0 (of 3)|
|National Unity Party (PUN)||4,481||1.01%||0 (of 2)|
|Social Renewal Party (PSR)||2,461||0.56%||0 (of 2)|
|Movement for the Installation of Democracy in Haïti (MIDH)||1,931||0.44%||0 (of 1)|
|Popular Agreement Party (PEP)||937||0.21%||0 (of 1)|
|For Us All (PONT)||160||0.04%||0 (of 1)|
|Sources: CEP, CEP|
- Prensa Latina
- "Poll projects low voter turnout in Haiti:Protests banned," by Kevin Pina, Haiti Information Project/HaitiAction.net, April 16, 2009.
- "HAITI: Fanmi Lavalas Banned, Voter Apprehension Widespread," by Jeb Sprague, IPS, April 16, 2009.
- "A funeral and a boycott: ‘The struggle continues’ in Haiti," by Kevin Pina, SF Bay View, June 20, 2009.
- "Haiti’s voters support Lavalas, boycott election," by Kevin Pina, SF Bay View, June 22, 2009.