Haitian constitutional referendum, 1985

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A constitutional referendum was held in Haiti on 22 July 1985.[1] The amendments to the new constitution would restore multi-party politics, although only on the condition that all parties swore allegiance to President Jean-Claude Duvalier, as well as re-confirming Duvalier as President for Life and allowing him to single-handedly appoint the Prime Minister and his successor. The changes were reportedly approved by 99.98% of voters,[2] although it was widely considered a sham and led to Duvalier being overthrown the following year.


Choice Votes %
For 2,375,011 99.98
Against 448 0.02
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,375,459 100
Source: Direct Democracy


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p381 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Around the World: Haiti Says 99.9% Backed President in Referendum New York Times, 28 July 1985