Haj Aqa Nourollah
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Haj Aqa Nourollah
حاج آقا نورالله نجفی اصفهانی
|Born||Haj Aqa Nourollah
Haj Aqa Nourollah as Ayatollah Shekh Mohammad Baqer Najafi’s son –the author of the book titled HEDAYAT AL-MOSTTAHSREDIN. Haj Aqa Nourollah’s grand mother is the late Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammaed Jafar Kashef Al-qeta’s daughter who was one of the descendants of Malek-e Ashtar Nakhai; the great commander of Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib.
He was born in 1278 AH. After finishing his education in Islamic science which was prevalent in Isfahan and Najaf; he became a mujtahid (clergyman practicing religious jurisprudence). Haj Aqa Nourollah’ as a fighter and mujtahed; who was aware of his time; involved in thepelotical affairs and considered this as the clergy’s waskhe believed that the main problem of Iran during Qajar period was the Russian and English colonialists’ intervention in Iran affairs as well as the king’s and appressors’ tyranny. Haj Aqa Nouroullah’ along his brother’ the late Ayatollah Shekikh Mohammad Taqi Najafi enititled to “Aqa Najafi”- struggled in Isfahan for half a century from “tobacco boycott movement” (1309 AH) to struggled Reza shah pahlavi’s dynasty(1346 AH). His distinct view; his awareness of his time ; and his persistence in his belief made him and active and innovative character in the history of developments in Iran.
His most important activities
Among his important measures are: fighting against foreign goods; using domestic products; the idea of establishing Qeraatkhaneh; Islamic hospital; establishing Yatimkhaneh(a house for orphans); establishing a newspaper Safakhaneh sociatey (a place foe debating with christens missionaries) and many other social and cultural activities. Due to the very measures he was recognized as the head of the clergy statement of Iran; moreover; Marja’-e taghlid (source of imitation) introduced him to the parliament as one of the five clergy supervised the religious laws.
Calling for jihad against Russia and England during World War I and protesting against the colonial treaty in 1915 and 1919 (the treaty concluded by Vosough od-Dowleh) is another chapter in the struggles of that great scholar.
His best book
His book titled the dialog between the settler and the traveler which is; indeed; an intellectual vindication of a kind of religious reading of the constitutional event and is a theoretical plan in the form of discussion; considered as the rubric of "the religious democracy" and also as a chapter in the first experience of "the Islamic government of shine scholars" in Iran in parallel with Haj Aqa Nouroullah's leadership in the constitutional event in Isfahan and Bakhtiari.
The last chapter of his life
The last chapter of this great clergyman's struggle was his struggle against Rezā Shāh pahlavi’s tyranny (a new way in practicing tyranny by which he had expanded his autocratic reign under the title “constitution system”). The uprising started by him against Rezā Shāh’s monarchy (1346) caused hundreds of scholars and the most prominent clergymen to gather I Qom and to protest against the aliens’ influence and pahlavi’s tyranny. His martyrdom in Qom is the last page of the book of this great clergy’s life.
His house: Constitution house
And now after more than 80 years of his death his house become to the Museum that show a lot of information about constition era in Iran and specially Isfahan. And show activities.