Hajdúság is a historical and geographical region in Hungary, located in the Great Hungarian Plain around Debrecen. It consists of six hajdú towns (Hungarian: hajdúvárosok), named Hajdúböszörmény, Hajdúdorog, Hajdúnánás, Hajdúhadház, Hajdúszoboszló and Vámospércs.
The region was established by István Bocskai in the 17th century, who invited Hajdús to his domains. Hajdús were Hungarian mercenary soldiers, mercantiles and cattle drovers in the Great Hungarian Plain, during the Ottoman wartimes Hungarian peasants also joined to the group. After settling down they got collective nobility. It was an autonomous region (Hungarian: Hajdúkerület, means "Hajdú District") until 1876 when became part of Hajdú County (now Hajdú-Bihar County).
- Antal Papp: Magyarország (Hungary), Panoráma, Budapest, 1982, ISBN 963 243 241 X, p. 860, pp. 477-478
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