GREATER PATNA REGION
|Elevation||46 m (151 ft)|
|• Spoken||Hindi, Bajjika, Bhojpuri|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91- 6224- XX XX XX|
|Sex ratio||1.0870 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hajipur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Hajipur|
|Planning agency||Patna Regional Development Authority|
|Civic agency||Hajipur Nagar Parisad|
Hajipur is the headquarters of Vaishali district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous for producing bananas, and has a modern railway zonal office. Patna, the capital of Bihar is only 10 km from Hajipur. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, one of the longest bridges in the world, links it to Patna. After Patna, it is the fastest developing town in Bihar, primarily because of its close proximity to Patna (just 10 km). There has been plans to expand Patna to 'Greater Patna', by absorbing Hajipur and other surrounding towns in it. In recent years, Hajipur has seen a drastic rise in the middle class and upper middle class income people.
The town is known by the name of Hajipur as it was founded by a King of Bengal named Haji Ilyas Shah who ruled between 1345 to 1358 AD. Inside the fort built by this king in Hajipur there is a mosque called Jama Masjid, a plain building measuring 84.5 ft (25.8 m) long and 33.5 ft (10.2 m) broad.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Places of interest
- 6 Transport
- 7 Direction Board
- 8 Education and research
- 9 Media
- 10 Gallery (Hajipur - Vaishali Tourism)
- 11 Famous People from Hajipur
- 12 References
In the ancient time, it was known as Ukkacala and was the first village to come after crossing River Ganges at Patna. The village of Hajipur gained significance, as it was the venue of one of the discourses given by Lord Buddha. Buddha preached the Cula Goplalaka Sutta, a Middle Length Discourse, here. Along with that, it is also of interest because a portion of Ananda's ashes were enshrined in the town, the closest disciple of Lord Buddha. Ananda acted as the Buddha's personal attendant for twenty years and outlived him by several decades. Hajipur, earlier in British India was a small town in muzaffarpur district of Bengal situated on the confluence of the Ganges and gandak. Hajipur figures conspicuously in the history of struggles between Akbar and his rebellious Afghan governors of Bengal.
Hajipur (Vaishali)-find its origin way back in history from the mahabharata period. It is the place where democracy found its origin around 600BC. Ancient Lichhavi republic was established in this land only. It is the place where Lord Mahavir took birth and Gautam Buddha delivered his last sermon and announced his Parinirvana.
Geography and climate
Hajipur is the headquarters of Vaishali after its separation from Muzaffarpur district on October 12, 1972. It is located at . It has an average elevation of 46 metres (150 ft). The district has 3 subdivisions, 16 blocks, 191 Gram Panchyat & 1638 villages and is surrounded by Muzaffarpur (North), Patna (South), Samastipur (East) and Saran (West).
The Hajipur town being bounded by Narayani Gandak river in the west and holy Ganges in the south, has scope of further expansion in east and north direction only. Very Good network of rail, road and water transport exists in the town connecting it with other parts of district as well as state and country. Famous Mahatma Gandhi Setu (5575m long, Prestressed box culvert type RCC bridge) over river Ganges connects it with Patna, the state capital while another rail and road bridge over Gandak connects it with Sonepur.
One of the important interest is Hajipur Sadar Hospital in the middle space of township.
The plain terrain of town and its nearby places is famous for banana, Litchi and mango plantations. The region looks green with plants and trees growing in semi-tropical monsoon climate. However, months of May–June are extremely hot and December–January are very cold.
|Climate data for Hajipur|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.3
|Average low °C (°F)||7.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||19
|Source: Local Source & The Weather Channel Interactive, Inc. (Yahoo! News Weather)|
As per 2011 census Hajipur city has a population of 147,126, out of which males were 78,561 and females were 68,565. The literacy rate was 79.26 per cent, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 84.78%, and female literacy is 72.93%. In Hajipur, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.. The sex ratio of 873 females per 1,000 males was lower than the national average of 944.
The economy of Hajipur is largely service orientated, but it also has a significant agricultural base. The town also has industrial sector. As of 2011, service accounts for 55%, industry 9% and agriculture 35% of the economy of the town. The real estate is booming and is equal or more than Patna because it has better planning and it is higher from the sea level from Patna, Hence there is no water accumulation as in Patna in rainy season. Apart from this there are many upcoming projects from private and public sectors with three new over bridges connecting with Patna making it one of the fastest growing city of India.
Places of interest
Maha Kaleshwar Mandir. The Maha Kaleshwar Mandir existing in Naya Tola Mohalla, Hajipur is the temple of Shiva with statue of Hanumaan jee, Goddess Durga, ChitraGupta (God of Books) and other Hindu Gods. This temple was established with combined effort of the local people.
The Ramchaura Mandir is a Hindu Temple in the city of Hajipur, Bihar, India. Dedicated to Lord Rama, it is located at Rambhadra near Helabazar, Hajipur. As per local folklore, it is said to have been in existence since Ramayana period and Lord Shri Ram is believed to have visited this place on his way to Janakpur, where his footprints are worshiped. The Ramchaura Mandir has tradition of celebrating Rama Navami, the birth anniversary of Rama, every year. A small fair is also organised on the eve of Rama Navami. Archeological objects excavated from Ramchaura are kept at the Patna Museum.
- Mahadev Math in Rajason situated on the bank of river Ganges. It is also a historical temple.
- Maamu Bhanja (Mazaar of maamu bhanja) a Muslim pilgrimage near jadhua on hajipur mahnar road has many old history.
Kaun Haara Ghat.
It is considered one of the main ghats of Ganga-Gandak, where worshiping and cremation has been performed for centuries. This ghat has got its name based on an ancient legend. According to this legend, "The famous fight of Gaja(elephant)-Graah (crocodile), which is well covered in Indian scrdiptures, is the reason behind people asking -kaun haara. Hence the name. Scriptures tell that Lord Vishnu had to interfere in the fight to save his devotee Gajaraj, who was being drowned by crocodile. Both Gaja and Grah were gandharavas. But due to some curse they became Gaja and Graah. Lord Visnu killed Graah to give him instant salvation, and saved life Of Gajaraj. The depiction Of fighting Gaja Graah is an emblem for the city, and is prominently shown on the Hajipur railway station's dome, and other notable places.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, it is located at Jadhua Road, Hajipur. As per local folklore, it is said to have been in existence since ancient period and Lord Shiva is believed to be in the form of Lingam here.
Bateshwarnath Nath Temple.
Oldest temple of Bihar,India, which is dedicated of Lord Shiva and Situated in East of Hajipur, Bihar, India. As per local folklore, it is said to have been in existence since Mugal period and it appeared in middle of thousand year old banyan tree and interesting tale about the temple was self constructed Temple. The Bateshwar Nath Temple has tradition of celebrating Basant Panchimi Festival every year in (February/March) . A small fair is also organized on the eve of Mahashivratri for 1 months. It is a great place to visit for peace of Mind in middle of Agricultural Land that give you a feel of spirituality. A project has been passed by Bihar Government of transformation of place into historical and tourist place. Now Temple is run and managed by Mithilesh Kumar Singh, (Advocate) secretary of Bateshwar Nath Vikash Seva Sansthan (N.G.O).
West of Hajipur, on the confluence of the Gangas and the Gandak is situated this unique Shaivite shrine. Made in the late medieval period (18th century), by (Mathabar Singh Thapa) one of the army commanders of Nepal, the temple brings-in a fresh pagoda-style architecture of the Himalayan Kingdom to the plains of the Ganges. This temple is built largely of wood. Another distinctive feature of this temple is its fine wooden carving, which includes, of others, generous erotic scenes. Both in style and finish, largely drawn in from the Himalayan world of architecture, Nepali Temple at Hajipur remains quite singular and inimitable.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu.
The Mahatma Gandhi Setu (bridge) is the important link between north and south Bihar. It has been constructed over the Ganges near village Jadhua and connects Hajipur with Patna. This is one of longest river bridge having length of 6.75 km. The four lane prestressed RCC bridge was commissioned into service during the year 1982. Traveller get an enthralling experience and panoramic view of lush green banana plantations by Crossing the bridge.
Lord Krishna Temple (Aacharya Prabhuji Ki Baithak) is one of the oldest temple of Hajipur which is managed by the trusty of Gujrat. There are 84 Mahaprabhuji Baithaks in India. Shri Mahaprabhuji graced this earth for 52 years and 2 months during which thrice aapshri toured India barefoot only to spread the principles of Pushtimarg. Conducting Shrimad Bhagwat seminars, debating with scholars and heads of other religions and establishing the ethics of “Shudhadvaita Brahmavada” was a great task that aapshri undertook. Till date also innumerable vaishnavs travel by rail and road to visit these Baithaks, at times travelling on hazardous roads leading to remotely situated Baithaks in forests and on mountains and take immense divine pleasure in paying respects to Shri Mahaprabhuji and performing any given tasks (Seva).
Located opposite Hajipur, is a small place of Sonepur where fortnight long cattle fair is held every year starting from Kartik full moon day (October/November). The place goes lively at the onset of winter with the mass holy deep in river Gandak by Hindu at Kaun-hara Ghat. Besides being claimed as the biggest animal fair in Asia, the fair entertain visitors with circus, Tamasha (folk plays), Nautanki (folk dances) and sell everything from elephants to birds; agricultural equipment to vanity items; winter garments to wooden furnitures. Government Department of Rural Development, Department of Agriculture etc. organises training and exhibitions for the farmers coming from all over. The visitors can stay in hotels at Hajipur or they can hire luxury Swiss cottages erected on sand dunes beside river Gandak. The tent and cottages are provided by State Tourism Department only during fair.
Ancient village of Vaishali is located 35 km North-West of Hajipur. The place can be reached by road and offers many archeological places to see which includes Buddha Stupa, Ashokan Piller, Abhisek Puskarani (coronation Tank of Vajji Rulers) etc. All the places can be seen during day long visit by arranging a private transport. Vaishali Mahotsava (great celebration) is held every year on Baisakh Purnima (Full Moon Day of 1st Hindu Month) during mid-April to celebrate the birth anniversary of 24th Jain Tirthankar Lord Mahavir who born here in the village Kundalpur, 4 km from Vaishali. The soil of this land is blessed by the visit of Lord Buddha twice during 3rd century BC.
Hazrat Anjan Peer Saha Baba - It is located about 1.5 km from Ramashish Chowk and about 1 km form Gandhi chowk. It is founded by Hazrat Anjaan Peer Saha Baba in 1780 AD. Many of famous leaders visited this place.
- Rail link
Hajipur railway station is the headquarters of East Central Railway Zone. Three rail lines connect it to Muzaffarpur, Chhapra, and Barauni. Important trains like Guwahati Rajdhani Express (2235/2236), Vaishali Express (2553/2554),Bihar Sampark Kranti Superfast Express (2565/2566), Garib Rath Express (2203/2204), Swatantrata Senani Superfast Express (2561/2562), Sabarmati Express, Lohit Express, Lichhavi Express (4005/4006) and all other trains passing through this route have stoppages here.
Patna Airport - 13.2 miles (21.2 km). Patna airport is well connected through road. Buses, taxis, auto available 24*7.
Hajipur is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major highways are:
- National Highway 19 (NH 19) touches the city and connects it to Chhapra which further joins Ghazipur city in U.P. NH 19 starts from Patna and is connected further with Gaya and BodhGaya through state highway.
- National Highway 77 (NH 77) connects Hajipur to Sonbarsa (Nepal border) via Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi.
- National Highway 103 (NH 103) Starts from Hajipur and joins NH 28A at Musri Gharari (Samastipur) via Jandaha.
Education and research
Hajipur has a high literacy rate in Bihar.
Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology & Applied Nutrition (IHMCT&AN)(www.ihmhajipur.net), under the aegis of Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India and Department of Tourism, Govt. of Bihar.
- Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (Hajipur, India), under the department of chemicals and petrochemicals, ministry of chemicals and fertilizers, Government of India.
- Institute of Hotel Management - Hajipur, and
- The National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur - India.
Hajipur has many schools & colleges, some of them acclaimed nationally. These institutes cater over ten thousand students. Below are some of the schools and colleges in the city.
Name of Colleges
B.M.D. College, B.S. Inter-College, CIPET, Chaurasiya Raj Kishore Mahavidyalaya, Deo Chand College, Jamunilal College, Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Institute of Hotel Management & Applied Nutrition, Kent Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), RBS college, R.N. College, Sukhdew Mukhlal College, S N S College, Teachers Training College, Vaishali Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Women's College, ANM Training School, SPYNET Computers (Wardhan Educational & Development Society), Institute of Entrepreneurship Development, R. R. college,Maa Tara Institute Of Technology & Science(MTIHTM).
Name of the Schools
St Paul's High School, Neev Kids Play School UD International School(Jadhua, Hajipur), Bharat Bharti High School (Andar Kila Hajipur),Indian Public School, Shanti Niketan, Neev Kids Play School, Paramount School, Bharat Bharti Bal Vidyalaya, St.Xavier's High School, Children's paradise, Christ Church High School, Central Public School, DAV Public School, Dighi High School, Dr. Zakir Hussain Academy, G.A.Inter School (Near Gandok River, Green Field Public High School, Green Garden Public Scihool, Guru Vasisth Vidyayan, Gyandeep Central School, Gyan Jyoti Public School, Girls High School, Hi-Tech Public School, Jai Govind High School, Jai Mata Di Public School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Kids Care Public School, Mount Caramel Public School, Oasis Public School, Oxford High School, P. K.Jha Residential High School, Prem High School, Raj Kishor High School, R.K. Middle School, Royel Model Residential School, R. S. PUBLIC SCHOOL, R. S. Kids, Sawmi Viveka Nand Shiksha Niketan, Sahyogi High School, Residential Students' Academy, Saraswati Vidya Mandir, SKS Seminary, Sri Mulkjada Singh High School, St. Paul's High School, St. John's Academy, Bishop Public School, Surajdeo Memorial School, Town High School, Vaishali Central School - Rajason, Vikas Vidyala, Xavier's School, Tiny Tot School, Shemford Hajipur, Vidya Vihar Vidyalaya, Sagar Academy School, Jai Tara Public School, Shri K. D. High school, Shanti Raj Gyan Niketan-Rajason, Sant Shree Public School - Rajason, Mission Public School - Rajason, Ideal Public School - Pakauli, Janta High School - Dharampur, Middle School Rajason, Vaishali Public School - Madhurapur, Jai Govind Higher Secondary School - Pakauli, Shelter Mission School - Sarai, Saraswati Shishu Mandir - Sahwajpur, Rajkiya Krishna Kumari Vidya Mandir- Dharhara, Minapur Rai High School, Astipur Govt School, Akshara School, Anmol vidya mandir, Mount valley Public School,Shanti Asiatic High School, Kidzee, Anamika Kids, Delhi Public School, DAV High School, St Xavier's International School, B.D Public School.
NIPER Hajipur work has been published in an international journal. "Comparative modeling of HGPRT enzyme of L. donovani and binding affinities of different analogs of GMP". [Int. J. Biol. Macromol]
TV programming is provided by regional news channels like Sahara Samay, ETV Bihar and Jharkhand. There are several news programmes broadcast by local cable operators in city areas.
Hajipur has the following FM radio stations:
- Radio Mirchi Patna 98.3 and
- Vividh Bharati (All India Radio) is broadcast on 100.8 FM.
Gallery (Hajipur - Vaishali Tourism)
Famous People from Hajipur
- Mahavira (Prince - Lord Mahavir)
- Ram Sundar Das (Former Chief Minister of Bihar)
- Nikhil Kumar (Governor of Nagaland)
- Ram Vilas Paswan (Politician)
- Raghuvansh Prasad Singh (Politician)
- Bindeshwar Pathak (Sulabh International)
- Basawon Singh (Freedom fighter)
- Yogendra Shukla (Indian nationalist)
- Baikuntha Shukla (Indian nationalist and revolutionary)
- Shilpa Shukla (Actress)
- Kavita Roy (former One Day International cricketer)
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Hajipur.|
- Hajipur history, .
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hajipur
- Local Source "Climatological Information for Hajipur". Local Resident. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
- 168 Hajipur census2011.co.in
- Hajipur tours, .
- Kaun Haara Ghat celebrations, .
- Archaeological Sites, .
- Pushtimarg: The Path of Grace. Jai Shri Krishna to All..!!.
- Addresses of known Bethakji's of Shree Mahaprabhuji .
- Pushtimarg (The Path Of Grace).
- What is a Baithak?.
- Fairs of India,.
- Vaishali Mahotsav, .
- Institute of Hotel Management Hajipur-Official website
- Comparative modeling of HGPRT enzyme of L. donovani and binding affinities of different analogs of GMP., .