Hakea ( ) is a genus of 149 species of Hakea shrubs and small trees in the , native to Proteaceae Australia. They are found throughout the country, with the highest species diversity being found in the south west of Western Australia.
They can reach 1–6 m in height, and have spirally arranged
leaves 2–20 cm long, simple or compound, sometimes (e.g. H. suaveolens) with the leaflets thin cylindrical and rush-like. The flowers are produced in dense flowerheads of variable shape, globose to cylindrical, 3–10 cm long, with numerous small red, yellow, pink, purple, pale blue or white flowers.
Hakeas are named after Baron
Christian Ludwig von Hake, the 18th century German patron of botany, following Heinrich Schrader's description of in 1797. Hakea teretifolia [1 ]
It is now beginning to become accepted
that [2 ] is Grevillea paraphyletic with respect to Hakea. It is likely, therefore, that Hakea may soon be transferred into Grevillea.
Classification [ edit ]
Hakeas are closely related to the genus
and Grevillea , both members of the subfamily Finschia within the family Grevilleoideae Proteaceae. Many species have similar inflorescences, but hakeas can be distinguished by their woody seed pods.
Horticulture [ edit ]
Hakeas are popular
ornamental plants in gardens in Australia, and in many locations are as common as grevilleas and banksias. Several hybrids and cultivars have been developed. They are best grown in beds of light soil which is watered but still well drained.
Some showy western species, such as
, Hakea multilineata and H. francisiana , require H. bucculenta grafting onto hardy stock such as for growing in more humid climates, as they are sensitive to Hakea salicifolia dieback.
Many species, particularly (but not always) Eastern Australian species, are notable for their hardiness, to the point they have become weedy.
, Hakea gibbosa and H. sericea (previously H. drupacea H. suaveolens) have been weeds in South Africa, has become naturalized around Hakea laurina Adelaide, and Hakea salicifolia, Hakea gibbosa and Hakea sericea are invasive weeds in New Zealand.
Hakea decurrens ssp. physocarpa
Species [ edit ]
(Mulloway Needlebush, Wallum Hakea) Hakea actites
(Column Hakea) Hakea aculeata
(Prickly Hakea) Hakea amplexicaulis
(Yellow Hakea, Arrarruwurra ( Hakea arborescens Groote Eylandt), Derinding ( Kununurra))
(Fan Hakea) Hakea baxteri
(Short-winged Hakea) Hakea brachyptera
(Fan-leaf Hakea) Hakea brownii
(Red Pokers) Hakea bucculenta
(Horned-leaf Hakea, Staghorn Hakea) Hakea ceratophylla
(Bootlace Oak, Bull Oak, Corkwood) Hakea chordophylla
Hakea chromatropa [3 ]
(Ashy Hakea, Grey Hakea) Hakea cinerea
(Coastal Hakea) Hakea clavata
(Shell-leaved Hakea) Hakea conchifolia
(Cauliflower Hakea) Hakea corymbosa
(Ribbed Hakea) Hakea costata
(Cup Hakea, Hooded Hakea, Scallops Hakea) Hakea cucullata
(Curved Fruit Hakea. Ram's Horn, Wild Bean) Hakea cyclocarpa
(Elm-seed Hakea) Hakea cycloptera
(Swan-fruit Hakea) Hakea cygna
(Broad-leaved Hakea) Hakea dactyloides
(Stinking Roger) Hakea denticulata
(Corkbark, Needlewood) Hakea divaricata
(previously Hakea drupacea H. suaveolens- Sweet-scented Hakea)
(Oval-leaf Halea) Hakea elliptica
(Flinders Range Hakea, Yantana, Yandena) Hakea edneiana
(Tree Hakea) Hakea eriantha
(Hedgehog Hakea) Hakea erinacea
(Straggly Corkbark, Fork-leaved Ironwood) Hakea eyreana
(Sickle Hakea) Hakea falcata
(Wedge Hakea) Hakea flabellifolia
(Summer Snow) Hakea florida
(Bottlebrush Hakea, Emu Tree, Grass Leaf Hakea, Narakulja) Hakea francisiana
(Gorge Hakea) Hakea fraseri
(Hairy Hakea, Rock Hakea) Hakea gibbosa
(Gilbert's Hakea) Hakea gilbertii
(Barren Range Hakea) Hakea hookeriana
(Holly-leaved Hakea) Hakea ilicifolia
(Marble Hakea) Hakea incrassata
(Ivory's Hakea, Corkbark Corkwood) Hakea ivoryi
(Woolly-flowered Hakea) Hakea lasiantha
(Long-styled Hakea) Hakea lasiocarpha
(Kodjet, Pincushion Hakea) Hakea laurina
(Blue Hakea) Hakea lehmanniana
(Needlewood Hakea, Pin Bush, Water Tree, Ilpeye ( Hakea leucoptera )) Arrernte
(Honeybush Hakea) Hakea lissocarpha
(Mountain Needlewood) Hakea lissosperma
(Corkwood, Witinti) Hakea lorea
(Willow Needlewood) Hakea macraeana
(Dyaridany, Jaradinty) Hakra macrocarpa
(Lesueur Hakea) Hakea megalosperma
(Small fruit Hakea, Adam's Needle) Hakea microcarpa
(Desert Hakea) Hakea muelleriana
(Grass-leaved Hakea) Hakea multilineata
(Myrtle Hakea) Hakea myrtoides
(Pink-flowered Hakea) Hakea neurophylla
(Frog Hakea, Shining Hakea, Tjiridi) Hakea nitida
(Yellow Hakea) Hakea nodosa
(Needles & Corks) Hakea obliqua
(Dungyn, Olive-leaf Hakea) Hakea oleifolia
(Bird Beak Hakea) Hakea orthorrhyncha
(Thick-leaved Hakea. Screw-Pine Hakea) Hakea pandanicarpa
(Sea-urchin Hakea) Hakea petiolaris
(Cricket Ball Hakea, Talking Women, Woody Peach) Hakea platysperma
(Christmas Hakea, Needle Bush, Needle Tree) Hakea preissii
(Harsh Hakea) Hakea prostrata
(Needles and Corks) Hakea psilorrhyncha
(Djanokmurd, Standback) Hakea recurva
(Walukara) Hakea rhombales
(Beaked Hakea, Turkey Gobblers, Kidney Bush) Hakea rostrata
(Dwarf hakea, Wrinkled Hakea) Hakea rugosa
(Candle-spike Hakea) Hakea ruscifolia
(Willow-leaved Hakea) Hakea salicifolia
(Needlebush) Hakea sericea
(Narrow-fruited Hakea) Hakea stenocarpa
(Furrowed Hakes) Hakea sulcata
(Dagger Hakea) Hakea teretifolia
(Hooked Needlewood, Striped Hakea) Hakea tephrosperma
(Two-leaf Hakea) Hakea trifurcata
(Wavy-leaved Hakea) Hakea undulata
(Variable-leaved Hakea) Hakea varia
(Lantern Hakea, Royal Hakea) Hakea victoria
References [ edit ]
Barker WR, Barker RM, Haegi L (1999). "Hakea". In Wilson, Annette (ed.). Flora of Australia: Volume 17B: Proteaceae 3: Hakea to Dryandra. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 1–170. ISBN 0-643-06454-0.
Holliday Ivan (2005). Hakeas:a field and garden guide. Reed New Holland. ISBN 1-877069-14-0.
Young, JA (2006). Hakeas of Western Australia : a field and identification guide. ISBN 978-0-9585778-2-3.
^ Von Hake (*1745-1818*) was a Hanoverian official, among others serving as President of the Royal British and Electoral Brunswick-Lunenburgian Privy Council for the in the years of 1800–1810. Duchies of Bremen and Verden
^ Weston, P.H., and Barker, N.P. (2006). "A new suprageneric classification of the Proteaceae, with annotated checklist of genera". Telopea 11: 314–344.
^ ". Hakea chromatropa" . FloraBase Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia.
Hakea corymbosa from southwest WA
Hakea petiolaris from southwest WA
Hakea bakeriana from NSW Central Coast
Hakea archaeoides, from NSW North Coast
Hakea seed pod, ACT, Aust.
Flower of Hakea laurina (Pincushion Hakea) in Bonbeach, Victoria, Australia
External links [ edit ]