Hakone Tozan Line

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Hakone Tozan Railway 1000 series trainset "Bernina" at Gōra Station
Hakone Tozan Railway 2000 series trainset "St. Moritz" at Odawara Station, in 2006

The Hakone Tozan Line (箱根登山鉄道線 Hakone Tozan Tetsudō-sen?, lit. Hakone Mountain-Climbing Railroad Line) is a mountain railway in Japan operated by the Hakone Tozan Railway. This company belongs to the Odakyu Group, and also owns the Hakone Tozan Cable Car.

The initial stretch of the line from Odawara Station to Hakone-Yumoto Station started operations in 1919, with current terminus Gōra reached in 1930. Since 2006, only Odakyū Odawara Line trains run on the previously dual-gauge section from Odawara Station to Hakone-Yumoto Station. From Gora, visitors can continue up the mountain on the Hakone Tozan Cable Car.

The railroad is capable of climbing one meter vertically for every 12.5 meters of horizontal distance, a maximum slope of 8%. The line traverses Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, so the line was carefully designed to limit the impact on scenery. Due to the difficult conditions, the line has three switchbacks used to ascend particularly tight spots.

Description[edit]

1000 series cars on a gradient of 8%, near Hakone-Yumoto Station (for Tōnosawa)
Dual-gauge section at Iriuda Station
  • Length: 15.0 km (9.3 mi)
  • Gauge:
    • Odawara - Iriuda: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
    • Iriuda - Hakone-Yumoto: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)/1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (dual gauge)
    • Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
  • Stations: 11 (including termini)
  • Track: single
  • Power:
  • Block system: Automatic (cab signal/digital) (CTC)

Stations[edit]

  • Trains: "S" = All stop, "/" = All pass.
Stations/
Signal Stations
Japanese Distance
(km)
Altitude
(m)
Stops Location
(in Kanagawa)
Limited
Express
Local Local
Odawara 小田原   0.0 26 S S   Odawara
Hakone-Itabashi 箱根板橋 1.7 1.7 27 / S
Kazamatsuri 風祭 1.5 3.2 48 / S
Iriuda 入生田 1.0 4.2 66 / S (terminus)
Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本 1.9 6.1 108 S S S Hakone,
Ashigarashimo
District
Tōnosawa 塔ノ沢 1.0 7.1 165 (terminus,
from/to
Shinjuku
(some from/to
Kita-Senju))
(terminus,
from/to
Shin-Matsuda)
S
Deyama Switchback 出山信号場 1.2 8.3 234 /
Ōhiradai 大平台 1.6 9.9 349 S
Kami-Ōhiradai Switchback 上大平台信号場 0.5 10.4 359 /
Sennnindai Signal Stop 仙人台信号場 0.8 11.2 410 /
Miyanoshita 宮ノ下 0.9 12.1 448 S
Kowakidani 小涌谷 1.3 13.4 535 S
Chōkoku-no-Mori 彫刻の森 0.9 14.3 551 S
Gōra 強羅 0.7 15.0 553 S
  • Hakone-Yumoto Station is the terminus for all Hakone Tozan Line trains.
  • On the Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto section, Limited Express "Romancecar" and Local trains run through to and from the Odakyu Odawara Line.
  • Section between Hakone-Yumoto and Gōra is operated by local trains only, using Hakone Tozan 2/3-car EMUs.
    • Trains stop at three signal stops which have no passenger platforms.
    • There are three switchbacks: Deyama, Ōhiradai, and Kami-Ōhiradai.
  • Journey time between Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto is approximately 15 minutes, Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra is approximately 40 minutes, Shinjuku - Hakone-Yumoto is approximately an hour and 25-35 minutes by limited express.

Signal stops[edit]

There are three signal stops on the Hakone Tozan Line in addition to the regular passenger stations. All of them have a siding track and two of them have switchbacks.

Deyama Switchback[edit]

Signal stop with a switchback. 234 m AMSL. 35°13′57″N 139°05′14″E / 35.232402°N 139.087167°E / 35.232402; 139.087167

Kami-Ōhiradai Switchback[edit]

Signal stop with a switchback near Ōhiradai station which also has a switchback. 359 m AMSL. 35°14′08″N 139°04′32″E / 35.235604°N 139.075444°E / 35.235604; 139.075444

Sennindai Signal Stop[edit]

Signal stop without a switchback. 410 m AMSL. 35°14′18″N 139°04′09″E / 35.238215°N 139.069042°E / 35.238215; 139.069042

Rolling stock[edit]

Hakone Tozan Railway (Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra)[edit]

All trains are based at Iriuda Depot.

Former[edit]

Odakyu Electric Railway (Shinjuku - Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto)[edit]

Romancecar EMUs[edit]

Commuter EMUs[edit]

History[edit]

  • October 1, 1888: Odawara Horse-drawn Railway opens from Kōzu Station via Odawara Station, to Hakone-Yumoto Station.
  • October 31, 1896: Operating company name is changed to Odawara Electric Railway.
  • March 21, 1900: Line is electrified (as a tram, 600 V DC).
  • June 1, 1919: Line opens between Hakone-Yumoto and Gōra as an electrified (600 V DC) funicular railway.
  • December 16, 1920: Tram line closes between Kōzu - Odawara, and connected with the JGR (now JR) Tōkaidō Main Line at Odawara.
  • August 16, 1928: Hakone Tozan Railway is founded.
  • October 1, 1935: Mainline railway is extended from Hakone-Yumoto to Odawara. Tram line remains between Odawara - Hakone-Itabashi, and is renamed the "Odawara Town Line".
  • December 20, 1940: Tram section is renamed "Odawara City Line".
  • June 1, 1948: Hakone Tozan Railway becomes part of the Odakyu Group.
  • August 1, 1950: Odakyu Electric Railway begins operating Limited Express and Express trains from Shinjuku to Hakone-Yumoto. The line voltage is changed to 1,500 V DC for the dual gauge section between Odawara and Hakone-Yumoto.
  • June 1, 1956: Odawara City Line (tram) is abandoned.
  • July 14, 1993: Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra section is uprated from 600 to 750 V DC. Operations start using 3-car EMUs.
  • March 18, 2006: Hakone Tozan Railway discontinues operation using its own units between Odawara and Hakone-Yumoto. Dual-gauge section reduced to Iriuda - Hakone-Yumoto.
  • March 15, 2008: New Odakyu "Romancecar" through service starts from Kita-Senju Station.

Microsoft Train Simulator[edit]

This route appears in Microsoft Train Simulator complete with scenarios simulating prototypical operation (Only from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "箱根登山鉄道3000形を導入" [Hakone Tozan Railway to introduce 3000 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 

External links[edit]