Hakor

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Hakor
Achoris
Granodiorite fragmentary statue torsi of the pharaoh Hakor, circa 393-381 BC, Now at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Granodiorite fragmentary statue torsi of the pharaoh Hakor, circa 393-381 BC, Now at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign 393–380 BC, 29th Dynasty
Predecessor Psammuthes
Successor Nepherites II
Children Nepherites II
Died 380 BC

Hakor, or Akoris, was the Pharaoh of Egypt from 393 BC to 380 BC. Hakor overthrew his predecessor Psammuthes and falsely proclaimed himself to be the grandson of Nepherites I, founder of the 29th Dynasty, on his monuments in order to legitimise his kingship.[2] While Hakor ruled Egypt for only 13 years, his reign is important for the enormous number of buildings which he constructed and for his extensive restoration work on the monuments of his royal predecessors.[2]

Reign[edit]

Early in his reign, Hakor revolted against his overlord, the Persian King Artaxerxes. In 390 BC, he concluded a tripartite alliance with Evagoras, king of Cyprus, and Athens. This alliance led Persia to begin supporting Sparta in the Corinthian War, which eventually led to the ending of that war by the Peace of Antalcidas in 387/6 BC. In it, Artaxerxes II proclaimed his authority over the cities of Asia Minor and Cyprus gave full autonomy to the Greek city states of mainland Greece as long as they did not make war on him.[2]

After the end of that war, Persia turned its attention to Egypt, but Hakor, supported by the Athenian general Chabrias, held them off in a three year war between 385 and 383 BC.[3] Hakor died in 380 BC and was succeeded by his son Nepherites II, but Nepherites was overthrown by Nectanebo I within a year, thus ending the dynasty.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaoh, Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1994. p.203
  2. ^ a b c Clayton, p.203
  3. ^ John V.A. Fine, The Ancient Greeks: A critical history (Harvard University Press, 1983), p.558

Further reading[edit]

Preceded by
Psammuthes
Pharaoh of Egypt Succeeded by
Nepherites II