Hakozaki Shrine

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Hakozaki Shrine's rōmon

Hakozaki Shrine (筥崎宮 Hakozaki-gū?) is a Shintō shrine in Fukuoka .[1]

History[edit]

Calligraphy Tekikoku kōfuku

Hakozaki Shrine was founded in 923, with the transfer of the spirit of the kami Hachiman from Daibu Hachiman Shrine in what is Honami Commandry, Chikuzen Province in Kyūshū.

Japanese samurai defending the stone barrier -- from the narrative picture scroll Mōko Shūrai Ekotoba, which was painted between 1275 and 1293.[2]

During the first Mongol invasion on November 19, 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month), the Japanese defenders were pushed back from the several landing sites.[3] In the ensuring skirmishes, the shrine was burned to the ground.[4] When the shrine was reconstructed, a calligraphy Tekikoku kōfuku (敵国降伏) was put on the tower gate. The calligraphy was written by Emperor Daigo, dedicated by Emperor Daijo Kameyama to supplicated to defeat enemies who invade.

The shrine is highly ranked among the many shrines in Japan. It was listed in Engishiki-jinmyōchō (延喜式神名帳) edited in 927. In 11th century or 12th century, the shrine was ranked as Ichinomiya (一宮; first shrine) of Chikuzen Province.

Admiral Heihachiro Togo, famous for defeating Russia on the seas, was known to worship often at Hakozaki shrine.

From 1871-1946, Hakozaki was officially designated a Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), in the first rank of government supported shrines. Other similar Hachiman shrines were Iwashimizu Hachiman-gu of Yawata in Kyoto Prefecture and Usa Shrine of Usa in Ōita Prefecture.[5]

Shinto belief[edit]

Hakozaki Shrine is dedicated to the veneration of the kami Hachiman.[6] This shrine especially venerates the memories of Emperor Ōjin, Empress Jingū and Tamayori-bime.[7]

Treasures[edit]

A number of structures in the shrine complex have been designated as important cultural asset of Japan, including the main hall, the worship hall, tower gate and the main Torii, Ichino-torii.[7]

Festivals[edit]

The annual Tamaseseri Festival (January 3) and the Hojoya Festival (September 12–18) attract many to visit the shrine.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p. 339.
  2. ^ Mongol Invasions of Japan
  3. ^ Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
  4. ^ Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400, p. 66.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 124-126.
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Shrines, p. 195.
  7. ^ a b c Fukuoka/Hakata Tourist Information website: Hakozaki Shrine.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 33°36′52″N 130°25′24″E / 33.61444°N 130.42333°E / 33.61444; 130.42333

External links[edit]