Haldia

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Haldia
হলদিয়া
Industrial City
City
Haldia is located in West Bengal
Haldia
Haldia
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°02′N 88°04′E / 22.03°N 88.06°E / 22.03; 88.06Coordinates: 22°02′N 88°04′E / 22.03°N 88.06°E / 22.03; 88.06
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Medinipur
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,762
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03224 42200
Lok Sabha constituency Tamluk
Vidhan Sabha constituency Haldia
Website www.haldiatourism.com

Haldia is a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a major riverport and industrial belt located approximately 50 kilometres southwest of Calcutta near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. The population in 2011 was 200,762.

Haldia is being developed as a major trade port for Calcutta (Kolkata), intended mainly for bulk cargoes. The industrial city has several major factories, including South Asian Petrochemicals Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Exide, Shaw Wallace, Tata Chemicals, Haldia Petrochemicals and Hindustan Lever, in addition to various light industries. The port has attracted Major International Petrochemicals Companies, like Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC). Mitsubishi Chemicals has the Second Largest Terephthalic Acid Producing Plant in Haldia.[1]

The Haldia Township is bordered by the Haldi River an offshoot of the Ganges River. The riverside in Haldia is a favorite destination for residents and one can see people strolling down the riverside during the evenings. A catamaran service used to operate from Kolkata to Haldia, but was withdrawn due to its high price and a decreasing number of passengers.

Haldia is also a base of Indian Coast Guard. There is a hoverport to house two of the six hovercrafts belonging to the Indian Coast Guard. It is one of the major ports in India.

Geography[edit]

Haldia is located at 22°02′N 88°04′E / 22.03°N 88.06°E / 22.03; 88.06.[2] It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Haldia had a population of 200,762, out of which 104,852 were males and 95,910 were females. The 0–6 years population was 21,122. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 89.06 per cent.[3]

Climate[edit]

Haldia
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
6
 
26
13
 
 
23
 
29
16
 
 
33
 
33
21
 
 
51
 
36
25
 
 
128
 
35
25
 
 
330
 
34
26
 
 
321
 
32
26
 
 
313
 
32
26
 
 
291
 
32
26
 
 
159
 
31
24
 
 
33
 
30
19
 
 
15
 
26
14
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[4]

Haldia has a typical moderate climate with winter temperatures ranging from a low of around 7 degrees Celsius to a high of 22 degrees Celsius. Summers can be very hot and humid. Usual summer temperatures in May, the hottest month range from a low of 24 degrees to highs around 39 degrees. Rainfall is heavy during monsoons, and the rainy months are between May and September.

Transportation[edit]

Haldia is connected to Kolkata by both bus and train. Recent efforts have seen introduction of new air-conditioned buses which takes less than three hours from the place to Kolkata.[citation needed] Haldia is also connected via the 1620 km long inland waterway, National Waterway 1 that runs from Allahabad across Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river system to Haldia (Sagar).

Education[edit]

The main schools are St. Xavier's High School (CBSE & WBBSE- for next 2 years), The Assembly of God Church School (ICSE & ISC), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (CBSE) Haldia Govt. Spon. Vivekanada Vidyabhaban (WBBSE), Manoharpur High School (WBBSE), Vivekananda mission (ICSE), Poura Path Bhavan (WBBSE), Tagore Public School New Colony Durgachak (CBSE), Kendriya Vidyalaya, Vivekananda Mission Asram Sikshayatan, Debhog Shyamacharan Milan Vidyapith, Haldia High School, Labanya Prava Balika Vidyalaya, Saradamoni Balika Vidyalya, Nibedita High School, Joynagar High School, Deulpota High School,Coast Guard KG School at Azad Hind Nagar.

Colleges include Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia Government College, Haldia Law College and Haldia Paramedical College, Global Institute of Science and Technology, Haldia Institute of Dental Sciences & Research, ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Haldia Institute of Maritime Studies and Research , two hotel management colleges and a government college.

Haldia also has the "Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology" (CIPET) that caters to the need of plastic and polymer industries.

Sports[edit]

The township has lot of open space and so one can see a lot of sporting activities (primarily soccer and cricket). The schools have large playgrounds and enthusiasm among both elders and juniors is palpable during weekend matches. Haldia is going to get Bengal's second "International Cricket Stadium" after "Eden Garden". Here, for development of football, two big associations named IFA (Indian Football Association) and TFA (Tata Football Academy), have been operating.

A new project called Haldia International Sports City is under construction. It is first of its kind in India. Shristi Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd, a subsidiary of Srei Capital, is the developer. It is expected to be completed in 5 years.

Dalimbachak Vidyasagar Smriti Sangha is one of more famous clubs in Haldia. It was formed in 1993 by Sachinandan Sandhyaki. At that time club-secretary was Pranabananda Sandhyaki and Club-president was Sk. Osman Ali. They arrange annual sports event and cultural program every year.

Haldia Township[edit]

Haldia Township is situated near the juncture of the Ganges and Haldi rivers. It is divided into more than 24 clusters and most of these have quarter arrangements for employees of different companies mainly PSUs. . It is a good residential locality with markets, schools like St. Xavier's, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Assembly of God church, Vivekananda Mission, Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, Buds.

Shopping malls and entertainment zones like City Centre are present, and proposal for a new IT-SEZ is in process.

Haldia is also the Eastern Command Headquarters of the Indian Coast Guard.

Brajanathchak[edit]

Brajanathchak (also called Jibananda Das Nagar) is a well planned residential area constructed in the vicinity of Haldia Township. Plots of lands were identified and distributed by the Haldia Development Authority to the residents. The area has been designed for public residential purpose. This area is well connected through the newly constructed Haldia-Balughata bypass road. The Haldia bus depot is walking distance from Brajalalchak.

Brajalalchak[edit]

Brajalalchak is located at the junction of the Haldia-Balughata bypass road and the National Highway NH-41. It is a small locality and the riverside road starts from here. Brajalalchak is one of the oldest localities in Haldia.

Sataku[edit]

The Japanese community of Haldia are mostly engineers and top executives at Mitsubishi Chemicals Corporation’s (MCC) PTA (Purified Terephthalic Acid) plant in the city. The community have been living in the mini Japanese township called Sataku (Japantown) for many years. Sataku has many Japanese restaurants and a local Japanese news station. Japanese movies are shown in local theaters. Haldia is the only Indian city to have a Japantown.

The commissioning of the PTA plant and subsequent expansions have seen the arrival of many Japanese executives. While a few have returned, many stayed back in this quaint township, thousands of miles away from their home land. The next phase of expansion promises to bring in more Japanese expatriates to this new industrial hub in West Bengal.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Haldia
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  4. ^ "Climate History for Haldia". Weather 2. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  5. ^ : Expats in new India

External links[edit]

  • Haldia travel guide from Wikivoyage