Hale, Greater Manchester

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Hale
Hale clock tower 2005.jpg
Hale Millennium clock tower
Hale is located in Greater Manchester
Hale
Hale
 Hale shown within Greater Manchester
Population 15,315 
OS grid reference SJ7686
Metropolitan borough Trafford
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Altrincham
Postcode district WA15
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Altrincham and Sale
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°22′29″N 2°21′12″W / 53.3746°N 2.3533°W / 53.3746; -2.3533

Hale is a village and electoral ward within the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It is contiguous with the southeast of Altrincham, about 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the city of Manchester.

The earliest documented reference to Hale is in the Domesday Book of 1086, although the name of the settlement is probably as old as 7th or 8th century.[citation needed] The area was mostly agricultural. Hale grew in the Middle Ages to the point when Hale Barns was established as a separate settlement. Hale was historically in Cheshire.

Hale, Bowdon and Hale Barns together encompass some of the wealthiest parts of England.[2]

History[edit]

The toponym "Hale" derives from the Old English halh, meaning a nook or shelter,[3] as supported by the surrounding area that has natural features that provide shelter. The name Hale occurs in a number of places throughout Britain.

The oldest record of Hale is in the Domesday Book of 1086. However, what little evidence there is – in the form of etymology and a few surviving records of events in the area – points to Saxons settling the area in the 7th century. The Domesday Book records that in the reign of Edward the Confessor in the mid-11th century a Saxon thegn, Ælfward, held the manor of Hale, and after the Norman conquest of England his lands were held by the Norman Hamon de Massey who also gained Dunham and Bowdon.[4] The Massey family remained barons of this area until the mid-14th century, due to the extinction of the Massey line. A this time Hale was divided between the Booths of Dunham – the family that became the Earls of Stamford – and two other owners.[5] Throughout this period the area around Hale was mainly agricultural.

Hale expanded and prospered over throughout the Middle Ages to the extent that by the middle of the 15th century a tithe barn had been established in Hale Barns – the value of the tithe taken from Hale was more than double that of any other township in the Bowdon parish. The growth of Hale resulted in the establishment of Hale Barns as a separate settlement to the east. Previously Hale Barns had merely been an isolated extension of the main settlement of Hale, but the first explicit reference to the village of Hale Barns is in documentation from 1616.[6]

The Cheshire Midland Railway (later the Cheshire Lines Committee) opened from Altrincham to Knutsford on 22 May 1862 with a station in Hale named Peel Causeway. It was the arrival of the railway in Hale in the mid-19th century that prompted the change from an agricultural village to a commuter area for middle class merchants working in the city.[7] The station was renamed Hale in 1902.

Governance[edit]

Between 1900 and 1974, Hale lay within the Hale Urban District of the administrative county of Cheshire.[8] As part of local government reforms, on 1 April 1974, Hale Urban District was abolished and its territory amalgamated into the new Metropolitan Borough of Trafford of Greater Manchester.

Hale Central ward has three out of 63 seats on Trafford Borough Council, and as of the 2012 local election all three seats were held by the Conservative Party. The current councillors for Hale Central are Chris Candish, Alan Mitchell, and Patricia Young.[9] Hale forms part of the Altrincham and Sale West Constituency and is represented in the House of Commons by the Conservative Member of Parliament; since the constituency was formed in 1997 it has been represented by Graham Brady.[10]

Geography[edit]

Hale is southeast of Altrincham with the villages of Hale Barns and Bowdon to the east and west respectively. Hale is bounded by the River Bollin to the south and Altrincham Golf Course to the north. The local geology consists of sand and gravel deposited in the last ice age. In common with much of Cheshire, the bedrock of Hale is mainly sandstone.[11]

Sub-districts

Demography[edit]

Hale compared
2001 UK census Hale[12] Trafford[13] England
Total population 15,315 205,357 49,138,831
White 93.6% 89.7 91%
Asian 4.1% 4.6 4.6%
Black 0.3% 0.7 2.3%

According to the Office for National Statistics, at the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, Hale had a population of 15,315. The 2001 population density was 2,847 per km², with a 100 to 96.6 female-to-male ratio.[14] Of those over 16 years old, 25.5% were single (never married) and 56.2% married.[15] Hale's 6,198 households included 26.0% one-person, 45.8% married couples living together, 5.3% were co-habiting couples, and 5.6% single parents with their children.[16] Of those aged 16–74, 13.7% had no academic qualifications, significantly lower than the averages of Trafford (24.7%) and England (28.9%).[13][17]

In 1931, 26.4% of Hale's population was middle class compared with 14% in England and Wales, and by 1971, this had increased to 56.3% compared with 24% nationally. Parallel to this doubling of the middle classes in Hale was the decline of the working class population. In 1931, 14.9% were working class compared with 36% in England and Wales; by 1971, this had decreased to 10.6% in Hale and 26% nationwide. The rest of the population was made up of clerical workers and skilled manual workers or other miscellaneous.[18] This shows that Hale is an affluent suburb, alongside neighbouring Bowdon. Hale was named by The Daily Telegraph as the 12th most expensive place in Britain with house prices 194% higher than those in surrounding areas and having increased by 78% since 2003.[19]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Hale since 1801
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 1991 2001
Population 783 929 958 945 974 995 1,160 1,711 2,222 3,114 4,562 8,351 9,300 10,667 13,208 12,152 14,800 17,065 15,868 15,315
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[20][21]

Economy[edit]

Hale compared
2001 UK Census Hale[22] Trafford[23] England
Population of working age 10,672 151,445 35,532,091
Full-time employment 37.6% 43.4% 40.8%
Part-time employment 11.5% 11.9% 11.8%
Self-employed 14.5% 8.0% 8.3%
Unemployed 1.6% 2.7% 3.3%
Retired 16.6% 13.9% 13.5%

According to the 2001 UK census, the industry of employment of residents aged 16–74 was 24.7% property and business services, 14.5% retail and wholesale, 12.1% health and social work, 10.7% manufacturing, 9.9% education, 6.3% transport and communications, 4.6% finance, 4.1% construction, 3.6% hotels and restaurants, 3.3% public administration, 0.6% agriculture, 0.6% energy and water supply, 0.1% mining, and 5.0% other. Compared with national figures, Hale had a relatively high percentage of residents working in property, and a relatively low percentage working in agriculture, public administration, and manufacturing.[24] The census recorded the economic activity of residents aged 16–74, 1.7% students were with jobs, 4.6% students without jobs, 7.3% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled, and 2.2% economically inactive for other reasons.[22] The 1.6% unemployment rate of Hale was low compared with the national rate of 3.3%, and the proportion of people who were self-employed was significantly higher than the national average of 8.3.[23]

Religion[edit]

At the 2001 UK census, 71.2% of Hale's residents reported themselves as being Christian, 6.9% Jewish, 3.1% Muslim, 1.2% Hindu, 0.2% Buddhist, and 0.1% Sikh. The census recorded 10.9% as having no religion, 0.1% had an alternative religion and 6.3% did not state their religion.[25]

St. Peter's Church of England church was built in 1892 and is a fine example of late Victorian architecture. Hale Chapel was established in Hale Barns by Nonconformists in 1723 on what is now Chapel Lane. It underwent alterations around 1880. The Chapel is the earliest place of worship in either Hale or Hale Barns and is a Grade II* listed building. It also features an eighteenth-century pulpit and nineteenth-century stained glass.[26]

The Hale & District Hebrew Congregation was founded in 1976. Having started in a flat, the community moved to their current synagogue on Shay Lane in 1978. The move was necessary due to increasing attendance. The original Shule and Community Centre building in Hale served its members for 20 years until the community outgrew its facilities. In 2002, a rebuilding project was launched, forcing the congregation to hold its services in a tent in a neighbouring field for 16 months, until the new Hale Shule and P.J. Davis Community Centre was consecrated and opened in March 2003.

In July 2003 the former St David’s Church on Grove Lane, Hale was converted it into a Mosque by the Altrincham Muslim Association. The Mosque serves the Muslim community of Hale and families who live in the outlying areas of Lymm, Mobberley, Bucklow Hill, Mere and Knutsford.[27]

Transport[edit]

The platforms of Hale railway station in 1988

Hale is near the transport interchange in Altrincham and has regular bus services to Hale and Hale Barns. The village is also west of Manchester Airport. Hale railway station, in the centre of Hale, is on the Mid-Cheshire Line between Chester and Manchester.

Landmarks and culture[edit]

Royd House is situated on Hale Road. The house was designed by architect Edgar Wood and built for himself as his home. It is regarded as one of the most advanced examples of early-20th century domestic architecture and is referenced in a number of architectural digests. Royd House is a Grade I listed building.[28]

Hale Library is situated in Leigh Road. The centre of Hale village has a bowling green. A crown green bowling green is attached the Bull's Head public house in Hale Barns. There are many parks, including Stamford Park named after Earl of Stamford, who lived at Dunham Massey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - G to H. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  2. ^ Davies, Helen (24 February 2008). "The most expensive streets in the country". The Times (London). Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Dore (1972), p. 12.
  4. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 27.
  5. ^ Dore (1972), p. 152.
  6. ^ Mike Nevell (1998). Lands and Lordships in Tameside. Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. ISBN 1-871324-18-1. 
  7. ^ Dore (1972), p. 82.
  8. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Hale UD through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 16 February 2007. 
  9. ^ "Hale Central Councillors in this Ward". Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Altrincham and Sale West". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 3.
  12. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS06 Ethnic group Page white excel.png. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "Trafford Metropolitan Borough key statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  14. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  15. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS04 Marital status Page white excel.png. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  16. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS20 Household composition Page white excel.png. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  17. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS13 Qualifications and students Page white excel.png. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  18. ^ "Hale social class". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 December 2008. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Britain's richest towns: 20 - 11". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). 18 April 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  20. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 87.
  21. ^ "Greater Manchester Urban Area". United Kingdom Census 1991. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 October 2008. 
  22. ^ a b "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS09a Economic activity - all people Page white excel.png. Retrieved 17 April 2009. 
  23. ^ a b "Trafford Local Authority economic activity". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2009. 
  24. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS11a Industry of employment - all people Page white excel.png. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  25. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS07 Religion Page white excel.png. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  26. ^ "Images of England: Hale Chapel". English Heritage. 2001. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  27. ^ "Welcome to AMA-Online". ama-online.org.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  28. ^ "Royd House". Images of England. Retrieved 4 February 2007. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]