Hale County, Alabama

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Hale County, Alabama
Hale County Courthouse 001.jpg
Hale County Courthouse in Greensboro
Map of Alabama highlighting Hale County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded January 30, 1867
Named for Stephen F. Hale
Seat Greensboro
Largest city Greensboro
Area
 • Total 657 sq mi (1,702 km2)
 • Land 644 sq mi (1,668 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 1.9%
Population
 • (2010) 15,760
 • Density 24/sq mi (9.4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hale County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,760.[1] Its county seat is Greensboro.[2] It is named in honor of Confederate officer Stephen Fowler Hale.[3]

Hale County is part of the Tuscaloosa, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Hale County was established following the end of the American Civil War, on January 30, 1867. Located in the west-central section of the state, it was created from portions of Greene, Marengo, Perry, and Tuscaloosa counties. The vast majority came from Greene County. The first American settlers hailed from Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and the Carolinas.[4][5]

Hale County is connected to three major twentieth century artists: Walker Evans photographed the area in 1936 while he collaborated with James Agee on the 1941 book Let Us Now Praise Famous Men. Since the 1960s, artist William Christenberry, born in Tuscaloosa, has been photographing various structures in Hale County as part of his multi-media artistic investigations. More recently, Hale County has become the home of the nationally-recognized Auburn University Rural Studio, an architectural outreach program founded by architect and artist Samuel Mockbee and D. K. Ruth.[5] It is also the birthplace of Eugene Sawyer, the second African American mayor of Chicago.[6]

Since the American Civil War, whites controlled economic and political power in Hale County. However, in 1997 after a highly contested mayoral election the city of Greensboro elected its first African American mayor, John E. Owens Jr., and appointed its first African American police chief, Claude E. Hamilton. In 2006, county residents elected their first African American sheriff, Kenneth W. Ellis, who was formerly the Moundville police chief.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 644 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.9%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 21,792
1880 26,553 21.8%
1890 27,501 3.6%
1900 31,011 12.8%
1910 27,883 −10.1%
1920 24,289 −12.9%
1930 26,265 8.1%
1940 25,533 −2.8%
1950 20,832 −18.4%
1960 19,537 −6.2%
1970 15,888 −18.7%
1980 15,604 −1.8%
1990 15,498 −0.7%
2000 17,185 10.9%
2010 15,760 −8.3%
Est. 2013 15,406 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,760 people residing in the county. 59.0% were Black or African American, 39.8% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 17,185 people, 6,415 households, and 4,605 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 7,756 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 39.83% White, 58.95% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,415 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.60% were married couples living together, 22.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males.

The Safe House Museum in Greensboro, Alabama

The median income for a household in the county was $25,807, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $28,493 versus $19,363 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,661. About 22.20% of families and 26.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.00% of those under age 18 and 26.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Farquhar Cattle Ranch, a former Alabama Department of Corrections facility for men,[13] was in an unincorporated area of the county, about 8 miles (13 km) east of Greensboro.[14]

Tourism[edit]

Greensboro, the county seat, is home to the 'Safe House Museum'. On March 21, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. attended a meeting at Greensboro's St. Matthew Church, and then spent the night in this house where he sought refuge from the Ku Klux Klan. The museum reveals the struggle for equality for African Americans in Alabama, and its curator, Ms. Theresa Burroughs, was both a family friend of King, and a foot soldier in the Civil Rights Movement.[5][15]

Greensboro is also home to a large number of antebellum-era houses and churches, including some that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places such as Glencairn and Magnolia Grove.[5][16]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147. 
  4. ^ "Alabama Counties: Hale County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. State of Alabama. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Hale County". The Encyclopedia of Alabama. Auburn University. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ Former Mayor Eugene Sawyer Dies, Chicago Tribune, January 20, 2008 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ "Farquhar Cattle Ranch" (Archive). Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on June 17, 2014. "Street Address: 1132 County Rd. 73 Greensboro, AL 36744"
  14. ^ "Crime Beat" (Archive). Tuscaloosa News. Monday April 9, 2012. Retrieved on June 17, 2014.
  15. ^ "Safehouse Black History Museum at Greensboro, Alabama". Rural Southwest Alabama. April 25, 2012. Retrieved Feb 2013. 
  16. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°45′39″N 87°37′47″W / 32.76083°N 87.62972°W / 32.76083; -87.62972