Hale Creek

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Coordinates: 37°23′00″N 122°05′25″W / 37.38333°N 122.09028°W / 37.38333; -122.09028
Hale Creek
stream
Country United States
State California
Region Santa Clara County
Tributaries
 - left Summerville Creek
 - right Magdalena Creek, Loyola Creek
Source Foothills in Rancho San Antonio Open Space Preserve
 - location Los Altos Hills, California
 - elevation 950 ft (290 m)
 - coordinates 37°20′46″N 122°08′08″W / 37.34611°N 122.13556°W / 37.34611; -122.13556 [1]
Mouth Permanente Creek
 - location Mountain View, California
 - elevation 108 ft (33 m) [1]
 - coordinates 37°23′00″N 122°05′25″W / 37.38333°N 122.09028°W / 37.38333; -122.09028 [1]

Hale Creek is a short stream originating in the foothills of Los Altos Hills, California in Santa Clara County, California, United States. Its source is in the Rancho San Antonio Open Space Preserve upstream and east of Neary Quarry. The creek flows northeasterly 4.6 miles (7.4 km)[2] through the cities of Los Altos Hills, Los Altos, and Mountain View before joining Permanente Creek.

History[edit]

Hale Creek is named for Joseph P. Hale, who at one time owned most of the Rancho San Antonio land grant.[3] Hale was one of the largest land owners in the west, thanks to marrying the daughter of a large Spanish grant holder. He bought 2,000 acres of Juana Briones’ original ranch and was one of Los Altos’ earliest large land owners. He and four other families lived on the Hale Ranch.[4]

In the 1930s Neary Rock Quarry was dug on upper Hale Creek.[5] The quarry supplied base rock for the construction of Moffett Field and crushed rock for Highway 101 and I280.[6] After a 12 year long approval process, developer John Vidovich got Los Altos Hills approval in February, 2006 to build the Quarry Hills subdivision, consisting of 22 upscale homes (down from 78) and an eleven acre lake, by damming the outflow from the quarry to Hale Creek.[7]

Below Neary Quarry the Juan Prado Mesa Preserve is a Los Altos Hills Open Space Preserve that follows Hale Creek and can be accessed at the top from Stonebrook Road and at the bottom from Dawson Drive.[8] Juan Prado Mesa was born in Santa Clara in 1806, grandson of Corporal José Valerio Mesa who came to California with the Anza Expedition, and served as a soldier at the San Francisco Presidio becoming Alférez in 1835. Governor Juan Alvarado granted the 7,982-acre (32.30 km2) Rancho San Antonio to Juan Prado Mesa in 1839.[9]

Watershed[edit]

Hale Creek drains an area of approximately 5 square miles (13 km2) and has three minor tributaries.[10] The Geographic Names Information System show its source at about 950 feet (290 m) elevation just north of the Chamise Trail in the Rancho San Antonio Open Space Preserve in the little valley that flows easterly down to the north side of Neary Quarry.[11] According to the Oakland Museum's map Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks, Hale Creek's tributaries (heading downstream) are Magdalena Creek on the right, then Summerville Creek on the left, then Loyola Creek on the right - all entering Hale Creek upstream of Interstate 280.[10] Hale Creek terminates at its confluence with Permanente Creek at Mountain View Avenue in Mountain View just west of St. Joseph School and south of McKelvey Park.[1]

Hale Creek is part of the Santa Clara Valley Water District's (SCVWD) Permanente Creek Flood Protection Project which aims to install overflow basins along Hale and Permanente Creeks to catch one hundred year flood waters in order to protect 1,664 parcels (1,378 homes, 160 businesses and 4 schools/institutions) downstream of El Camino Real (saving potential damages in excess of $47.9 million) and prevent flooding of Middlefield Road and Central Expressway, by 12/30/2016 and also to identify opportunities for environmental enhancement such as stream restoration, as well as trails, parks, and open space.[12] From its confluence with Permanente Creek upstream to Rose/Rosita Avenue, the channel has been set in a straight concrete channel to move storm flows - at Marilyn Drive it is dated 1952 and at Arboleda Drive it is dated 1960. The concrete sides transition smoothly from rectangle to trapezoid just over 30 feet north of Arboleda Drive. However the SCVWD has recently proposed widening and/or deepening this concrete channel.[13]

Ecology[edit]

A fish distribution study found no Steelhead Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) at two locations sampled in August 1981.[14] However, the fact that Hale Creek is tributary to a historic trout stream (Permanente Creek) suggests that steelhead may have used the stream.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hale Creek
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed September 25, 2011
  3. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). Durham's Place Names of California's San Francisco Bay Area: Includes Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Contra Costa, Alameda, Solano & Santa Clara counties. Word Dancer Press, Sanger, California. p. 639. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  4. ^ Patricia Leach (2011-04). City of Los Altos Historic Resources Inventory (Report). City of Los Altos. p. II-12. http://www.ci.los-altos.ca.us/committees-commissions/historical/documents/hri/HRI%20Section%20II,%20Historic%20Context.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
  5. ^ "Has Neary Quarry Reached Its Angle of Repose?". Los Altos Town Crier. 2006-01-25. 
  6. ^ Los Altos Hills General Plan 4 Conservation - Conservation Element (Report). Los Altos Hills. 2007-04-26. http://www.losaltoshills.ca.gov/docs/browse/doc_download/114-general-plan-4-conservation. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  7. ^ "Comment and Editorial". Los Altos Town Crier. 1996-03-06. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  8. ^ "Los Altos Hills Open Space". Los Altos Hills, California. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  9. ^ Numa Hubert (1862). Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California: June term, 1853, to June term, 1858, inclusive, Volume 1. San Francisco, California. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  10. ^ a b Robert W. Givler, Janet M. Sowers, & Peter Vorster (2006). Upper Stevens & Permanente Creeks Watershed Map, in Creek & Watershed Maps of West Santa Clara Valley. Oakland Museum of California. ISBN 1-882140-27-3. 
  11. ^ "Hale Creek". USGS. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  12. ^ "Permanente Creek Flood Protection Project". Santa Clara Valley Water District. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  13. ^ Claudia Cruz (2011-09-15). "Water District: Two Alternatives For Flood Control Affect Los Altos and Los Altos Hills". Los Altos Patch. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  14. ^ Leidy, R.A., G.S. Becker, B.N. Harvey (2005). "Historical distribution and current status of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams of the San Francisco Estuary, California.". Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration, Oakland, CA. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 

External links[edit]