Halebidu

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Halebeedu
city
Profile of Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Profile of Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Halebeedu is located in Karnataka
Halebeedu
Halebeedu
Coordinates: 13°12′57″N 75°59′29″E / 13.2157°N 75.9914°E / 13.2157; 75.9914Coordinates: 13°12′57″N 75°59′29″E / 13.2157°N 75.9914°E / 13.2157; 75.9914
Country India
State Karnataka
District Hassan district
Elevation 880 m (2,890 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 8,962
Ethnicity
 • Ethnic groups {{{demographics2_info1}}}
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 08172

Halebidu (literally "old city") is located in Hassan District, Karnataka, India. Halebidu (which was previously called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) was the regal capital of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century. It is home to some of the best examples of Hoysala architecture. Most notable are the ornate Hoysaleswara and Kedareswara temples. The city got the name "Halebidu" because it was rsacked two times during the invasion of Mallik Kafur.

History[edit]

Halebidu was the 12th-13th century capital of the Hoysalas. The Hoysaleswara temple was built during this time by Ketamala and attributed to King Vishnuvardhana,[1] the Hoysala ruler. It enshrines Hoysaleswara and Shantaleswara, named after King Vishnuvardhana Hoysala and his Queen Shantala Devi.[2]

Then it was sacked by the armies of Malik Kafur in the early 14th century, after which it fell into a state of disrepair and neglect.[2]

Temple complex[edit]

The decorated outer wall of the main temple

The temple complex comprises two Hindu temples, the Hoysaleshawara and Kedareshwara temples and two Jain basadi. In front of these temples there is a big lake. The town gets its name from the lake, Dwara samudhra which means entrance from ocean[clarification needed]. The two Nandi statues which are on the side of the Hoysaleshwara temple are monolithic. Soap stone or Chloritic Schist was used for the construction of these temples. However a number of sculptures in the temple are destroyed by invaders. So the temple is incomplete. Halebid means old abode. There is an archeological museum in the temple complex.

The Hoysaleswara temple, dating back to the 1121 C.E., is astounding for its wealth of sculptural details. The walls of the temple are covered with an endless variety of depictions from Hindu mythology, animals, birds and Shilabalikas or dancing figures. Yet no two sculptures of the temple are the same. This magnificent temple guarded by a Nandi Bull was never completed, despite 86 years of labour. The Jain basadi nearby are equally rich in sculptural detail. Belur and Halebid are 222 and 216 km from Bangalore, respectively. This temple is now being proposed as UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Laxminarayan Idol at Halebidu

Gallery[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Hoysaleshvara Temple, Halebidu
Profile of Kedareshwara Temple, Halebidu

Halebidu is just 16 km away from the one more historical place Belur. It is well connected by road and rail to Bangalore, Mysore and Mangalore. There are regular buses to Hassan. The distance is 149 km to Mysore and 31 km to Hassan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Temples at Belur and Halebidu". helabidu originally means Hela empire where Ravan the hela empire ruined over Bharath with his mighty power.Helabidu really means owns to king of Hela. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  2. ^ a b "Halebidu - Temples of Karnataka". TempleNet.com. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  • Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983.

External links[edit]