Haledon, New Jersey
|Haledon, New Jersey|
|Borough of Haledon|
American Labor Museum
Map of Haledon in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Haledon, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 21, 1908|
|• Mayor||Domenick Stampone (term ends December 31, 2014)|
|• Administrator (acting) / clerk||Allan R. Susen|
|• Total||1.156 sq mi (2.993 km2)|
|• Land||1.155 sq mi (2.991 km2)|
|• Water||0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2) 0.08%|
|Area rank||491st of 566 in state
15th of 16 in county
|Elevation||217 ft (66 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2013)||8,385|
|• Rank||277th of 566 in state
14th of 16 in county
|• Density||7,203.9/sq mi (2,781.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||56th of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07508, 07538|
|GNIS feature ID||0885240|
Haledon (pronounced HALE-dun) is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,318, reflecting an increase of 66 (+0.8%) from the 8,252 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,301 (+18.7%) from the 6,951 counted in the 1990 Census.
Haledon was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1908, replacing the now-defunct Manchester Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 21, 1908.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.156 square miles (2.993 km2), of which, 1.155 square miles (2.991 km2) of it is land and 0.001 square miles (0.003 km2) of it (0.08%) is water. The borough is home of a Passaic River inlet known as Molly Ann Brook.
|Population sources: 1910-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,318 people, 2,778 households, and 2,028 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,203.9 per square mile (2,781.4/km2). There were 2,932 housing units at an average density of 2,539.3 per square mile (980.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 62.38% (5,189) White, 11.77% (979) Black or African American, 0.53% (44) Native American, 6.35% (528) Asian, 0.10% (8) Pacific Islander, 14.72% (1,224) from other races, and 4.16% (346) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 41.60% (3,460) of the population.
There were 2,778 households, of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.48.
In the borough, 26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,049 (with a margin of error of +/- $11,220) and the median family income was $65,833 (+/- $15,887). Males had a median income of $36,204 (+/- $9,406) versus $45,211 (+/- $6,778) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,317 (+/- $4,090). About 3.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 8,252 people, 2,820 households, and 1,974 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,111.4 people per square mile (2,746.7/km2). There were 2,906 housing units at an average density of 2,504.3 per square mile (967.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.59% White, 7.09% African American, 0.17% Native American, 4.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.09% from other races, and 4.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.60% of the population.
In the 2000 Census, 2.6% of Haledon's residents identified themselves as being of Arab American ancestry. This was the 11th-highest percentage of Arab American people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.
There were 2,820 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
The median income for a household in the borough is $45,599, and the median income for a family is $49,014. Males had a median income of $37,143 versus $29,830 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,099. About 6.2% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.
Haledon is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of the Borough of Haledon is Domenick Stampone, a Democrat who first came to office when he defeated incumbent Ken Pengitore in November 2006. Members of the Haledon Borough Council are Council President Maha Kandis, Mounir Almaita, Belgica Costa, Michael Johnson, Reynaldo Martinez and Michael Tirri.
Federal, state and county representation
Haledon is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 35th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Haledon had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).
The 35th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nellie Pou (D, North Haledon) and in the General Assembly by Shavonda E. Sumter (D, Paterson) and Benjie E. Wimberly (D, Paterson). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2013[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2014; Clifton), Freeholder Deputy Director Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2014; Paterson), John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford), Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park) and Hector C. Lora (D, 2015; Passaic). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (2014), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik and Surrogate Bernice Toledo.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,289 registered voters in Haledon, of which 1,763 (41.1% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 692 (16.1% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,834 (42.8% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 51.6% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 70.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,973 votes here (66.8% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 858 votes (29.0% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 31 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,955 ballots cast by the borough's 4,364 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.7% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 1,666 votes here (59.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,047 votes (37.1% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 26 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,825 ballots cast by the borough's 3,982 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.9% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 957 ballots cast (57.9% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 598 votes (36.2% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 63 votes (3.8% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 16 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 1,653 ballots cast by the borough's 4,235 registered voters, yielding a 39.0% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
Haledon developed along the northern side of the industrial city of Paterson, New Jersey. It was settled by farmers with colonial Dutch heritage including the Van Riper, Berdan, Banta, Post and Zabriskie families. Prior to the Civil War they were joined by the Roe, Leonard and Stansfield families, who helped establish St. Mary's Episcopal Church and leading businesses including a general store and the Leonard Wax Company.
The area became a streetcar suburb of Paterson in the years following the Civil War, with the central area known as Haledon, while the area surrounding the large pond along High Mountain Road was called Oldham. The Paterson and Haledon Horse Rail Road Company, formed in 1871, laid trolley tracks from Paterson along the current-day Belmont Avenue, which were electrified by 1888. Many of the trolley company's owners were among the founders of the Cedar Cliff Land Company, which bought up large portions of the area, and the street names in the borough reflect these industrialists and businessmen: Morrissee, Hoxey, Van Dyke, John Ryle and Barbour. The flat, lower part of the community was laid out in city-sized lots of 25' by 100' while the hillsides were plated as sites for larger Victorian "villas" for such individuals as Vice President Garret A. Hobart (now the location of William Paterson University) and the Barbour family of linen flax manufacturers. Haledon's villa development was always rather limited and throughout much of the 20th century Haledon was a typical blue-collar community set by the small property sizes planned by the Cedar Cliff Land Company. A never-constructed grand hotel was planned for the highest point of the community above the intersection of the current day Central and West Haledon Avenues. The Cedar Cliff Land Company ran newspaper advertisements targeted at upwardly mobile immigrants who worked in Paterson's silk industry, offering the city-sized lots for sale at auctions (with free lunches and brass bands) held at St. Mary's Parish Hall, and also opened the Cedar Cliff Silk Mill, which became one of several silk mills in the community. The residential appeal of Haledon was to escape the crowded industrial city and still have access to the textile mills by using the trolley. As a result of the land sales of Cedar Cliff Land Company and also of independent landowner William Bushmann, the town was settled by immigrants who came as skilled workers from textile centers in Europe.
Haledon was incorporated in 1908, having been the Oldham district of the former Passaic County municipality of Manchester Township.
Socialist William Bruekmann was elected mayor in 1912 by the borough's immigrant resident base of skilled silk workers. During the 1913 Paterson silk strike, Haledon's mayor offered the strikers the opportunity to hold meetings in Haledon, as worker meetings were prohibited in Paterson. The Pietro and Maria Botto House, located on the side of a hill surrounded by open spaces, provided a natural amphitheater for labor leaders of the day to address thousands of people who gathered to hear Big Bill Haywood, Carlo Tresca, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and John Reed. The Botto House is now a National Historic Landmark and the home of the American Labor Museum.
In 2008, Councilman Alan Souto, at the time an officer with the Passaic County Sheriff's Department, was arrested for stealing heroin and cocaine from the evidence room from the sheriff's department in order to distribute narcotics, amounting to over $250,000. After being found guilty, he was sentenced to 85 months in federal prison on May 18, 2009. Souto was replaced by Marc Battle, commercial litigator and former civil rights attorney, in April 2008.
For grades 9 - 12, public school students attend Manchester Regional High School, which serves students from Haledon, North Haledon, and Prospect Park. The school is located in Haledon. Students from North Haledon attend the high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the North Haledon School District. The Manchester district participates in the Interdistrict Public School Choice Program, which allows non-resident students to attend the district's schools without cost to their parents, with tuition paid by the state. Available lots are announced annually by grade.
Points of interest
- The Pietro and Maria Botto House has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The house is home of the American Labor Museum, which tells the story of Italian immigration in the area, and of the Paterson Silk Strike of 1913.
- Kossuth Street School, constructed in 1894, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Haledon include:
- Bruce Baumgartner (born 1960), Gold Medalist in wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
- Bennie Borgmann (1900–1978), early pro basketball player inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1961.
- The Feelies, rock band.
- Jennie Tuttle Hobart (1849–1941), wife of the former U.S. Vice President Garret Hobart.
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- Herbst, John A.; and Keene, Catherine, et al. Life and Times in Silk City, A Photographic History of Paterson, NJ. Published American Labor Museum, 1986.
- Shea, Georgia, Spoiled Silk: The Red Mayor and the Great Paterson Textile Strike (2001)
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- Data for the Haledon Public School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 13, 2013.
- Passaic County Manchester Regional High School 2010 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 1, 2011. "The school serves the communities of Haledon, North Haledon, and Prospect Park as well as a select number of Choice students from throughout Passaic County."
- Zaremba, Justin. "Judge recommends revisions to Manchester Regional High School funding formula", The Gazette (Hawthorne), March 29, 2011. Accessed January 13, 2013. "For the past two decades, North Haledon has sought to redress the taxation rate for the Manchester Regional School District, contending that residents pay a disproportionate amount per pupil compared to Haledon and Prospect Park. North Haledon has also attempted to withdraw from the district, which would drastically increase the tax rate on the two smaller municipalities."
- Staff. "Diversity ruling halts school maneuver, Justices said a borough's money-saving bid to leave a district would remove too many white students.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 12, 2004. Accessed May 1, 2011. "The state Supreme Court ruled yesterday that a Passaic County school district cannot withdraw its students from a regional high school because it would take away too many white students, resulting in a racially imbalanced enrollment. The 6-0 decision said North Haledon students must continue to attend Manchester Regional High School in Haledon because the state constitution requires education officials to prevent segregation in public schools."
- Interdistrict Public School Choice: Approved Choice Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 1, 2011.
- Pietro and Maria Botto House: National Historic Landmark summary listing, National Park Service. Accessed June 5, 2008.
- About Us, American Labor Museum. Accessed August 10, 2011.
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- Bruce Baumgartner profile, The Washington Post. Accessed April 24, 2008.
- Bernhard "Bennie" Borgmann, Basketball Hall of Fame. Accessed April 24, 2008.
- McCall, Tris. "The Feelies, legendary Haledon rockers, return with 'Here Before'", The Star-Ledger, April 10, 2011. Accessed May 1, 2011. "Those who’d followed the Haledon band from their early days, in the New York club scene of the late ’70s, were used to lineup changes. The rhythm section that appeared on the group’s 1980 debut was long gone by the time the Feelies released a follow-up six years later."
- Burstyn, Joan N. "Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women", p. 153. Syracuse University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8156-0418-1. Accessed May 1, 2011. "She maintained a close relationship with her son and in later years, when her health was failing, lived with his family at Ailsa Farms in Haledon. She died there of bronchial pneumonia, at age 91, on January 8, 1941, and was buried at the Cedar Lawn Cemetery in Paterson."
- Haledon Borough website
- Haledon Public School
- Haledon Public School's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Haledon Public School, National Center for Education Statistics
- Manchester Regional High School
- American Labor Museum, Botto House National Landmark, official site
- American Labor Museum, Botto House