Half marathon

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Athletics
Half marathon
Nychalfmarathon.jpg
Runners in the 2008 New York City Half Marathon
Runners taking part in the Bristol Half Marathon

A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 kilometres (13.1094 mi).[1] It is half the distance of a marathon and usually run on roads. Participation in half marathons has grown steadily.[2] One of the main reasons for this is that it is a challenging distance, but does not require the same level of training that a marathon requires.[2] In 2008, Running USA reported that the half marathon is the fastest growing type of race.[2] A 2010 article by Universal Sports echoed the growing popularity of the distance.[2][3] It is common for a half marathon event to be held concurrently with a marathon, using almost the same course with a late start, an early finish or shortcuts. The half marathon is also known as a 21K, 21.1K or 13.1 miles, although these values are rounded and not formally correct.

World record progression[edit]

World records in the half marathon are now ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations, the international governing body for the sport of athletics.

The official IAAF world record for men is 58:23, set by Zersenay Tadese of Eritrea on 21 March 2010 in Lisbon, Portugal, and for women is 1:05:12, set by Florence Kiplagat of Kenya on 16 February 2014, in Barcelona, Spain.

This list is a chronological progression of record times for the half marathon.

Key:
      Listed by the International Association of Athletics Federations as a world best prior to official acceptance[4]
      Ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations as a world best (since January 1, 2003) or world record (since January 1, 2004)[4]
      Recognized by the Association of Road Racing Statisticians[5]
  a   Noted by the International Association of Athletics Federations as set on uncertified or aided course which does not fulfill the criteria specified in IAAF Rule 260.28.b or 260.28.c
  +   Noted by the International Association of Athletics Federations as set en route to longer distances

Men[edit]

Time Name Nationality Date Event/Place Source Notes
              67:01 Brian Hill-Cottingham  United Kingdom April 9, 1960 Romford ARRS[5]
65:44 Ron Hill  United Kingdom June 19, 1965 Freckleton IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
65:42 Pete Ravald  United Kingdom June 18, 1966 Freckleton IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
              64:28 a + Abebe Bikila  Ethiopia October 21, 1964 Tokyo IAAF[4]
              63:22 a + Derek Clayton  Australia December 3, 1967 Fukuoka Marathon IAAF[4]
64:45 Ron Hill  United Kingdom June 21, 1969 Freckleton IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
63:53 Derek Graham  United Kingdom May 2, 1970 Belfast IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
63:46 Juan Rafael Angel Perez  Costa Rica February 8, 1976 Coamo IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
63:46 Jose Reveyn  Belgium March 27, 1976 The Hague IAAF[4]
62:57 Miruts Yifter  Ethiopia February 6, 1977 Coamo IAAF[4] IAAF notes unrounded time as 62:56.3
              62:37 Toshihiro Matsumoto  Japan February 6, 1977 Beppu, Ōita ARRS[5]
62:47 Tony Simmons  United Kingdom June 24, 1978 Welwyn Garden City IAAF[4]
62:36 Nick Rose  United Kingdom October 14, 1979 Dayton IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
62:32 Kirk Pfeffer  United States December 7, 1979 Las Vegas IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
62:16 Stan Mavis  United States January 27, 1980 New Orleans IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
61:47 Herb Lindsay  United States September 20, 1981 Manchester, Vermont IAAF[4]
61:36 Mike Musyoki  Kenya September 19, 1982 Philadelphia IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
61:32 Paul Cummings  United States September 25, 1983 Dayton IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
61:14 Steve Jones  United Kingdom August 11, 1985 Birmingham IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
60:55 Mark Curp  United States September 15, 1985 Philadelphia IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
              60:43 a Mike Musyoki  Kenya June 8, 1986 South Shields IAAF[4]
              60:10 a Matthews Temane  South Africa July 25, 1987 East London IAAF[4]
              60:46 Dionicio Ceron  Mexico September 16, 1990 Philadelphia ARRS[5]
              60:06 a Steve Moneghetti  Australia January 24, 1993 Tokyo IAAF[4]
              60:24 Benson Masya  Kenya April 3, 1993 The Hague ARRS[5]
59:47 Moses Tanui  Kenya April 3, 1993 Milan IAAF[4]
              60:13 Paul Tergat  Kenya April 15, 1993 Milan ARRS[5]
              59:56 Shem Kororia  Kenya October 4, 1997 Košice ARRS[5]
              59:43 a António Pinto  Portugal March 15, 1998 Lisbon IAAF[4]
59:17 Paul Tergat  Kenya April 4, 1998 Milan IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
              59:06 a Paul Tergat  Kenya March 26, 2000 Lisbon IAAF[4]
59:16 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya September 11, 2005 Rotterdam IAAF,[4] ARRS[5] ARRS notes unrounded time as 59:15.8
              59:05 a Zersenay Tadese  Eritrea September 18, 2005 South Shields IAAF[4]
58:55 Haile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia January 15, 2006 Tempe IAAF[4]
              59:07 Paul Kosgei Malakwen  Kenya April 2, 2006 Berlin ARRS[5]
58:53 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya February 9, 2007 Ras al-Khaimah IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
58:33 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya March 17, 2007 The Hague IAAF,[4] ARRS[5] ARRS notes time as 58:35
58:23 Zersenay Tadese  Eritrea March 21, 2010 Lisbon IAAF,[6] ARRS[5]

Women[edit]

Time Name Nationality Date Event/Place Source Notes
              83:56 Kathy Gibbons  United States March 7, 1971 Phoenix, Arizona ARRS[5]
              83:11 Chantal Langlace  France September 8, 1974 Aÿ-Champagne ARRS[5]
              82:05 Silvana Cruciata  Italy April 3, 1977 Milan ARRS[5]
              79:45 Marja Wokke  Netherlands January 8, 1978 Egmond aan Zee ARRS[5]
              78:44 Silvana Cruciata  Italy April 16, 1978 Milan ARRS[5]
              78:30 Jean Abare  United States July 4, 1978 Coronado, California ARRS[5]
              75:04 a Marty Cooksey  United States August 26, 1978 San Diego IAAF[4]
              77:48 Daniele Justin  Belgium November 12, 1978 Nizare, Portland ARRS[5]
75:58 Michiko Gorman  United States November 19, 1978 Pasadena IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
75:01 Ellison Goodall  United States March 10, 1979 Winston-Salem IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
              74:50 a Kathy Mintie  United States August 25, 1979 San Diego IAAF[4]
74:04 Patty Catalano  United States September 23, 1979 Manchester, Vermont IAAF,[4] ARRS[5] ARRS notes time as 74:03
73:59 Marja Wokke  Netherlands March 29, 1980 The Hague IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
73:26 Joan Benoit  United States January 18, 1981 New Orleans IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
71:16 Joan Benoit  United States March 7, 1981 San Diego IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
69:57 Grete Waitz  Norway May 15, 1982 Gothenburg IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
69:14 Joan Benoit  United States September 18, 1983 Philadelphia IAAF,[4] ARRS[5] ARRS notes time as 69:10
68:34 Joan Benoit  United States September 16, 1984 Philadelphia IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
              66:40 a Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway April 5, 1987 Sandnes IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
68:32 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway March 19, 1989 New Bedford IAAF[4]
67:59 Elana Meyer  South Africa May 18, 1991 East London IAAF[4]
67:59 Uta Pippig  Germany March 20, 1994 Kyoto IAAF[4]
67:58 Uta Pippig  Germany March 19, 1995 Kyoto IAAF[4]
67:36 Elana Meyer  South Africa March 9, 1997 Kyoto IAAF[4]
67:29 Elana Meyer  South Africa March 8, 1998 Kyoto IAAF[4]
66:44 Elana Meyer  South Africa January 15, 1999 Tokyo IAAF[4]
              65:44 a Susan Chepkemei  Kenya April 1, 2001 Lisbon IAAF[4]
              65:40 a Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom September 21, 2003 South Shields IAAF[4] IAAF notes unrounded time as 65:39.6
66:25 Lornah Kiplagat  Netherlands October 14, 2007 Udine IAAF,[4] ARRS[5]
65:50 Mary Keitany  Kenya February 18, 2011 Ras al-Khaimah IAAF[7]
65:12 Florence Kiplagat  Kenya February 16, 2014 Barcelona MITJA[8]

Best Year Performance[edit]

Men's Season's Best[9][10][edit]

Year Time Athlete Place
1970 !!!!!1:03:53 1:03:53  Derek Graham (GBR) Belfast
1971 !!!!!1:05:25 1:05:25  Ron Hill (GBR) Freckleton
1972 !!!!!1:04:23 1:04:23  Víctor Manuel Mora (COL) Coamo
1973 !!!!!1:05:07 1:05:07  Mario Cuevas (MEX) Maracaibo
1974 !!!!!1:04:45 1:04:45  Vladimir Merkushin (URS) Wieze
1975 !!!!!1:05:08 1:05:08  Paul Angenvoorth (FRG) Grevenmacher
1976 !!!!!1:03:46 1:03:46  Juan Rafael Perez (CRC) Coamo
1977 !!!!!1:02:37 1:02:37  Toshihiro Matsumoto (JPN) Beppu
1978 !!!!!1:02:47 1:02:47  Tony Simmons (GBR) Welwyn Garden City
1979 !!!!!1:02:32 1:02:32  Kirk Pfeffer (USA) Las Vegas
1980 !!!!!1:02:16 1:02:16  Stan Mavis (USA) New Orleans
1981 !!!!!1:01:47 1:01:47  Herb Lindsay (USA) Manchester
1982 !!!!!1:01:36 1:01:36  Michael Musyoki (KEN) Philadelphia
1983 !!!!!1:01:32 1:01:32  Paul Cummings (USA) Dayton
1984 !!!!!1:01:52 1:01:52  Alberto Cova (ITA) Milan
1985 !!!!!1:00:55 1:00:55  Mark Curp (USA) Philadelphia
1986 !!!!!1:00:43 1:00:43  Michael Musyoki (KEN) South Shields
1987 !!!!!1:00:04 1:00:04  Carl Thackery (GBR) Barnsley
1988 !!!!!1:01:00 1:01:00  John Treacy (IRL) South Shields
1989 !!!!!1:01:10 1:01:10  Matthew Temane (RSA) Durban
1990 !!!!!1:00:34 1:00:34  Steve Moneghetti (AUS) South Shields
1991 !!!!!1:00:51 1:00:51  Moses Tanui (KEN) Milan
1992 !!!!!1:00:24 1:00:24  Benson Masya (KEN) South Shields
1993 !!!!!!!59:47 59:47  Moses Tanui (KEN) Milan[11]
1994 !!!!!1:00:02 1:00:02  Benson Masya (KEN) South Shields
1995 !!!!!1:00:26 1:00:26  Simon Lopuyet (KEN) Lisbon
1996 !!!!!1:00:31 1:00:31  Paul Koech (KEN) Ivry-sur-Seine
1997 !!!!!!!59:56 59:56  Shem Kororia (KEN) Košice
1998 !!!!!!!59:17 59:17  Paul Tergat (KEN) Milan
1999 !!!!!!!59:22 59:22  Paul Tergat (KEN) Milan
2000 !!!!!1:00:30 1:00:30  Kenichi Takahashi (JPN) Tokyo
2001 !!!!!!!59:52 59:52  Fabián Roncero (ESP) Berlin
2002 !!!!!!!59:41 59:41  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH) Lisbon
2003 !!!!!1:00:01 1:00:01  Hendrick Ramaala (RSA) South Shields
2004 !!!!!!!59:37 59:37  Dejene Berhanu (ETH) South Shields
2005 !!!!!!!59:05 59:05  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) South Shields
2006 !!!!!!!58:55 58:55  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH) Tempe
2007 !!!!!!!58:35 58:35  Samuel Wanjiru (KEN) The Hague
2008 !!!!!!!59:15 59:15  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)
 Deriba Merga (ETH)
Lisbon
New Delhi
2009 !!!!!!!58:52 58:52  Patrick Makau (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2010 !!!!!!!58:23 58:23  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) Lisbon
2011 !!!!!!!58:30 58:30  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) Lisbon
2012 !!!!!!!58:47 58:47  Atsedu Tsegay (ETH) Prague
2013 !!!!!!!58:54 58:54  Geoffrey Kipsang (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah

Women's Season's Best[9][10][edit]

Year Time Athlete Place
1978 1:15:04  Marty Cooksey (USA) San Diego
1979 1:14:03  Patti Catalano (USA) Manchester
1980 1:13:59  Marja Wokke (NED) Den Haag
1981 1:11:16  Joan Samuelson (USA) San Diego
1982 1:09:57  Grete Waitz (NOR) Gothenburg
1983 1:09:10  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1984 1:08:34  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1985 1:09:44  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1986 1:09:03  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) Drammen
1987 1:06:40  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) Sandnes
1988 1:08:49  Grete Waitz (NOR) South Shields
1989 1:08:31  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) New Bedford
1990 1:09:33  Rosa Mota (POR) South Shields
1991 1:07:59  Elana Meyer (RSA) East London
1992 1:08:42  Liz McColgan (GBR) Dundee
1993 1:09:35  Valentina Yegorova (RUS) St Petersburg
1994 1:07:59  Uta Pippig (GER) Kyoto
1995 1:07:59  Uta Pippig (GER) Kyoto
1996 1:09:15  Nadia Prasad (NCL) Paris
1997 1:07:36  Elana Meyer (RSA) Kyoto
1998 1:07:29  Elana Meyer (RSA) Kyoto
1999 1:06:44  Elana Meyer (RSA) Tokyo
2000 1:07:07  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) South Shields
2001 1:06:47  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) Bristol
2002 1:07:19  Sonia O'Sullivan (IRL) South Shields
2003 1:05:39  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) South Shields
2004 1:07:55  Benita Johnson (AUS) South Shields
2005 1:07:33  Derartu Tulu (ETH) South Shields
2006 1:07:16  Edith Masai (KEN) Berlin
2007 1:06:25  Lornah Kiplagat (NED) Udine
2008 1:07:57  Philes Ongori (KEN) Marugame
2009 1:06:36  Mary Keitany (KEN) Birmingham
2010 1:07:07  Elvan Abeylegesse (TUR) Ras al-Khaimah
2011 1:05:50  Mary Keitany (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2012 1:06:49  Mary Keitany (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2013 1:06:09  Lucy Kabuu (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah

Largest number of participants[edit]

The current biggest half marathon in the world is the Göteborgsvarvet, also known as Gothenburg half marathon, held annually in Gothenburg, Sweden, with 64,288 announced runners and 47,491 finishers in 2014.[12]

The largest half marathon ever held was Broloppet (the Bridge race) between Copenhagen-Malmö with 79,719 finishers, held in connection with the Öresund Bridge inauguration in 2000.[13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USATF: Course Measurement and Certification Procedures
  2. ^ a b c d Hanc, John (July 24, 2008). "Sometimes Half Is Better Than Whole". NY Times. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  3. ^ Monti, David (May 20, 2010). "Half the distance, twice the fun: Half-marathons taking off". Universal Sports. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009." (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. 546, 563, 565, 651, and 653. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "World Best Progressions- Road". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ International Association of Athletics Federations (May 10, 2010). "World Records Ratified". Monte Carlo. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  7. ^ IAAF world records
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ a b "Yearly Rankings- Half Marathon". ARRS rankings. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  10. ^ a b "Year 2012 Performances- Half Marathon". ARRS rankings. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Published in IAAF documents, including IAAF top lists. The ARRS have suggested that the Stramilano Half Marathon course might have been short in 1993 and list the best time for 1993 as 1:00:15, Moses Tanui (KEN), 19-Sep-1993, South Shields ENG.
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Bridge Race 2000
  14. ^ Broloppstider på nätet - men inga placeringar