Half marathon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Half Marathon)
Jump to: navigation, search
Athletics
Half marathon
Nychalfmarathon.jpg
Runners in the 2008 New York City Half Marathon
Runners taking part in the Bristol Half Marathon

A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 kilometres (13.1094 mi).[1] It is half the distance of a marathon and usually run on roads. Participation in half marathons has grown steadily.[2] One of the main reasons for this is that it is a challenging distance, but does not require the same level of training that a marathon does.[2] In 2008, Running USA reported that the half marathon is the fastest growing type of race.[2] A 2010 article by Universal Sports echoed the growing popularity of the distance.[2][3] It is common for a half marathon event to be held concurrently with a marathon, using almost the same course with a late start, an early finish or shortcuts. The half marathon is also known as a 21K, 21.1K or 13.1 miles, although these values are rounded and not formally correct.

World record progression[edit]

World records in the half marathon are ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations, the international governing body for the sport of athletics.[4][5]

The official IAAF world record for men is 58:23, set by Zersenay Tadese of Eritrea on March 21, 2010 at the Lisbon half marathon in Portugal,[4] and for women is 1:05:09, set by Florence Kiplagat of Kenya on February 15, 2015, in Barcelona, Spain.[5][Note 1]

This list is a chronological progression of record times for the half marathon.

Key:
      Listed by the IAFF as a world best prior to official acceptance[6]
      Ratified by the IAFF as a world best (since January 1, 2003) or world record (since January 1, 2004)[6]
      Recognized by the Association of Road Racing Statisticians[7]

Men[edit]

Time Name Nationality Date Event/Place Source Notes
!!!!!1:07:01 1:07:01 Brian Hill-Cottingham  United Kingdom April 9, 1960 Romford ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:05:44 1:05:44 Ron Hill  United Kingdom June 19, 1965 Freckleton IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:05:42 1:05:42 Pete Ravald  United Kingdom June 18, 1966 Freckleton IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:04:28 1:04:28[Note 2][Note 3] Abebe Bikila  Ethiopia October 21, 1964 Tokyo IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:03:22 1:03:22[Note 2][Note 3] Derek Clayton  Australia December 3, 1967 Fukuoka Marathon IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:04:45 1:04:45 Ron Hill  United Kingdom June 21, 1969 Freckleton IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:03:53 1:03:53 Derek Graham  United Kingdom May 2, 1970 Belfast IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:03:46 1:03:46 Juan Rafael Angel Perez  Costa Rica February 8, 1976 Coamo IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:03:46 1:03:46 Jose Reveyn  Belgium March 27, 1976 The Hague IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:02:57 1:02:57 Miruts Yifter  Ethiopia February 6, 1977 Coamo IAAF[6] IAAF notes unrounded time as 1:02:56.3
!!!!!1:02:37 1:02:37 Toshihiro Matsumoto  Japan February 6, 1977 Beppu, Ōita ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:02:47 1:02:47 Tony Simmons  United Kingdom June 24, 1978 Welwyn Garden City IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:02:36 1:02:36 Nick Rose  United Kingdom October 14, 1979 Dayton IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:02:32 1:02:32 Kirk Pfeffer  United States December 7, 1979 Las Vegas IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:02:16 1:02:16 Stan Mavis  United States January 27, 1980 New Orleans IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:01:47 1:01:47 Herb Lindsay  United States September 20, 1981 Manchester, Vermont IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:01:36 1:01:36 Michael Musyoki  Kenya September 19, 1982 Philadelphia IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:01:32 1:01:32 Paul Cummings  United States September 25, 1983 Dayton IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:01:14 1:01:14 Steve Jones  United Kingdom August 11, 1985 Birmingham IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:00:55 1:00:55 Mark Curp  United States September 15, 1985 Philadelphia IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:00:43 1:00:43[Note 2] Michael Musyoki  Kenya June 8, 1986 South Shields IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:00:10 1:00:10[Note 2] Matthews Temane  South Africa July 25, 1987 East London IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:00:46 1:00:46 Dionicio Cerón  Mexico September 16, 1990 Philadelphia ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:00:06 1:00:06[Note 2] Steve Moneghetti  Australia January 24, 1993 Tokyo IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:00:24 1:00:24 Benson Masya  Kenya April 3, 1993 The Hague ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!59:47 59:47 Moses Tanui  Kenya April 3, 1993 Milan IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:00:13 1:00:13 Paul Tergat  Kenya April 15, 1993 Milan ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!59:56 59:56 Shem Kororia  Kenya October 4, 1997 Košice ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!59:43 59:43[Note 2] António Pinto  Portugal March 15, 1998 Lisbon IAAF[6]
!!!!!!!59:17 59:17 Paul Tergat  Kenya April 4, 1998 Milan IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!59:06 59:06[Note 2] Paul Tergat  Kenya March 26, 2000 Lisbon IAAF[6]
!!!!!!!59:16 59:16 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya September 11, 2005 Rotterdam IAAF,[6] ARRS[7] ARRS notes unrounded time as 59:15.8
!!!!!!!59:05 59:05[Note 2] Zersenay Tadese  Eritrea September 18, 2005 South Shields IAAF[6]
!!!!!!!58:55 58:55 Haile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia January 15, 2006 Tempe IAAF[6]
!!!!!!!59:07 59:07 Paul Malakwen Kosgei  Kenya April 2, 2006 Berlin ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!58:53 58:53 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya February 9, 2007 Ras al-Khaimah IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!!!58:33 58:33 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya March 17, 2007 The Hague IAAF,[6] ARRS[7] ARRS notes time as 58:35
!!!!!!!58:23 58:23 Zersenay Tadese  Eritrea March 21, 2010 Lisbon IAAF,[8] ARRS[7]

Women[edit]

Time Name Nationality Date Event/Place Source Notes
!!!!!1:23:56 1:23:56 Kathy Gibbons  United States March 7, 1971 Phoenix, Arizona ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:23:11 1:23:11 Chantal Langlacé  France September 8, 1974 Aÿ-Champagne ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:22:05 1:22:05 Silvana Cruciata  Italy April 3, 1977 Milan ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:19:45 1:19:45 Marja Wokke  Netherlands January 8, 1978 Egmond aan Zee ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:18:44 1:18:44 Silvana Cruciata  Italy April 16, 1978 Milan ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:18:30 1:18:30 Jean Abare  United States July 4, 1978 Coronado, California ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:15:04 1:15:04[Note 2] Marty Cooksey  United States August 26, 1978 San Diego IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:17:48 1:17:48 Daniele Justin  Belgium November 12, 1978 Nizare, Portland ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:15:58 1:15:58 Miki Gorman  United States November 19, 1978 Pasadena IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:15:01 1:15:01 Ellison Goodall  United States March 10, 1979 Winston-Salem IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:14:50 1:14:50[Note 2] Kathy Mintie  United States August 25, 1979 San Diego IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:14:04 1:14:04 Patti Catalano  United States September 23, 1979 Manchester, Vermont IAAF,[6] ARRS[7] ARRS notes time as 1:14:03
!!!!!1:13:59 1:13:59 Marja Wokke  Netherlands March 29, 1980 The Hague IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:13:26 1:13:26 Joan Benoit  United States January 18, 1981 New Orleans IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:11:16 1:11:16 Joan Benoit  United States March 7, 1981 San Diego IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:09:57 1:09:57 Grete Waitz  Norway May 15, 1982 Gothenburg IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:09:14 1:09:14 Joan Benoit  United States September 18, 1983 Philadelphia IAAF,[6] ARRS[7] ARRS notes time as 1:09:10
!!!!!1:08:34 1:08:34 Joan Benoit  United States September 16, 1984 Philadelphia IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:06:40 1:06:40[Note 2] Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway April 5, 1987 Sandnes IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:08:32 1:08:32 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway March 19, 1989 New Bedford IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:07:59 1:07:59 Elana Meyer  South Africa May 18, 1991 East London IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:07:59 1:07:59 Uta Pippig  Germany March 20, 1994 Kyoto IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:07:58 1:07:58 Uta Pippig  Germany March 19, 1995 Kyoto IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:07:36 1:07:36 Elana Meyer  South Africa March 9, 1997 Kyoto IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:07:29 1:07:29 Elana Meyer  South Africa March 8, 1998 Kyoto IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:06:44 1:06:44 Elana Meyer  South Africa January 15, 1999 Tokyo IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:05:44 1:05:44[Note 2] Susan Chepkemei  Kenya April 1, 2001 Lisbon IAAF[6]
!!!!!1:05:40 1:05:40[Note 2] Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom September 21, 2003 South Shields IAAF[6] IAAF notes unrounded time as 1:05:39.6
!!!!!1:06:25 1:06:25 Lornah Kiplagat  Netherlands October 14, 2007 Udine IAAF,[6] ARRS[7]
!!!!!1:05:50 1:05:50 Mary Keitany  Kenya February 18, 2011 Ras al-Khaimah IAAF[9]
!!!!!1:05:12 1:05:12 Florence Kiplagat  Kenya February 16, 2014 Barcelona MITJA[10]

Best year performance[edit]

This table lists the best half marathon performances per year since 1970, as recorded by the ARRS.[11]

Year Men's time Men's record holder Place Women's time Women's record holder Place
1970 !!!!!1:03:53 1:03:53  Derek Graham (GBR) Belfast
1971 !!!!!1:05:25 1:05:25  Ron Hill (GBR) Freckleton !!!!!1:23:56 1:23:56  Kathy Gibbons (USA) Phoenix
1972 !!!!!1:04:23 1:04:23  Víctor Manuel Mora (COL) Coamo !!!!!1:31:55 1:31:55  Nadia Garcia (USA) San Diego
1973 !!!!!1:05:07 1:05:07  Mario Cuevas (MEX) Maracaibo
1974 !!!!!1:04:45 1:04:45  Vladimir Merkushin (URS) Wieze !!!!!1:23:11 1:23:11  Chantal Langlacé (FRA) Ay
1975 !!!!!1:05:08 1:05:08  Paul Angenvoorth (FRG) Grevenmacher
1976 !!!!!1:03:46 1:03:46  Juan Rafael Perez (CRC) Coamo !!!!!1:29:43 1:29:43  Rita Borralho (POR) Nazaré
1977 !!!!!1:02:37 1:02:37  Toshihiro Matsumoto (JPN) Beppu !!!!!1:22:05 1:22:05  Silvana Cruciata (ITA) Milan
1978 !!!!!1:02:47 1:02:47  Tony Simmons (GBR) Welwyn Garden City !!!!!1:15:04 1:15:04  Marty Cooksey (USA) San Diego
1979 !!!!!1:02:32 1:02:32  Kirk Pfeffer (USA) Las Vegas !!!!!1:14:03 1:14:03  Patti Catalano (USA) Manchester
1980 !!!!!1:02:16 1:02:16  Stan Mavis (USA) New Orleans !!!!!1:13:59 1:13:59  Marja Wokke (NED) Den Haag
1981 !!!!!1:01:47 1:01:47  Herb Lindsay (USA) Manchester !!!!!1:11:16 1:11:16  Joan Samuelson (USA) San Diego
1982 !!!!!1:01:36 1:01:36  Michael Musyoki (KEN) Philadelphia !!!!!1:09:57 1:09:57  Grete Waitz (NOR) Gothenburg
1983 !!!!!1:01:32 1:01:32  Paul Cummings (USA) Dayton !!!!!1:09:10 1:09:10  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1984 !!!!!1:01:52 1:01:52  Alberto Cova (ITA) Milan !!!!!1:08:34 1:08:34  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1985 !!!!!1:00:55 1:00:55  Mark Curp (USA) Philadelphia !!!!!1:09:44 1:09:44  Joan Samuelson (USA) Philadelphia
1986 !!!!!1:00:43 1:00:43  Michael Musyoki (KEN) South Shields !!!!!1:09:03 1:09:03  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) Drammen
1987 !!!!!1:00:04 1:00:04  Carl Thackery (GBR) Barnsley !!!!!1:06:40 1:06:40  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) Sandnes
1988 !!!!!1:01:00 1:01:00  John Treacy (IRL) South Shields !!!!!1:08:49 1:08:49  Grete Waitz (NOR) South Shields
1989 !!!!!1:01:10 1:01:10  Matthews Temane (RSA) Durban !!!!!1:08:31 1:08:31  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) New Bedford
1990 !!!!!1:00:34 1:00:34  Steve Moneghetti (AUS) South Shields !!!!!1:09:33 1:09:33  Rosa Mota (POR) South Shields
1991 !!!!!1:00:51 1:00:51  Moses Tanui (KEN) Milan !!!!!1:07:59 1:07:59  Elana Meyer (RSA) East London
1992 !!!!!1:00:24 1:00:24  Benson Masya (KEN) South Shields !!!!!1:08:42 1:08:42  Liz McColgan (GBR) Dundee
1993 !!!!!!!59:47 59:47  Moses Tanui (KEN) Milan[Note 4] !!!!!1:09:35 1:09:35  Valentina Yegorova (RUS) St Petersburg
1994 !!!!!1:00:02 1:00:02  Benson Masya (KEN) South Shields !!!!!1:07:59 1:07:59  Uta Pippig (GER) Kyoto
1995 !!!!!1:00:26 1:00:26  Simon Lopuyet (KEN) Lisbon !!!!!1:07:59 1:07:59  Uta Pippig (GER) Kyoto
1996 !!!!!1:00:31 1:00:31  Paul Koech (KEN) Ivry-sur-Seine !!!!!1:09:15 1:09:15  Nadia Prasad (NCL) Paris
1997 !!!!!!!59:56 59:56  Shem Kororia (KEN) Košice !!!!!1:07:36 1:07:36  Elana Meyer (RSA) Kyoto
1998 !!!!!!!59:17 59:17  Paul Tergat (KEN) Milan !!!!!1:07:29 1:07:29  Elana Meyer (RSA) Kyoto
1999 !!!!!!!59:22 59:22  Paul Tergat (KEN) Milan !!!!!1:06:44 1:06:44  Elana Meyer (RSA) Tokyo
2000 !!!!!1:00:30 1:00:30  Kenichi Takahashi (JPN) Tokyo !!!!!1:07:07 1:07:07  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) South Shields
2001 !!!!!!!59:52 59:52  Fabián Roncero (ESP) Berlin !!!!!1:06:47 1:06:47  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) Bristol
2002 !!!!!!!59:41 59:41  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH) Lisbon !!!!!1:07:19 1:07:19  Sonia O'Sullivan (IRL) South Shields
2003 !!!!!1:00:01 1:00:01  Hendrick Ramaala (RSA) South Shields !!!!!1:05:39 1:05:39  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) South Shields
2004 !!!!!!!59:37 59:37  Dejene Berhanu (ETH) South Shields !!!!!1:07:55 1:07:55  Benita Johnson (AUS) South Shields
2005 !!!!!!!59:05 59:05  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) South Shields !!!!!1:07:33 1:07:33  Derartu Tulu (ETH) South Shields
2006 !!!!!!!58:55 58:55  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH) Tempe !!!!!1:07:16 1:07:16  Edith Masai (KEN) Berlin
2007 !!!!!!!58:35 58:35  Samuel Wanjiru (KEN) The Hague !!!!!1:06:25 1:06:25  Lornah Kiplagat (NED) Udine
2008 !!!!!!!59:15 59:15  Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)
 Deriba Merga (ETH)
Lisbon
New Delhi
!!!!!1:07:57 1:07:57  Philes Ongori (KEN) Marugame
2009 !!!!!!!58:52 58:52  Patrick Makau (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah !!!!!1:06:36 1:06:36  Mary Keitany (KEN) Birmingham
2010 !!!!!!!58:23 58:23  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) Lisbon !!!!!1:07:07 1:07:07  Elvan Abeylegesse (TUR) Ras al-Khaimah
2011 !!!!!!!58:30 58:30  Zersenay Tadese (ERI) Lisbon !!!!!1:05:50 1:05:50[9]  Mary Keitany (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2012[12] !!!!!!!58:47 58:47  Atsedu Tsegay (ETH) Prague !!!!!1:06:49 1:06:49  Mary Keitany (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2013 !!!!!!!58:54 58:54  Geoffrey Kipsang (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah !!!!!1:06:09 1:06:09  Lucy Kabuu (KEN) Ras al-Khaimah
2014 !!!!!!!58:48 58:48[13]  Abraham Cheroben (KEN) Valencia !!!!!1:05:12 1:05:12[13]  Florence Kiplagat (KEN) Barcelona

Largest number of participants[edit]

In 2014, the largest half marathon in the world was the Göteborgsvarvet, also known as Gothenburg half marathon, with 64,288 announced runners and 47,491 finishers.[14]

The largest half marathon ever held was Broloppet (the Bridge race) between Copenhagen-Malmö with 79,719 finishers, held in connection with the Öresund Bridge inauguration in 2000.[15][16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pending ratification on May 1, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Noted by the IAFF as set on uncertified or aided course which does not fulfill the criteria specified in IAAF Rule 260.28.b or 260.28.c.
  3. ^ a b Noted by the IAFF as set en route to longer distances.
  4. ^ Published in IAAF documents, including IAAF top lists. The ARRS has suggested that the Stramilano half marathon course might have been short in 1993 and lists the best time for 1993 as 1:00:15 by Moses Tanui from Kenya.

References[edit]

  1. ^ USATF: Course Measurement and Certification Procedures
  2. ^ a b c d Hanc, John (July 24, 2008). "Sometimes Half Is Better Than Whole". NY Times. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  3. ^ Monti, David (May 20, 2010). "Half the distance, twice the fun: Half-marathons taking off". Universal Sports. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  4. ^ a b "Records by discipline: Men's outdoor half marathon". IAFF. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Records by discipline: Women's outdoor half marathon". IAFF. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009." (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. 546, 563, 565, 651, and 653. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "World Best Progressions- Road". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  8. ^ IAFF (May 10, 2010). "World Records Ratified". Monte Carlo. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Keitany smashes half marathon world record in Ras Al Khaimah". IAAF. February 18, 2011. Retrieved 2015-05-03. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Yearly Ranking Leaders: Half Marathon". ARRS. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  12. ^ "Year 2012 Performances: Half Marathon". ARRS. Archived from the original on September 7, 2013. Retrieved 2015-05-01. 
  13. ^ a b Jalava, Mirko; Julin, Lennart (December 29, 2014). "2014 end-of-year reviews - Road running". IAAF. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ Bridge Race 2000
  16. ^ Broloppstider på nätet - men inga placeringar