Halfweg

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For other uses, see Halfweg (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 52°23′N 4°45′E / 52.383°N 4.750°E / 52.383; 4.750

Halfweg
Gemeentehuis-halfweg.JPG
Location of Halfweg
The village (dark red) and the statistical district (light green) of Halfweg in the municipality of Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude.
The village (dark red) and the statistical district (light green) of Halfweg in the municipality of Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude.
Country Netherlands
Province Noord-Holland
Municipality Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude
Population ca. 2,330

Halfweg is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude, and lies about 8 km east of Haarlem. Its name, which translates as "halfway," comes from its location approximately halfway between Haarlem and Amsterdam.

The statistical area "Halfweg", which also can include the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 2330.[1]

History[edit]

In 1632, the Haarlemmertrekvaart, a canal from Amsterdam to Haarlem, opened for passenger traffic by trekschuit (towed barges). At the halfway point the passengers needed to disembark and change boats.[2]

A towpath was laid along the canal, and this route has become the Haarlemmerweg (A200). From 1904 to 1957, Halfweg was a stop on the Amsterdam-Haarlem-Zandvoort electric tram line.

A sugar factory built in the 19th century was run by CSM Suiker fabriek from 1919 onwards. It closed in the 1990s, but the complex with its sugar silos still dominates the city skyline and is called "Sugar City" today.

Until 1876, Halfweg was right on the southern shores of the IJ Bay. With the construction of the North Sea Canal, a channel was dug through the IJ and lined with dikes, after which the remaining portions of the IJ Bay were reclaimed and turned into polders. As a result, the village of Ruigoord, formerly an island of the same name, borders Halfweg in the north, as does the town of Zwanenburg in the south.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005. As of 1 January 2005.
  2. ^ History of the town and the mill on Museum website