Halifax (electoral district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Halifax
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia electoral district
Halifax electoral district map.png
Halifax in relation to the other Nova Scotia federal electoral districts
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Megan Leslie
New Democratic
District created 1867
First contested 1867
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 92,515
Electors (2011) 74,717
Area (km²)[1] 202.12
Pop. density (per km²) 457.7
Census divisions Halifax
Census subdivisions Halifax

Halifax is a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, is one of a handful of ridings which has been represented continuously (albeit with different boundaries) in the House of Commons since Confederation in 1867.

Since October 14, 2008, its Member of the Parliament has been Megan Leslie of the New Democratic Party.

The riding of Halifax includes the communities of Spryfield, Sambro, Herring Cove, Harrietsfield, Williamswood, Prospect, Purcell's Cove, Armdale, Cowie Hill, Fairmount, Kline Heights, and the peninsula of Halifax.

History[edit]

Halifax has been represented by the New Democratic Party since 1997, with the Liberal Party coming in second in every election since 2000. The riding's boundaries were re-distributed in 2004. Before that date, it comprised the peninsula of Halifax, the community of Fairview, and part of Clayton Park.

Alexa McDonough, who represented stepped down as NDP leader in 2003, but stayed on to represent Halifax in the House of Commons. McDonough ran for re-election against popular city councillor Sheila Fougere in 2004, who came within 1000 votes of beating the incumbent. McDonough pulled ahead based in part on a strong showing in Halifax's North End. On June 2, 2008, McDonough announced that she would not seek re-election.[2]

Among the most notable of the riding's MPs was Robert Borden, who was Conservative leader from 1901–1920, and Prime Minister of Canada from 1911-1920. Borden represented the riding from 1896–1904 and again from 1909-1917.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 88,931 —    
2006 89,448 +0.6%
2011 92,515 +3.4%

From the 2006 census [3]

Ethnic groups:

Languages:

Religions:

Education:

  • No certificate, diploma or degree: 16.2%
  • High school certificate: 23.6%
  • Apprenticeship or trade certificate or diploma: 7.2%
  • Community college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma: 14.0%
  • University certificate or diploma: 39.0%

Median Age:

  • 37.8

Median total income:

  • $23,638

Average total income:

  • $34,188

Median household income:

  • $41,585

Average household income:

  • $59,375

Median family income:

  • $61,143

Average family income:

  • $79,849

Unemployment:

  • 7.2%

Geography[edit]

The district includes the old city of Halifax except for the extreme western part, the area along the west coast of Halifax Harbour and along the Atlantic Ocean until Pennant. It also includes Sable Island. The area is 231 km2.

History[edit]

The electoral district was created at Confederation in 1867. It returned two members until 1968.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Halifax
28th  1968 − 1972     Robert Stanfield Progressive Conservative
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980     George Cooper Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980 − 1984     Gerald Regan Liberal
33rd  1984 − 1988     Stewart McInnes Progressive Conservative
34th  1988 − 1993     Mary Clancy Liberal
35th  1993 − 1997
36th  1997 − 2000     Alexa McDonough New Democratic
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011     Megan Leslie New Democratic
41st  2011 − Present

Election results[edit]

Following the 2012 redistribution, the riding will be gaining a small part of the riding of Halifax West, on the eastern side of Long Lake Provincial Park.

2011 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote  %
  New Democratic Party 23,761 51.62
  Liberal 11,805 25.64
  Conservative 8,292 18.01
  Green 2,023 4.39
  Others 152 0.33
Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Megan Leslie 23,746 51.64 +8.89
Liberal Stan Kutcher 11,793 25.64 -1.94
Conservative George Nikolaou 8,276 18.00 -2.62
Green Michael Dewar 2,020 4.39 -4.26
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 152 0.33 -0.07
Total valid votes/Expense limit 45,987 100.00
Total rejected ballots 241 0.52
Turnout 46,228 63.77
Eligible voters 72,495
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Megan Leslie 19,242 42.75 -4.13 $75,732
Liberal Catherine Meade 12,413 27.58 -3.32 $46,480
Conservative Ted Larsen 9,278 20.62 +2.62 $58,494
Green Darryl Whetter 3,891 8.65 +4.75 $1,762
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 182 0.40 +0.07
Total valid votes/Expense limit 45,006 100.00 $81,457
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 23,420 46.88 +5.33
Liberal Martin MacKinnon 15,437 30.90 -8.21
Conservative Andrew House 8,992 18.00 +3.37
Green Nick Wright 1,948 3.90 -0.81
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 164 0.33
Total valid votes 49,961 100.00
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 18,341 41.55 +1.26
Liberal Sheila Fougere 17,267 39.11 +6.04
Conservative Kevin Keefe 6,457 14.63 -8.78
Green Michael Oddy 2,081 4.71 +3.28
Total valid votes 44,146 100.00
Change from 2000 is based on redistributed results. Conservative Party change is based on the combination of Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative Party totals.
Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 16,567 40.29 -8.73
Liberal Kevin Little 13,600 33.07 +11.43
Progressive Conservative Paul Fitzgibbons 7,279 17.70 -5.56
Alliance Amery Boyer 2,346 5.71 +0.27
Marijuana Mike Patriquen 627 1.52
Green Michael Oddy 587 1.43
Marxist–Leninist Kevin Dumont Corkill 113 0.27 +0.07
Total valid votes 41,119 100.00

Changes for the Canadian Alliance from 1997 are based on the results of its predecessor, the Reform Party.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 21,837 49.02 +35.68
Progressive Conservative Terry Donahoe 10,361 23.26 +2.58
Liberal Mary Clancy 9,638 21.64 -24.27
Reform Steve Greene 2,422 5.44 -9.02
Natural Law Gilles Bigras 197 0.44 -0.52
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 89 0.20 +0.02
Total valid votes 44,544 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mary Clancy 21,326 45.91 +2.91
Progressive Conservative Jim Vaughan 9,606 20.68 -17.29
Reform Steve Greene 6,717 14.46
New Democratic Lynn Jones 6,197 13.34 -4.40
National Charles Phillips 1,385 2.98
Natural Law Gilles Bigras 448 0.96
Green W. Vladimir Klonowski 314 0.68
Independent A.R. Art Canning 277 0.60
Independent Steve Rimek 99 0.21
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 84 0.18
Total valid votes 46,453 100.00

Changes for Marxist-Leninist candidate Tony Seed are based on his 1988 results, when he ran as an Independent.

Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mary Clancy 22,470 43.00 +8.64
Progressive Conservative Stewart McInnes 19,840 37.97 -6.81
New Democratic Ray Larkin 9,269 17.74 -2.71
Libertarian Howard J. MacKinnon 292 0.56
Communist Miguel Figueroa 151 0.29
Independent Tony Seed 134 0.26
Commonwealth of Canada J. Basil MacDougall 94 0.18
Total valid votes 52,250 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Stewart McInnes 18,779 44.78 +6.20
Liberal Gerald Regan 14,411 34.36 -7.27
New Democratic Tessa Hebb 8,576 20.45 +0.78
Independent Ignatius Kennedy 174 0.41
Total valid votes 41,940 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gerald Regan 16,949 41.63 +1.21
Progressive Conservative George Cooper 15,710 38.58 -1.87
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 8,009 19.67 +1.14
Marxist–Leninist Charles Spurr 48 0.12 +0.05
Total valid votes 40,716 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative George Cooper 16,570 40.45 -8.81
Liberal Brian Flemming 16,555 40.42 -0.28
New Democratic Alexa McDonough 7,590 18.53 +9.20
Independent David F. Gray 155 0.38
Communist D. Scott Milsom 64 0.16
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 27 0.07 -0.18
Total valid votes 40,961 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Robert Stanfield 14,865 49.26 -6.78
Liberal Brian Flemming 12,282 40.70 +9.39
New Democratic Alasdair M. Sinclair 2,817 9.33 -2.95
Social Credit Brian Pitcairn 140 0.46
Marxist–Leninist Tony Seed 75 0.25 -0.13
Total valid votes 30,179 100.00

Changes for Marxist-Leninist candidate Tony Seed are based on his results in 1972, when he ran unaffiliated.

Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Robert Stanfield 17,966 56.04 -4.29
Liberal Terry McGrath 10,039 31.31 -4.31
New Democratic Marty Dolin 3,936 12.28 +8.23
Independent Tony Seed 121 0.38
Total valid votes 32,062 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes %
Progressive Conservative Robert Stanfield 19,569 60.33
Liberal M. Gregory Tompkins 11,555 35.62
New Democratic Gus Wedderburn 1,314 4.05
Total valid votes 32,438 100.00

Before 1968, Halifax elected two Members of Parliament at each election.

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Progressive Conservative Robert McCleave 46,007 25.08 x
Progressive Conservative Michael Forrestall 40,983 22.34 x
Liberal John Lloyd 39,942 21.77  
Liberal Robert J. Butler 38,191 20.82  
New Democratic Jim Aitchison 8,983 4.90  
New Democratic Bruce Wallace 8,387 4.57  
Independent Ignatius Jeriome Kennedy 950 0.52  
Total valid votes 183,443 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal John Lloyd 46,274 25.29 x
Liberal Gerald Regan 45,173 24.69 x
Progressive Conservative Robert McCleave 42,548 23.25  
Progressive Conservative Finlay Macdonald 41,655 22.77  
New Democratic Allan O'Brien 3,860 2.11  
New Democratic Perry Ronayne 3,466 1.89  
Total valid votes 182,976 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Progressive Conservative Robert McCleave 42,964 23.77 x
Progressive Conservative Edmund L. Morris 41,804 23.12 x
Liberal John Lloyd 41,472 22.94  
Liberal Gerald A. Regan 40,635 22.48  
New Democratic James H. Aitchison 6,464 3.58  
New Democratic Perry Ronayne 5,653 3.13  
Social Credit Robert J. Kuglin 1,784 0.99  
Total valid votes 180,776 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Progressive Conservative Robert McCleave 53,693 30.05 x
Progressive Conservative Edmund L. Morris 53,255 29.80 x
Liberal John Horace Dickey 34,227 19.15  
Liberal Leonard Kitz 32,916 18.42  
Co-operative Commonwealth Hyacinth Lawrence MacIntosh 2,552 1.43  
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd Carman Wilson 2,048 1.15  
Total valid votes 178,691 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Progressive Conservative Robert McCleave 41,140 25.32 x
Progressive Conservative Edmund L. Morris 41,099 25.29 x
Liberal Samuel Rosborough Balcom 38,504 23.70  
Liberal John Horace Dickey 38,191 23.51  
Co-operative Commonwealth Hyacinth Lawrence MacIntosh 1,984 1.22  
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd Carman Wilson 1,562 0.96  
Total valid votes 162,480 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal John Horace Dickey 34,587 27.82 x
Liberal Samuel Rosborough Balcom 34,222 27.53 x
Progressive Conservative Edmund L. Morris 26,552 21.36  
Progressive Conservative Frederick William Bissett 24,112 19.39  
Co-operative Commonwealth Hyacinth Lawrence MacIntosh 2,731 2.20  
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd Carman Wilson 2,120 1.71  
Total valid votes 124,324 100.00
Canadian federal by-election,: 19 June 1950
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Samuel Rosborough Balcom 24,665 57.07 x
Progressive Conservative Lloyd Allen 13,696 31.69  
Co-operative Commonwealth J.W.A. Nicholson 4,861 11.25  
Total valid votes 43,222 100.00
Called upon Gordon Isnor being called to the Senate, 2 May 1950
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Gordon Benjamin Isnor 33,401 29.33 x
Liberal John Horace Dickey 31,627 27.77 x
Progressive Conservative Joseph Patrick Connolly 18,826 16.53  
Progressive Conservative Frederick William Bissett 18,223 16.00  
Co-operative Commonwealth Hyacinth Lawrence MacIntosh 6,018 5.28  
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd R. Shaw 5,777 5.07  
Total valid votes 113,872 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 14 July 1947
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal John Horace Dickey 24,469 44.99 x
Co-operative Commonwealth Hyacinth Lawrence MacIntosh 16,151 29.70  
Progressive Conservative Alex A. McDonald 13,768 25.31  
Total valid votes 54,388 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Gordon Benjamin Isnor 26,407 25.15 x
Liberal William Chisholm MacDonald 23,616 22.49 x
Progressive Conservative Henry P. MacKeen 18,182 17.31  
Progressive Conservative Gerald Dwyer 18,037 17.18  
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd R. Shaw 8,937 8.51  
Co-operative Commonwealth R. Leo Rooney 8,783 8.36  
Labor–Progressive R. Charles Murray 560 0.53  
Independent O.R. Regan 488 0.46  
Total valid votes 105,010 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal William Chisholm MacDonald 22,089 24.94 x
Liberal Gordon Benjamin Isnor 19,398 21.90 x
National Government Richard A. Donahoe 18,197 20.54  
National Government Charles B. Smith 18,114 20.45  
Independent Liberal Robert Emmett Finn 9,217 10.41  
Co-operative Commonwealth Helgi I.S. Borgford 1,561 1.76  
Total valid votes 88,576 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Gordon Benjamin Isnor 24,158 28.18 x
Liberal Robert Emmett Finn 23,312 27.19 x
Conservative Robert D. Guilford 13,624 15.89  
Conservative Louis A. Gastonguay 13,250 15.45  
Reconstruction John Furlong 6,307 7.36  
Reconstruction John Joseph Power 5,091 5.94  
Total valid votes 85,742 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative William Anderson Black 21,611 26.51 x
Conservative Felix Patrick Quinn 21,280 26.11 x
Liberal Peter R. Jack 19,439 23.85  
Liberal Edward Joseph Cragg 19,185 23.54  
Total valid votes 81,515 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative William Anderson Black 17,911 28.33 x
Conservative Felix Patrick Quinn 17,171 27.16 x
Liberal James Layton Ralston 14,139 22.36  
Liberal John Murphy 14,007 22.15  
Total valid votes 63,228 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative William Anderson Black 18,796 32.29 x
Conservative Felix Patrick Quinn 17,996 30.91 x
Liberal Gordon Ross Marshall 10,815 18.58  
Liberal Robert Emmett Finn 10,609 18.22  
Total valid votes 58,216 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 5 December 1923
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative William Anderson Black 13,365 53.90 x
Liberal George Alfred Redmond 11,433 46.10  
Total valid votes 24,798 100.00
Called upon Alexander Maclean's acceptance of an office of emolument
under the Crown, 2 November 1923
Canadian federal by-election, 4 December 1922
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Robert Emmett Finn 8,668 54.61 x
Conservative John Joseph Power 4,796 30.21  
Labour James Joseph O'Connell 2,409 15.18  
Total valid votes 15,873 100.00
Called upon Edward Blackadder's death, 22 October 1922
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Edward Blackadder 16,157 26.70 x
Liberal Alexander Kenneth Maclean 15,892 26.27 x
Conservative Hector McInnes 11,016 18.21  
Conservative James Wilfred Doyle 9,537 15.76  
Labour Arthur Charles Hawkins 4,141 6.84  
Labour Joseph Sylvester Wallace 3,763 6.22  
Total valid votes 60,506 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Government (Unionist) Alexander Kenneth Maclean acclaimed n/a x
Government (Unionist) Peter Francis Martin acclaimed n/a x
Canadian federal by-election, 27 October 1911
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Robert Borden acclaimed n/a x
Called upon the appointment of Robert Borden's as President of the King's Privy Council for Canada
and his becoming Prime Minister of Canada, 10 October 1911
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Robert Borden 7,040 25.46) x
Liberal Alexander Kenneth Maclean 6,946 25.12 x
Liberal Edward Blackadder 6,879 24.88  
Conservative Adam Brown Crosby 6,787 24.54  
Total valid votes 27,652 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Robert Borden 7,386 26.80 x
Conservative Adam Brown Crosby 7,115 25.82 x
Liberal William Roche 6,635 24.08  
Liberal Michael Carney 6,423 23.31  
Total valid votes 27,559 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal William Roche 7,430 26.53 x
Liberal Michael Carney 7,277 25.98 x
Conservative Robert Borden 6,830 24.39  
Conservative John C. O'Mullin 6,472 23.11  
Total valid votes 28,009 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Robert Borden 5,705 25.67 x
Liberal William Roche 5,577 25.09 x
Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny 5,562 25.03  
Liberal William B. Wallace 5,380 24.21  
Total valid votes 22,224 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Robert Borden 6,170 26.53 x
Liberal Benjamin Russell 5,997 25.79 x
Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny 5,616 24.15  
Liberal M.E. Keefe 5,472 23.53  
Total valid votes 23,255 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 11 February 1892
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny acclaimed n/a x
Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs acclaimed n/a x
Called upon election being declared void
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny 5,274 27.69 x
Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs 5,262 27.63 x
Liberal Alfred Gilpin Jones 4,335 22.76  
Liberal Edward Farrell 4,174 21.92  
Total valid votes 19,045 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Alfred Gilpin Jones 4,243 25.53 x
Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny 4,181 25.15 x
Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs 4,099 24.66  
Liberal H.H. Fuller 4,098 24.66  
Total valid votes 16,621 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 25 July 1883
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs acclaimed x
Called upon Matthew Richey being named Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, 4 July 1883
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal–Conservative M.B. Daly 2,811 25.84 x
Liberal–Conservative Matthew Henry Richey 2,785 25.60 x
Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,720 25.00  
Liberal H.H. Fuller 2,563 23.56  
Total valid votes 10,879 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal–Conservative Matthew Henry Richey 3,532 28.13 x
Liberal–Conservative M.B. Daly 3,466 27.60 x
Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,863 22.80  
Independent Liberal Patrick Power 2,695 21.46  
Total valid votes 12,556 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 29 January 1878
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,981 51.92 x
Unknown Matthew Henry Richey 2,761 48.08  
Total valid votes 5,742 100.00
Called upon the resignation of Alfred Jones because of an
alleged breach of the Independence of Parliament Act
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Independent Liberal Patrick Power 3,186 45.52 x
Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,979 42.56 x
Unknown G. Robb 834 11.92  
Total valid votes 6,999 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal–Conservative William Johnston Almon 2,528 25.55 x
Liberal Stephen Tobin 2,486 25.12 x
Independent Liberal Patrick Power 2,452 24.78  
Independent Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,430 24.56  
Total valid votes 9,896 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Anti-Confederation Alfred Gilpin Jones 2,381 26.28 x
Anti-Confederation Patrick Power 2,367 26.13 x
Unknown John Tobin 2,158 23.82  
Unknown S.L. Shannon 2,154 23.77  
Total valid votes 9,060 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]