Halifax Minster

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Halifax Minster
Minster and Parish Church of St John the Baptist
Coordinates: 53°43′24″N 1°51′13″W / 53.72320°N 1.85371°W / 53.72320; -1.85371
Country  Great Britain
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Broad Church
Website www.halifaxminster.org.uk
History
Dedication St. John the Baptist
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I listed building
Architectural type Perpendicular Gothic
Administration
Parish Halifax
Deanery Halifax
Archdeaconry Halifax
Episcopal area Huddersfield
Diocese Leeds
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) The Revd Canon Hilary Barber
Honorary priest(s) The Revd Peter Baldwin
Chaplain(s) The Revd Canon Martin Ashworth
The Revd Canon Frank Carless
Asst Curate(s) The Revd Matthew Hunter
The Revd Jonathan Bish
Laity
Reader(s) Trish Boyd
Director of music Chris Brown
Organist(s) Philip Tordoff
Organ scholar Jonathan Clegg
Churchwarden(s) John Hardy
Sheila Stoppard
Flower guild Margaret Stears
Parish administrator Gillian Farr
Servers' guild Sheila Stoppard

Halifax Minster in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England, is dedicated to St John the Baptist; three West Yorkshire minsters are at Dewsbury (1993), Halifax (2009) and Leeds (2012).

A brief history[edit]

There has certainly been a church at Halifax for about 900 years. The Minster, formerly a Parish Church until 23 November 2009,[1][2] was completed by about 1438. It comprises a nave, chancel and full-length aisles, and is thought to be the third church on this site, but it includes stonework from earlier periods. There are a few carved chevron stones, which date from before 1150, and several 12th century tomb-covers in the porch. Windows of the Early English style in the north wall are replacements of originals dating from the 14th century. A portion of this north wall is much earlier, and may have originally been part of the Norman church; it has sometimes been claimed this was the south wall of an older church.[3]

After the completion of the present nave and chancel, several additions were made. The tower was erected between 1449 and 1482; and the Rokeby and Holdsworth Chapels - originally chantry chapels - were completed by about 1535.

Jacobean box pews are a prominent feature of the Minster, and most of those in the nave date from 1633-5. They bear some similarity to those at Bolton Percy, and the names of the carpenters involved are known. A pew in the centre aisle bears the remains of a memorial brass to John Waterhouse, who died in 1539/40. The carved arms of Richard Sunderland of High Sunderland, who died in 1634, are attached to another pew. Several ancient pew nameplates may be seen attached to a board on the inner north wall of the tower, the oldest dates to 1615 and reads “This stall made at the cost of Robert Fisher of Halifax.”

A small portion of Medieval stained-glass survives in the upper westernmost clerestory window, which was removed from other windows in the mid 19th century. The Puritans who were prominent in the town in the 17th century, thought stained glass with its ‘images’ was an abomination. During the Commonwealth (1649–1660) many plain-glass leaded windows of a unique design were installed, paid for by Mrs Dorothy Waterhouse. Many of these were later replaced by Victorian stained glass, but those that survived in 1958 were carefully rebuilt. At that date there were three of these on each side of the chancel, but now there are five on the south side and only one on the north. The large west window in the tower is a late 19th-century reconstruction of a Commonwealth window dating from 1657, but contains no original work. The great east window of the church depicts the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus, and was completed in 1854. It is the work of George Hedgeland (1825–98), who exhibited stained glass at the Great Exhibition of 1851. The remaining glass in the Parish Church dates also from the Victorian and Edwardian periods.

Features[edit]

View of the font at the rear end of the main aisle
  • The Font Cover is a fine feature surviving from the Medieval period, and is acknowledged to be one of the finest in England. The stone font bowl may also date from the fifteenth century, or earlier. Before 1879 traces of paint could be seem on both font and cover, and it was once most ornately gilded. The cover was originally intended to prevent people from stealing the baptismal water kept in the font, which was supposed to have curative powers.
  • The wooden sedilia date in the sanctuary dates from 15th century, and was restored in 1879. It contains three fine misericords, and was possibly brought here from some nearby abbey - such as Kirkstall - after Henry VIII’s dissolution of the monasteries.
  • Six other 15th century misericords - including a “green man” are located under the chancel’s return stalls; whilst not so fine as those of the sedilia, they are most interesting.
  • Very fine late 17th-century altar rails, with a fine double-spiral carving. The altar was first railed-in by 1665, but “banisters in the choir” are mentioned in 1671, and “twisted banisters” in 1698.
  • A wonderful series of painted ceiling panels - representing the heraldry of the vicars and famous families of Halifax Parish. These were originally painted by John Aked and James Hoyle, and were put in place between about 1695 and 1703, but were repainted in the 1820s, and cleaned after World War II.
  • Two Royal Coats of Arms of Queen Anne, dating from 1705. They were carved by the same John Aked, and details as to their cost survives.
  • “Old Tristram” stands watch near the entrance. A life-size figure holding the Parish Alms box, he was carved in wood by John Aked about 1701. It is believed the carving represents a real person, who is said to have begged in the church precincts. There are very few figures of this type in the whole of Britain.
  • The Bishop Ferrar Memorial dating from 1847 is a feature of the western wall of the south aisle. From Halifax Parish, Bishop Robert Ferrar of St David’s was earlier the last prior of Nostell Priory. He was burnt at the stake at Carmarthen in 1555. The sculpture is by Branwell Brontë’s great friend Joseph Bentley Leyland.
  • A painted bust of Dr. John Favour, vicar 1593-1624 is adjacent to the Ferrar Monument. He was a celebrated Physician and Lawyer too; and was the founder of Heath Grammar School, Halifax.
  • The Wellington Chapel. Halifax was the home of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, which is now the 3rd battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment. In 1951 the church’s south choir aisle was adopted by the Regiment as its chapel. Among the Regimental Colours previously displayed were those carried at Waterloo and those borne during the Crimean War and Abyssinian campaign. These Colours have now been placed in a protective stand of drawers that will remain in the church.
  • A pulpit on wheels! This was given in 1879 in memory of Archdeacon Charles Musgrave (vicar 1827-75), by members of his family.
  • The recently rediscovered tombstone of Anne Lister of Shibden Hall (1791–1840), a noted local diarist, who died in the Caucasus region of Georgia. The stone is damaged and is currently in the Rokeby Chapel.
  • On the west wall near the tower is a list of former rectors and vicars. The most famous were Hubert Walter who later became Archbishop of Canterbury, and William Rokeby who became Archbishop of Dublin.

In 1878 and 1879 a great internal restoration of the church took place, under the leadership of Vicar Francis Pigou (1875–88). This involved the removal of obtrusive galleries, and plaster from the internal walls.

A more recent reordering scheme took place in 1983, when pews at the east end of the nave were removed, and a dais installed for the nave altar. At the Millennium after an Appeal, Victorian pews were removed from the west end of the church, to provide an open and attractive reception area, with adjacent fitted kitchen.

Outside the Minster - have a look at the gargoyles. The one nearest to you to the left of the porch represents the man who played the bagpipes on the gibbet before the condemned man laid down his head for the last time. Also, have a look at the tombstone of John Logan. This is to the right as you leave the south door, at the foot of the wall beneath the westernmost window of the south aisle, and below the sundial. After reading the inscription you may well feel that it should end ... “Respect the soldier’s wives.”

Regimental Colours of the 1st Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding), in Halifax Minster

On Saturday the (31 March 2007) the stand of the 1st Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) Regulation colours, taken out of service in 2002, in Osnabrück, Germany, at the Regiments Tercentenary parade, were laid up in the Parish church. The Colour party, with 2 escorts of 40 troops, Had marched through Halifax from the Town hall, preceded by the Regimental Drums and the Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band. There was a short ceremony in the Minster grounds where the Troops were inspected by the then Mayor of Halifax, Councillor Colin Stout, and the Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire Dr Ingrid Roscoe.

The main nave in Halifax Minster

Organ[edit]

The church houses an organ, built in 1763 and installed in 1766, built by John Snetzler. The organ has been elarged several times in the 19th and 20th centuries. It was completely rebuilt in 1928 by Harrison & Harrison of Durham. Only a small amount of the Snetzler work remains in the present instrument. Simon Lindley of Leeds Parish Church describes this instrument as “the Rolls Royce of organs.”

A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.

List of organists[edit]

Date
Name
Previous / Later position
1766 William Herschel afterwards organist at Octagon Chapel, Bath
1766–1819 Thomas Stopford previously organist at Hey Chapel
1819–1834 John Houldsworth
1835–1838 Robert Sharp
1838–1862 Joseph Henry Frobisher
1862–1868 H. E. Moore
1868–1882 Dr John Varley-Roberts previously organist at St. Bartholomew's Church, Armley
1882–1883 Fred Bentley
1883–1884 T. T. Liddle
1884–1897 W. H. Garland
1897 George Milligan
1897–1911 F. de G. English
1911–1915 Joseph Soar afterwards organist of St David's Cathedral
1915–1924 F. de G. English
1924–1929 Dr Thomas E. Pearson previously organist at St. Bartholomew's Church, Armley
1929–1937 Dr Reginald Tustin Baker afterwards organist of Sheffield Cathedral
1937–1939 Kenneth F. Malcolmson afterwards organist of Newcastle Cathedral
1939–1941 Vernon Rhodes
1941–1963 Shackleton Pollard
1963–1965 Robert Smith
1965–1968 Neil Wade
1968–1970 Cyril Baker
1971–present Philip C. Tordoff

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]