Halil İnalcık (born 26 May 1916) is a leading Turkish historian of the Ottoman Empire. Between 1972 and 1993 he taught Ottoman history at the University of Chicago. Since 1994 he has been teaching at Bilkent University, where he founded the history department.
He was born in Istanbul  to a Crimean Tatar family, which left Crimea for Constantinople in 1905. His birthday is unknown but İnalcık chose 26 May 1916 for his birthday. He attended Balıkesir Teacher Training School, and then Ankara University, Faculty of Language, History and Geography, Department of History where he graduated from in 1940. He completed his PhD in 1943 in the same department. His PhD thesis was on the Bulgarian question in the late Ottoman Empire.
He entered the same school as an assistant, then he became assistant professor in 1946 and after his return from lecturing in the University of London for a while, he became a professor in the same department in 1952. He lectured in various universities in the United States as a guest professor. In 1972, he was invited totjoin the faculty of the University of Chicago, where he taught Ottoman history until 1993. In 1994, he returned to Turkey and founded the history department of Bilkent University where he is still teaching.
He has been member president of many international foundations. He is a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Department of Historical Sciences. He is also a member of the Institute of Turkish Studies.
- in English:
- "The Policy of Mehmed II toward the Greek Population of Istanbul and the Byzantine Buildings of the City" (1968)
- "Capital Formation in the Ottoman Empire" (1969), The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 29, No. 1, The Tasks of Economic History, pp. 97–140
- "Ottoman Policy and Administration in Cyprus after the Conquest" (1969)
- History of the Ottoman Empire Classical Age / 1300–1600 (1973)
- The Ottoman Empire: Conquest, Organization and Economy (1978)
- Studies in Ottoman Social and Economic History (1985)
- The Middle East and the Balkans under the Ottoman Empire: Essays on Economy and Society (1993)
- An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300–1914 (with Donald Quataert, 1994)
- From Empire to Republic: Essays on Ottoman and Turkish Social History (1995)
- Sources and Studies on the Ottoman Black Sea: The Customs Register of Caffa 1487–1490 (1996)
- Essays in Ottoman History (1998)
- in Turkish:
- Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Klasik Çağ 1300–1600 ("Classical Age of the Ottoman Empire") (2003)
His most important work was his first book, Hicrî 835 tarihli Sûret-i defter-i sancak-i Arvanid (Copy of the register for A.H. 835 for the Sanjak of Albania) which was published in Ankara in 1954 and presents one of the earliest available land register in Ottoman Empire's archives.
- The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; "Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire...".
- Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930..
- Inalcık, Halil; Çaykara, Emine (October 2005). Tarihçilerin Kutbu (2 ed.). Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları. ISBN 978-975-458-661-9.
- Bilkent University Library, HALİL İNALCIK COLLECTION
- Nejdet Gök (2001). "Introduction of the Berat in Ottoman Diplomatics,". Bulgarian Historical Review (3–4): 141–150.
- Mert, H (August 2010). "Living History Halil İnanvcik". Turkish Airlines web site. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011. "It is my most important work: Sûreti Defter-i Sancak-i Arvanid, Timar Kayıtları (The Fief Records of the Register for Arvanid Province)."
- Turksoy, HONOUR MEDAL OF TURKSOY AWARDED TO PROF. DR. HALIL INALCIK, 16 February 2012
- Official Web Page – Halil İnalcık Web Page
- Bilkent University – Halil İnalcık Collection
- Who is Who Database – Halil İnalcık
- Biyografi.net – Halil İnalcık