Halil Rifat Pasha
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Halil Rifat Pasha (Modern Turkish: Halil Rıfat Paşa) (1820[Notes 1]–9 November 1901) was an Ottoman statesman and a grand vizier for six years between 1895 till his death 1901, under the reign of Abdülhamid II.
Life and career
After his education years, he started to work as a mailing clerk in Vidin, then worked as secretary in the office of the Governor of Salonika. He advanced by degrees and was appointed to higher official positions by passage of time, including at Rustchuk. In 1882 he was appointed as mutasarrıf of Vidin, then in 1886 he was appointed as governor of Sivas, where he started a road-building programme. He was subsequently appointed governor of Aidin (1889) and later of Monastir, where he fought brigandage units which was rife in the province. He was appointed as minister of internal affairs in 1893 . Then he was appointed as grand vizier in November 1895 . The most important events in his era as grand vizier were the riots of Sason (in 1895) and in Crete (in 1897), as well as the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 which ended with Ottoman victory.
Notes and References
- According to the obituary in The Times, he was born about 1807. This would make him almost 95 years old at the time of his death, which is unlikely. Other sources give 1820.
- "Obituary - Turkish Grand Vizier" The Times (London). Monday, 11 November 1901. (36609), p. 10.
- Abdulhamid II Era
- Halil Rifat Pasha as the minister of internal affairs
- An educational website that contains information about Halil Rifat Pasha
- Halil Rifat Paşa (biography in Turkish in pdf format - abstract also in English) Sivas Cumhuriyet University
|Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
7 November 1895 – 9 November 1901
Mehmed Said Pasha