Halimione portulacoides

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"Sea purslane" redirects here. This can also refer to Shoreline Purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum).
Halimione portulacoides
Sea Purslane.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Amaranthaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Genus: Halimione
Species: H. portulacoides
Binomial name
Halimione portulacoides
(L.) Aellen

Halimione portulacoides or sea purslane (2n=36) is a small greyish-green shrub widely distributed in temperate Eurasia and parts of Africa.[1] A halophyte, it is found in salt marshes and coastal dunes, and is usually flooded at high tide.

The plant grows to 75 cm. It is evergreen, and in northern temperate climates it flowers from July to September. The flowers are monoecious and are pollinated by wind.

The edible leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked as a potherb. They are thick and succulent with a crunchy texture and a natural saltiness.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Halimione portulacoides occurs at the sea shores of western and southern Europe, and from the Mediterranean Sea to western Asia.[3]

Ireland[edit]

Copeland Islands (Co. Down).

Systematics[edit]

Botanical synonyms include Atriplex portulacoides L. and Obione portulacoides (L.) Moq. Recent phylogenetic research revealed, that Halimione is a distinct genus and can not be included in Atriplex.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atriplex portulacoides". The Plant List. 
  2. ^ Halimione portulacoides at Plants for a Future, accessed 2012-12-14
  3. ^ P. Uotila: Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen, 2011. [1], accessed 2012-12-14
  4. ^ Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias & Alexander P. Sukhorukov: Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 Photosynthesis. In: American Journal of Botany, Volume 97 (10), 2010, S. 1682. pdf