Haliotis australis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Haliotis australis
Haliotis australis 001.jpg
Drawing with two views of a shell of Haliotis australis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Family: Haliotidae
Genus: Haliotis
Species: H. australis
Binomial name
Haliotis australis
Gmelin, 1791
Synonyms[1]
  • Haliotis aleata Röding, 1798
  • Haliotis costata Swainson, 1822
  • Haliotis rugosoplicata Reeve, 1846
  • Haliotis (Padollus) australis Gmelin, 1791
  • Haliotis (Sulculus) australis Gmelin, 1791

Haliotis australis, common name the "queen paua" or austral abalone, is a species of edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.[1]

Description[edit]

The size of the shell varies between 40 mm and 100 mm. "The thin, oval shell is quite convex. The distance of the apex from margin measures one-eighth to one-ninth the length of the shell. The sculpture consists of faint spirals and a close strong radiating corrugation. The 6 to 8 perforations are circular with elevated edges. The outlines are oval. The right margin is a little straighter. The back of the shell is convex, not carinated at the row of holes. The color pattern is light yellowish-brown, red on the spire, or light green flamed with red. The surface has almost obsolete spiral cords, and regular, close, radiating folds. Between the row of holes and the columellar margin there are no radiating folds, but several (generally three) strong spiral ribs. The spire is a little elevated and contains three whorls .Inside it is corrugated like the exterior, silvery with blue, green and red reflections, the latter predominating. The columellar plate is narrow.

The corrugated exterior is quite constant and characteristic. Young specimens are more strongly ribbed spirally, and often have radiating stripes of red on a delicate green ground." [2]

Distribution[edit]

It is endemic to New Zealand.[3]

Human use[edit]

Main article: Paua

Haliotis australis (also known as 'Queenies') and other two Haliotis species are known as "paua" in New Zealand and are used as a food source.

Freshly caught Queen Paua (Abalone) from New Zealand's South Island
The interior surface of Queen Paua (Abalone) from New Zealand's South Island, immediately after being de-fleshed and having the offal boiled from them

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b WoRMS : Haliotis australis; accessed : 5 October 2010
  2. ^ H.A. Pilsbry (1890) Manual of Conchology XII; Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 1890 (described as Haliotis rugosoplicata)
  3. ^ Oliver, A.P.H. (2004). Guide to Seashells of the World. Buffalo: Firefly Books. 22.
  • Geiger D.L. & Poppe G.T. (2000). A Conchological Iconography: The family Haliotidae. Conchbooks, Hackenheim Germany. 135pp 83pls.
  • Geiger D.L. & Owen B. (2012) Abalone: Worldwide Haliotidae. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. viii + 361 pp. page(s): 72

External links[edit]