Haliotis ovina

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Haliotis ovina
Haliotis ovina 002.jpg
several views of a shell of Haliotis ovina
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Haliotoidea
Family: Haliotidae
Genus: Haliotis
Species: H. ovina
Binomial name
Haliotis ovina
Gmelin, 1791
  • Haliotis caelata Röding, 1798
  • Haliotis latilabris Philippi, 1848

Haliotis ovina, common name the sheep's ear abalone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.[1]


Subspecies of Haliotis ovina include:

  • Haliotis ovina ovina Gmelin, 1791[1]
  • Haliotis ovina volcanius Patamakanthin & Eng, 2007:[1] occurs off south-west Indonesia
  • Haliotis ovina f. patamakanthini Dekker, Regter, & Gras, 2001:[1] synonym of Haliotis ovina ovina


The size of the shell varies between 20 mm and 102 mm. "The depressed shell has a rounded-oval shape. The distance of the apex from the margin is a little less than one-fourth the length of the shell. The upper surface shows strong radiating folds. The coloration is green or reddish, radiately painted with white. The inner surface is silvery. The flat columellar plate is very wide. The shell is rounded-oval and quite flat. The whorls of the spire contain a corona of tubercles. The body whorl shows radiating folds, sometimes ending in a series of knobs around the middle of the upper surface. Some trace of fine spiral cords may usually be seen near the lip. The four or five circular perforations are tubular and elevated. The perforations are situated upon a low keel. Below this there is a depression and then another keel at the periphery, upon which there are several granose spiral cords. The color is ochraceous-pink with broad radiating patches of white, which have reddish dots scattered in them and along their edges. Sometimes a beautiful shade of green replaces the reddish. It is silvery inside, and corrugated by the folds of the outer surface. The columellar plate is flat and exceptionally broad. The cavity of the spire is large. The green variety was called Haliotis latilabris by Philippi." [2]


H. ovina is endemic to the waters of the western Pacific Ocean[3] and Thailand[4] and from Malaysia to Fiji, Tonga, southern Japan and Australia (Queensland, Western Australia).


  1. ^ a b c d e Haliotis ovina Gmelin, 1791.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 9 April 2010.
  2. ^ H.A. Pilsbry (1890) Manual of Conchology XII; Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 1890
  3. ^ Oliver, A.P.H. (2004). Guide to Seashells of the World. Buffalo: Firefly Books. 18.
  4. ^ Singhakaew S., Seehabutr V., Kruatrachue M., Sretarugsa P. & Romratanapun S. (2003). "Ultrastructure of male germ cells in the testes of abalone, Haliotis ovina Gmelin". Molluscan Research 23(2): 109-121. doi:10.1071/MR02016, PDF.
  • Gmelin J.F. 1791. Caroli a Linné. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Lipsiae : Georg. Emanuel. Beer Vermes. Vol. 1(Part 6) pp. 3021–3910.
  • Röding, P.F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Hamburg : Trappii 199 pp
  • Philippi, R.A. 1848. Testaceorum novorum centuria. Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 5: 13-16
  • Springsteen, F.J. & Leobrera, F.M. 1986. Shells of the Philippines. Manila : Carfel Seashell Museum 377 pp., 100 pls.
  • Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp.
  • Geiger D.L. & Poppe G.T. (2000). A Conchological Iconography: The family Haliotidae. Conchbooks, Hackenheim Germany. 135pp 83pls.
  • Geiger, D.L. 2000 [1999]. Distribution and biogeography of the recent Haliotidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) world-wide. Bollettino Malacologico 35(5-12): 57-120
  • Hylleberg, J & Kilburn, R.N. 2003. Marine Molluscs of Vietnam: Annotaions, voucher material , and species in need of verification. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 28: 1-299
  • Degnan, S.D., Imron, Geiger, D.L. & Degnan, B.M. 2006. Evolution in temperate and tropical seas: disparate patterns in southern hemisphere abalone (Mollusca: Vetigastropoda: Haliotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 249-256
  • Geiger D.L. & Owen B. (2012) Abalone: Worldwide Haliotidae. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. viii + 361 pp.

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