Halit Refiğ

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Halit Refiğ (March 5, 1934, İzmir – October 11, 2009, İstanbul) was a Turkish film director, film producer, screenwriter and writer. He made around sixty films, including feature films, documentaries and TV serials. He is considered to be the pioneer of the National Cinema movement and the initiator of the production of TV serials in Turkey.[1][2][3]

Biography[edit]

Halit Refiğ graduated from Şişli Terakki High School in 1951 and studied engineering at Robert College in Istanbul.

Refiğ directed his first films in 8mm while he served as a military reserve officer in Korea, Japan and Ceylon. He wrote articles on cinema at newspapers in 1956 and published the Sinema Dergisi magazine together with Nijat Özön. He began his career as Atıf Yılmaz's assistant in 1957 together with Yılmaz Güney. He worked as scriptwriter for Atıf Yılmaz and Memduh Ün. His directorial debut was Forbidden Love (Yasak Aşk) (1961). His 1962 film Stranger in the City was entered into the 3rd Moscow International Film Festival.[4]

In the 1970s, with the decline in Turkish cinema, he started to work extensively for TV. In 1974, he contributed as an instructor to the first cinema education programs initiated by the Istanbul State Fine Arts Academy (the Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts of today) where he started to work as lecturer in 1975.[1][5][6] In 1975, he directed the TV series Aşk-ı Memnu (Forbidden Love) which was aired on the Turkish Radio Television, TRT. This TV serial is considered to be the first miniseries on Turkish television stations.[1][2] In 1978, he wrote a script for a documentary about the life of Mimar Sinan on commission from the Mimar Sinan University.[7] The project was not completed but the script was published.

In 1999, on commission from the then Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit, he began developing a feature film project titled Devlet Ana (Mother State), to be released on the 700th anniversary of the establishment of the Ottoman Empire. The project was going to be conducted in collaboration with the Mimar Sinan University (MSU). In 2001, Refiğ stated that he will not collaborate with MSU and thus the project was not realized.[2]

Censorship[edit]

Refiğ's 1979-81 adaptation of Kemal Tahir's novel, Yorgun Savaşçı, for TRT, where he served as an advisor, was banned from broadcast by TRT on accounts of incorporating scenes which were anti-Atatürk, anti-Turkish Independence War, and pro-Çerkes Ethem. A commission of seven people comprising three colonels, a representative of the Ministry of Interior, a representative of the press office of the Prime Minister, two TRT representatives, and Turgut Özakman, the director of the Turkish State Theatres, representing the Ministry of Culture, was formed on order from President Kenan Evren and Prime Minister Bülent Ulusu and the prints were burnt in 1983 by TRT director Macit Akman, at the furnaces of the Turkish General Staff printhouse under the supervision of the said commission. This censorship caused public controversy. A surviving copy surfaced in 1993 and the 8-episode miniseries was broadcast in its entirety on TRT.[1][2][8]

Academic life[edit]

He lectured at the University of Wisconsin in 1976, where he directed The Intercessors, and at Denison University in Ohio in 1984, where he shot In the Wilderness with his students. He was given the title of "Honorary Professor" by Marmara University in 1997.[5]

Death[edit]

He suffered from cholangiocarcinoma and died on October 11, 2009 in Istanbul, aged 75. He was interred in the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery two days later, following the funeral service held at Teşvikiye Mosque.[9]

Filmography[edit]

  • Seviştiğimiz Günler 1961
  • Yasak Aşk 1961
  • Şehirdeki Yabancı 1962
  • Gençlik Hülyaları 1962
  • Şafak Bekçileri 1963
  • Gurbet Kuşları 1964
  • Şehrazat 1964
  • Evcilik Oyunu 1964
  • İstanbul'un Kızları 1964
  • Canım Sana Feda 1965
  • Güneşe Giden Yol 1965
  • Haremde Dört Kadın (Film) 1965
  • Kırık Hayatlar 1965
  • Aslan Pençesi 1966
  • Erkek Ve Dişi 1966
  • Üç Korkusuz Arkadaş 1966
  • Karakolda Ayna Var 1966
  • Can Yoldaşları 1966
  • Kız Kolunda Damga Var 1967
  • Bir Türk'e Gönül Verdim 1969
  • Yaşamak Ne Güzel Şey 1969
  • Atsız Cengaver 1970
  • Sevmek Ve Ölmek Zamanı 1971
  • Ali Cengiz Oyunu 1971
  • Çöl Kartalı 1972
  • Acı Zafer 1972
  • Aşk Fırtınası 1972
  • Fatma Bacı 1972
  • Kızın Varsa Derdin Var 1973
  • Cennetin Kapısı 1973
  • Sultan Gelin 1973
  • Vurun Kahpeye 1973
  • Yedi Evlat İki Damat 1973
  • Aşk-ı Memnu 1975
  • Arabulucular / The Intercessors 1977
  • Yaşam Kavgası 1978
  • Yorgun Savaşçı 1979
  • Leyla İle Mecnun 1982
  • O Kadın 1982
  • Beyaz Ölüm 1983
  • İhtiras Fırtınası 1983
  • Alev Alev 1984
  • Ölüm Yolu 1985
  • Paramparça 1985
  • Son Darbe (2) 1985
  • Kıskıvrak 1986
  • Teyzem 1986
  • Yarın Ağlayacağım 1986
  • Kızımın Kanı 1987
  • Kurtar Beni 1987
  • Kızım Ve Ben 1988
  • Hanım 1988
  • Karılar Koğuşu 1989
  • İki Yabancı 1990
  • Zirvedekiler 1993
  • Köpekler Adası 1996
  • Affet Bizi Hocam 1998
  • Kerem 1999
  • Affet Beni Hocam 2000
  • Zeynep Öğretmen 2000
  • Gelinlik Kız 2000
  • Sara ile Musa 2000
  • Midasın Düşü 2000
  • Gençlik 2000

Producer[edit]

  • Yaşamak Hakkımdır 1958
  • İstanbul'un Kızları 1964
  • Canım Sana Feda 1965
  • İki Yabancı 1990

Screenwriter[edit]

  • Yaşamak Hakkımdır 1958
  • Ala Geyik 1959
  • Karacaoğlan'ın Kara Sevdası 1959
  • Suçlu 1960
  • Mahallenin Sevgilisi 1960
  • Ölüm Peşimizde 1960
  • Kırık Çanaklar 1960
  • Avare Mustafa 1961
  • Seviştiğimiz Günler 1961
  • Yasak Aşk 1961
  • Güneş Doğmasın 1961
  • Şafak Bekçileri 1963
  • Yavaş Gel Güzelim 1963
  • İstanbul'un Kızları 1964
  • Şehrazat 1964
  • Gurbet Kuşları 1964
  • Güneşe Giden Yol 1965
  • Kırık Hayatlar 1965
  • Haremde Dört Kadın 1965
  • Yasak Sokaklar 1965
  • Karakolda Ayna Var 1966
  • Aslan Pençesi 1966
  • Can Yoldaşları 1966
  • Üç Korkusuz Arkadaş 1966
  • Erkek Ve Dişi 1966
  • Kanlı Hayat 1967
  • Kız Kolunda Damga Var 1967
  • Aslan Yürekli Kabadayı 1967
  • Yaprak Dökümü 1967
  • Son Gece 1967
  • Bir Türk'e Gönül Verdim 1969
  • Yaşamak Ne Güzel Şey 1969
  • Atsız Cengaver 1970
  • Ali Cengiz Oyunu 1971
  • Acı Zafer 1972
  • Aşk Fırtınası 1972
  • Çöl Kartalı 1972
  • Sultan Gelin 1973
  • Aşk-ı Memnu 1975
  • Yaşam Kavgası 1978
  • Son Darbe (2) 1985
  • Kurtar Beni 1987
  • Arkadaşım Şeytan 1988
  • Hanım 1988
  • Karılar Koğuşu 1989
  • İki Yabancı 1990
  • Köpekler Adası 1996
  • Kerem 1999
  • Cumbadan Rumbaya 2005

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Evren, Burçak (2009). Altın Koza 40. Yıl Onur Ödülleri Kataloğu. Adana: Altın Koza Yayınları. pp. 306–16. ISBN 978-605-60-4114-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Aşk-ı Memnu değil Kaynanalar". Milliyet (in Turkish). October 19, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Director Halit Refiğ passes away". trtenglish.com. October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  4. ^ "3rd Moscow International Film Festival (1963)". MIFF. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Prominent Turkish director Halit Refiğ dies at 75". Hurriyet Daily News. October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Film director, lecturer Halit Refiğ laid to rest". Hurriyet Daily News. October 13, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  7. ^ <http://www.sinanasaygi.org/etkinlik.asp?action=detay&haberID=85 Yarım Kalmış bir Film Tasarısı: "Koca Sinan">
  8. ^ Güney Elbir, Nurbanu (October 15, 2009). "'Komisyonda olmam büyük talihsizlikti'". Akşam (in Turkish). Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ Çıtak Koygun, Pınar (2009-10-13). "Halit Refiğ'in eşinden son veda". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2009-10-13. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Published screenplays[edit]

  • Refiğ, Halit. (2009). Puşkin Erzurumda. Dergah Yayınları, Sinema İletişim Dizisi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-995-176-4
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2009). Koca Sinan. Dergah Yayınları, Sinema İletişim Dizisi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-995-175-7
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2009). Şeytan Aldatması. Alfa Basım Yayım Dağıtım, Senaryo Dizisi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-605-106-114-6
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2009). Gazi ile Latife: Mustafa Kemal'in Yaşamından Bir Kesit. Alfa Basım Yayım Dağıtım, Senaryo Dizisi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-605-106-032-3
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2006). Aşk ve Ölüm Senaryoları. Doğan Kitapçılık, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-293-450-4

Non-fiction (memoirs, essays)[edit]

  • Refiğ, Halit; eds. Gültekin, D. Ali; Zileli, Irmak. (2009). Doğruyu Aradım Güzeli Sevdim. Bizim Kitaplar Yayınevi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-9944-1-5966-1
  • Refiğ, Halit; ed. Gültekin, D. Ali. (2007). Tek Umut Türkiye. Bizim Kitaplar Yayınevi, İstanbul. ISBN 978-9944-1-5916-6
  • Refiğ, Halit & Hristidis, Şengün Kılıç. (2007). Sinemada Ulusal Tavır. Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, İstanbul. ISBN 978-9944-88-064-0
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2002). Doğu Batı ve Türkiye 10 Yılda Nereden Başladık? Nereye Geldik?. Ufuk Kitapları, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-6571-18-7
  • Refiğ, Halit. (2000). Gerçeğin Değişkenliği Kemal Tahir. Ufuk Kitapları, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-6714-04-1

Further reading[edit]

  • Maraşlı, Gülşah Nezaket. (2007). Bir Halit Refiğ Filmi. Elips Kitap, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-8971-00-8
  • Adiloğlu, Fatoş. (2006). Sinemada Mimari Açılımlar: Halit Refiğ Filmleri. Es Yayınları, İstanbul. ISBN 978-975-8716-40-1
  • Türk, İbrahim. (2001). Halit Refiğ Düşlerden Düşüncelere Söyleşiler. Kabalcı Yayınları, İstanbul. ISBN 975-8240-41-2
Awards
Preceded by
established
Golden Orange Award for Best Director
1964
for Gurbet Kuşları
Succeeded by
Atıf Yılmaz
Preceded by
Ömer Kavur
Golden Orange Award for Best Director
1989
for Hanım
Succeeded by
Halit Refiğ
Preceded by
Halit Refiğ
Golden Orange Award for Best Director
1990
for Karılar Koğuşu
Succeeded by
Yavuz Özkan