|Role||Patrol Flying Boat|
|Manufacturer||Hall Aluminum Aircraft Corporation|
|Primary users||United States Coast Guard
United States Navy
|Developed from||Naval Aircraft Factory PN|
The Hall PH was an American flying boat of the 1930s. It was a twin-engined biplane, developed from the Naval Aircraft Factory PN and could hence trace its lineage back to the Felixstowe flying boats of World War I. The PH was purchased in small numbers by the United States Navy and the United States Coast Guard. It remained in service with the Coast Guard until 1944, being used for anti-submarine and search and rescue duties.
Development and design
In December 1927, the U.S. Navy placed a contract with the Hall Aluminum Aircraft Corporation of Bristol, Pennsylvania for a developed version of the Naval Aircraft Factory PN-11, which itself could trace a development history back to the Felixstowe F.5 flying boat of World War I. The resultant prototype, the XPH-1, first flew in December 1929.
The XPH-1 had identical wings and a similar metal hull to that of the PN-11, but was fitted with a large single fin and rudder. It was powered by two Wright Cyclone radial engines and accommodated its two pilots side by side in an open cockpit, with cockpits for gunners in the nose and behind the wings.
In 1930 the Navy ordered nine aircraft, designated the PH-1, which were fitted with more powerful engines and a partly enclosed cockpit for the pilots. The Coast Guard later ordered seven PH-2 aircraft, similar to the PH-1 but with armament removed, and seven PH-3 units with armament reinstated and a fully enclosed cockpit for the pilots.
Delivery of the PH-1 commenced in October 1931, equipping VP-8 from 1932, operating from the seaplane tender Wright and from bases at Pearl Harbor, Midway Atoll, and the Panama Canal Zone. It was replaced by the Consolidated PBY-1 Catalina in 1937.
Production of the PH recommenced in June 1936 to meet an order for seven PH-2s for the Coast Guard. These entered service from 1938, being the largest aircraft operated by the Coast Guard at that time. In 1939 the Coast Guard ordered an additional seven PH-3 aircraft; they entered service in 1941.
The Hall flying boats were used by the Coast Guard for search and rescue duties and were fitted with specialized equipment for this role. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States entry into World War II, the remaining PHs were painted in U.S Navy Grey Green colors to replace the previous bare metal finish, armed, and used for anti-submarine patrols (particularly during the Operation Drumbeat U-boat attacks off the East coast of the United States in 1942) as well as continuing search and rescue operations. The Coast Guard continued operating the PH-2 and -3 until 1944.
- Prototype. Two 537 hp (401 kW) Wright R-1750 engines. One built.
- Production version for U.S. Navy. Partly enclosed cockpit for pilots. Two 620 hp (463 kW) Wright R-1820-86 engines in short-chord Townend ring cowlings. Nine built.
- Version for U.S Coast Guard. Two 750 hp (560 kW) Wright R-1820F-51 engines. Armament omitted. Seven built.
- Improved version for Coast Guard. Long Chord NACA cowlings. Revised enclosed canopy for pilots. Seven built.
Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 
- Crew: six
- Length: 51 ft 0 in (15.54 m)
- Wingspan: 72 ft 10 in (22.20 m)
- Height: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
- Wing area: 1,710 ft² (158.9 m²)
- Empty weight: 9,614 lb (4,370 kg)
- Loaded weight: 16,152 lb (7,342 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-1820F-51 Cyclone 9 cylinder air cooled radial engine, 750 hp (560 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 138 knots (159 mph, 256 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 118 knots (136 mph, 219 km/h)
- Range: 1,687 nm (1,937 mi, 3,119 km)
- Service ceiling: 21,350 ft (9,700 m)
- Wing loading: 9.45 lb/ft² (46.2 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.093 hp/lb (0.15 kW/kg)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- List of aircraft of World War II
- List of military aircraft of the United States (naval)
- List of seaplanes and flying boats
- Hall PH US Coast Guard. Retrieved 13 March 2008
- Donald 1995, p. 186
- Green 1962, p. 175
- Roberts 2000, p. 677
- Roberts 2000, p. 116
- Donald 1995, p. 187
- Donald, David (ed.).American Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace, 1995. ISBN 1-874023-72-7
- Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War: Volume Five: Flying Boats. London: Macdonald, 1962. ISBN 356 01449 5
- Roberts, Michael D. Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons: Volume 2: The History of VP, VPB, VP(HL) and VP(AM) Squadrons. Washington DC: Naval Historical Center, 2000
- Swanborough, Gordon and Bowers, Peter M. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London: Putnam, Second edition 1976. ISBN 0-370-10054-9
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