Hallam, Pennsylvania

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Hallam, Pennsylvania
Borough
Haines Shoe House
Haines Shoe House
Hallam, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Hallam, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°00′14″N 76°36′16″W / 40.00389°N 76.60444°W / 40.00389; -76.60444Coordinates: 40°00′14″N 76°36′16″W / 40.00389°N 76.60444°W / 40.00389; -76.60444
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County York
Settled 1770
Incorporated 1902
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)
Elevation 341 ft (104 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,673
 • Density 3,800/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 17406
Area code(s) 717

Hallam /ˈhɛləm/ HEL-əm is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,673 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Before 1736, all parts of Pennsylvania west of the Susquehanna River, including present-day Hallam Borough and the surrounding Hellam Township, were land of the Iroquois.

In October 1736, the Proprietors of Pennsylvania received from the Five Nations deeds for the Susquehanna lands south of the Blue Mountains, including the borough and township.

From 1736 to 1739, the area was under the authority of Hempfield Township in Lancaster County east of the Susquehanna. In 1739, the Provincial Assembly passed a special act to empower Lancaster County to establish townships west of the river. Hellam Township was created and included most of what is now York, Adams and Cumberland counties. Hellam Township was named after Hallamshire, the township in England where Samuel Blunston, the magistrate of Lancaster County, was born.

When Hallam Borough was incorporated in 1902, the town's name was spelled Hallam, the same as the English township.

The Martin Schultz House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993.[2]

Geography[edit]

Map of Hallam

Hallam is located at 40°0′14″N 76°36′16″W / 40.00389°N 76.60444°W / 40.00389; -76.60444 (40.003897, -76.604528).[3] It is a suburb of York, Pennsylvania and is part of the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as the York-Hanover-Gettysburg Combined Statistical Area.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.[3]

Hallam is located within the Kreutz Creek watershed.[5]

Climate[edit]

Hallam lies on the cusp of a humid subtropical climate zone and experiences four discernible seasons. It receives an average of 43 inches (1,100 mm) of precipitation each year, with the wettest season being June. In January 1994, Hallam experienced its lowest recorded temperature at -21°F, while the hottest temperature on record was 105°F in July 1936.[6]

Climate data for Hallam, PA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
43
(6)
53
(12)
65
(18)
75
(24)
83
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
67
(19)
54
(12)
43
(6)
64.3
(17.9)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
54
(12)
42
(6)
34
(1)
26
(−3)
41.8
(5.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.44
(87.4)
2.77
(70.4)
3.65
(92.7)
3.52
(89.4)
4.26
(108.2)
4.31
(109.5)
3.75
(95.3)
3.33
(84.6)
4.1
(104)
3.16
(80.3)
3.47
(88.1)
3.24
(82.3)
43
(1,092.2)
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 472
1920 492 4.2%
1930 771 56.7%
1940 799 3.6%
1950 976 22.2%
1960 1,234 26.4%
1970 1,825 47.9%
1980 1,428 −21.8%
1990 1,375 −3.7%
2000 1,532 11.4%
2010 2,673 74.5%
Est. 2012 2,662 −0.4%
Sources:[7][8][9]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,532 people, 667 households, and 450 families residing in the borough.[10] The population density was 2,182.5 people per square mile (845.0/km²). There were 713 housing units at an average density of 1,015.7 per square mile (393.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.21% White, 1.31% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.85% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population.[10]

There were 667 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.76.[10]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.[10]

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,235, and the median income for a family was $47,552. Males had a median income of $34,773 versus $24,716 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,868. About 5.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[10]

Education[edit]

The Hallam Borough is served by the Eastern York School District. Students in Hallam go to Kreutz Creek Elementary School if they are in grades K-5, Eastern York Middle School in 6-8, and Eastern York High School in 9-12. Students may also attend one of the Commonwealth's cyber charter schools at no additional cost to the family or student. The local school district pays the state set tuition fee to the cyber charter school that the student chooses to attend. By state law, charter school students have access to all extracurriculars and sports programs at the local public school district. Alternatively, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania permits parents to home school their children or they may attend a private school.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Hallam borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ a b "Pennsylvania Place and County Subdivision". 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  4. ^ "York-Hanover-Gettysburg Combined Statistical Area 2003" (PDF). 2002 Economic Census. United States Census Bureau. 2002. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  5. ^ "Act 167 Stormwater Management Plans Map" (PDF). Planning Commission. County of York. Retrieved 2009-07-16. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Weather Averages for York, PA". Weather.com. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Hallam, Pennsylvania Fact Sheet". 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  11. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Charter Schools, 2013
  • Kreutz Creek Valley Preservation Society, "An Early History of Hellam Township"

External links[edit]