Ham-class minesweeper

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Class overview
Operators:  Royal Navy
 Royal Australian Navy
 French Navy
 Ghana Navy
 Libyan Navy
 Indian Navy
 Royal Malaysian Navy
 Royal Saudi Navy
Built: 1954–1959
Completed: 93
General characteristics
Type: Minesweeper
Displacement: 120 long tons (122 t) standard
164 long tons (167 t) full load
Length: 100 ft (30 m) p/p
106 ft 6 in (32.46 m) o/a, except third sub-group 107 ft 6 in (32.77 m)
Beam: 26-group: 21 ft 4 in (6.50 m)
27-group: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Draught: 26-group: 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m)
27-group: 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Propulsion: 2 shaft Paxman 12YHAXM diesels
1,100 bhp (820 kW)
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Range: 15 tons diesel fuel, ?
Complement: 2 officers, 13 ratings
Armament: 1 × Bofors 40 mm gun or Oerlikon 20 mm cannon

The Ham class was a class of inshore minesweepers (IMS), known as the Type 1, of the British Royal Navy. The class was designed to operate in the shallow water of rivers and estuaries. All of the ships in the class are named for British place names that end with -"ham". The parent firm that was responsible for supervising construction was Samuel White of Cowes, Isle of Wight.

Unlike traditional minesweepers, they were not equipped for sweeping moored or magnetic mines. Their work was to locate individual mines and neutralise them. This was a then new role, and the class was configured for working in the shallow water of rivers, estuaries and shipping channels.

The class consisted of 93 ships, launched between 1954 and 1959. HMS Inglesham was the first. They were built in three slightly different sub-groups, the first sub-group, the 26-group, is distinguished by pennant numbers 26xx, and the second and third sub-groups, the 27-group, are distinguished by pennant numbers 27xx. The 26-group was of wood and non-ferrous metal composite construction and the 27-group was of all-wood construction. The third sub-group is distinguished by a prominent rubbing strake around the hull and slightly larger dimensions.

The vessels displaced 164 tons fully laden and were armed with one 40 mm Bofors or 20 mm Oerlikon gun. They were 32.5 metres (107 ft) long overall with a 6.4-metre (21 ft) beam. The construction was of wood to minimise magnetic signature. The crew complement was 15, rising to 22 in wartime.

The engines of this class were Paxman diesels, some of which were built under licence by Ruston and Hornsby of Lincoln. Each vessel had: two 12YHAXM (intercooled) for main propulsion, rated at 550 bhp (410 kW) at 1,000 rpm, plus one 12YHAZ for pulse generation. Maximum speed was 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) dropping to 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) when mine sweeping.

The class shared the same basic hull as the Ley-class minehunter and the Echo-class inshore survey craft.

Ships[edit]

References[edit]

  • Warships of the Royal Navy, Captain John. E. Moore RN, Jane's Publishing, 1979