Hambantota District

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This article is about the district in Sri Lanka. For the town, see Hambantota.
District
District
Map of Sri Lanka with Hambantota District highlighted
Map of Sri Lanka with Hambantota District highlighted
Coordinates: 6°15′N 81°10′E / 6.250°N 81.167°E / 6.250; 81.167Coordinates: 6°15′N 81°10′E / 6.250°N 81.167°E / 6.250; 81.167
Country  Sri Lanka
Province Southern Province
Largest Town Hambantota
Divisions
Government
 • District Secretary R.M.D.B. Meegasmulla
 • Local
Area
 • Total 2,609 km2 (1,007 sq mi)
 • Land 2,496 km2 (964 sq mi)
 • Water 113 km2 (44 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 526,414
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code LK-33
Website ds.gov.lk/dist_hambantota

Hambantota District (Tamil: அம்பாந்தோட்டை மாவட்டம் Ampāntōṭṭai māvaṭṭam; Sinhala: හම්බන්තොට දිස්ත්‍රික්කය hambantoṭa distrikkaya) is located on the southeastern coast of Sri Lanka, in the Southern Province. It has an area of 2,593 km² and a very dry climate. The district capital is Hambantota town; the administrative headquarters are there as well as the center of salt production. Other prominent towns include Tangalle, Ambalantota, Tissamaharama, and Beliatta.

Before modern development took place after the country gained independence in 1948, the agriculture in the district was characterised by swidden cultivation (chena or slash and burn) and, to some extent, paddy cultivation on non-irrigated land. In the highlands, kurakkan — a grain used to make an eatable paste — was cultivated with other grains such as corn. Leonard Woolf's Village in the Jungle provides a highly interesting and insightful account of the people, the land and issues of concern during the British Colonial period as he worked as an assistant government agent for Hambantota.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups
Sinhalese 510,965 (97.07%)
Sri Lankan Tamil 1,869 (0.36%)
Sri Lankan Moor 5,646 (1.07%)
Indian Tamil 424 (0.08%)
Burgher 88 (0.02%)
Sri Lankan Malay 7,255 (1.38%)
Other 167 (0.03%)
Religions
Buddhism 509,987 (96.88%)
Hinduism 1,369 (0.26%)
Islam 13,076 (2.48%)
Roman Catholic 924 (0.18%)
Other Christian 949 (0.18%)
Other 109 (0.02%)

Hambantota District has a population of 525,370 of whom 96% are considered rural residents. Some 13.4% of the labor force of 244,847 is unemployed — in comparison to the national average of 8.3%. Of those employed, 42.2% are in the agricultural sector, 23.3% in industry with the remaining 34.5% working in the services sector.[1]

Big Towns[edit]

Other Towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source: Department of Census & Statistics - Sri Lanka

External links[edit]