Wandsbek (quarter)

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Wandsbek may also refer to the borough of Hamburg, Germany.
Wandsbek
Quarter of Hamburg
Bus station Wandsbek market place
Bus station Wandsbek market place
Wandsbek  is located in Germany
Wandsbek
Wandsbek
Coordinates: 53°34′0″N 10°5′0″E / 53.56667°N 10.08333°E / 53.56667; 10.08333Coordinates: 53°34′0″N 10°5′0″E / 53.56667°N 10.08333°E / 53.56667; 10.08333
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Wandsbek
Founded 13th century
Area
 • Total 6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population (1.1.2006)
 • Total 32,350
 • Density 5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

Wandsbek is an urban quarter in the Wandsbek borough of Hamburg, Germany, and the former city Wandsbek in the Duchy of Holstein. In 2006 the population was 32,350.

History[edit]

Wandsbek was once part of the county Stormarn. Its villages were first mentioned in the middle of the 13th century. The name Wandsbek, Wandsbeck or (older) Wantesbeke derives from old Low Saxon ("Low German") for "border river" and the river Wandse was a natural territorial border.

An old Danish phrase for stating that something is a fraud / unreliable is to claim that "det gælder ad Wandsbek[/Vandsbæk] til" (i.e. "this is valid in Wandsbeck."). Wandsbek was one of the three locations in the Danish monarchy where the first lottery drew its numbers, and this expression dates from the early years of this lottery's life where a number of people tried to claim prizes in Copenhagen with tickets from Wandsbeck. Since each of the three towns drew its own set of numbers, a ticket from one town was worthless in the two others.[1]

Until 1864 Wandsbek was a part of the Duchy of Holstein and under the rule of the King of Denmark. Afterwards, it became part of the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein.

In 1937 the still Prussian city of Wandsbek joined the city of Hamburg through the Greater Hamburg Act.

Geography[edit]

The quarter Wandsbek has an area of 6 km². The western border is to the quarter Dulsberg in the borough Hamburg-Nord. The northern border to Bramfeld is the small river Osterbek. In the east are the quarters Farmsen-Berne and Tonndorf. The southern border to the quarter Marienthal is mostly the railway tracks of the city train.

Demographics[edit]

In 2006, 32,350 people were living in the quarter Wandsbek. The population density was 5,397 people per km². 11.7% were children under the age of 18, and 21.9% were 65 years of age or older. 14.5% were immigrants. 1,754 people were registered as unemployed.[2] In 1999 there were 19,083 households out of which 14.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 54.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.72.[3]

In 2006 there were 5,306 criminal offences in quarter (164 crimes per 1000 people).[4]

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), in the quarter Wandsbek were 11,771 private cars registered (365 cars/1000 people).[5]

There were 5 elementary schools and 3 secondary schools in the quarter Wandsbek.[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

Health systems[edit]

Founded 1937 as a military hospital for German Wehrmacht, the military hospital of the Bundeswehr (Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Hamburg) with 305 beds in 13 departments is a general hospital and teaching hospital for the University of Hamburg. The hospital has the capacity to dispatch emergency medical services. An emergency ambulance with a physician and a rescue helicopter are stationed at the hospital.[6] It is located at Lesserstr. 180.[7]

Some 52 physicians in private practice and 9 pharmacies were counted in 2006.[5]

Wandsbek in literature[edit]

From 1771 to 1775, the German poet Matthias Claudius edited the highly reputed literary journal Wandsbecker Bote in Wandsbek.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon, 2nd ed., vol. XXIV, entry: "Wandsbeck" (1928). Copenhagen: J. H. Schultz. p. 516.  (Danish)
  2. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  4. ^ State Investigation Bureaux (Landeskriminalamt), source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ a b c Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  6. ^ Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Hamburg website (Retrieved on May 14, 2008)
  7. ^ List of hospitals in Hamburg, side 9

References[edit]

External links[edit]