||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013)|
|Succeeded by:||Brandenburg-class frigate|
|Class & type:||Type 101A|
|Length:||133.7 m (438 ft 8 in)|
|Beam:||13.4 m (44 ft 0 in)|
|Draft:||4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)|
|Propulsion:||4 × Wahodag boilers, 2 steam turbines, 72,000 shp|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)
37 knots (69 km/h) only D182
|Range:||3,400 nautical miles (6,300 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)|
|3 × HSA fire-control radars
|Armament:||3 × DCN 100 mm/L55 guns
4 × twin 40 mm/L70 guns, Breda Mod 64
2 × twin MM38 Exocet launcher
2 × Bofors quadruple 375 mm anti-submarine rocket launchers
2 × depth charge ramps, 10 depth charges
4 × 533 mm torpedo tubes
up to 90 naval mines Mk 17
2 × 20 barreled chaff
The Type 101 Hamburg class was the only class of destroyers built in post-war Germany. They were specifically designed to operate in the Baltic Sea, where armament and speed are more important than seaworthiness. They were named after the "Bundesländer" (federated states) of West Germany.
The German shipyard Stülcken was contracted to design and build the ships. Stülcken was rather inexperienced with naval shipbuilding, but got the order, since the shipyards traditionally building warships for the German navies like Blohm + Voss, Howaldtswerke or Lürssen were all occupied constructing commercial vessels (no naval ship had been built in Germany since World War II).
Originally they had only barreled weapons, but from 1976 to 1978 they were upgraded with guided missiles to increase their effectiveness against modern surface warships and were redesignated Type 101A. One 100 mm gun was replaced by two Exocet missile launchers, the Bofors were replaced by Breda 40 mm, and the torpedo tubes were removed. Modifications were also made to the operations center, radar and bridge.
The design of the Hamburg class has been criticized for many of the same failures of the Kriegsmarine destroyers: too top-heavy and bad sea-keeping capabilities. This is in part due to the low freeboard on the hull. They were eventually replaced in the 1990s by the Brandenburg class frigates.
- Hamburg (D181)
- Call-sign: DRAA. Laid down, 29 January 1959. Launched 26 March 1960. Commissioned 23 March 1964. Decommissioned 24 February 1994. Scrapped in Spain.
- Schleswig-Holstein (D182)
- Call-sign: DRAB. Laid down, 20 August 1959. Launched 20 August 1960. Commissioned 12 October 1964. Decommissioned 15 December 1994. Scrapped in Belgium.
- Bayern (D183)
- Call-sign: DRAC. Laid down, 15 February 1961. Launched 14 August 1962. Commissioned 6 July 1965. Decommissioned 16 December 1993. Scrapped in Denmark.
- Hessen (D184)
- Call-sign: DRAD. Laid down, 5 February 1961. Launched 4 May 1963. Commissioned 8 October 1968. Decommissioned 29 March 1990. Scrapped in Portugal.
- They were nicknamed Hochhäuser (tower blocks) in the German Navy because of their unusually high superstructures.
- Zerstörer Hamburg Klasse - Die Marine (official Homepage of the German Navy) - in German
- Hamburg Klasse - in German
- Zerstörer Hamburg - in German
- Zerstörer Hamburg - in German
- Zerstöer Schleswig-Holstein - in German
- Zerstörer Bayern - in German
- Happy-Hessen - in German
- Zerstörer Hessen - in German
- Type 101 Hamburg @ GlobalSecurity.org