Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport logo.svg
RK 1009 9838 Lokstedt Flughafen.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for Germanwings
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
EDDH is located in Hamburg
Location of Hamburg Airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 14,760,280
Passenger change 13–14 Increase9.3%
Aircraft movements 153,879
Movements change 13–14 Increase7.0%
Sources: Airport's website [1]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, TUIfly and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 14,760,280 passengers and 153,879 aircraft movements in 2014.[4]


Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[5]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[5]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[5]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[5]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[5]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[5] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[5]


Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jet-ways.

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery.


Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Germanwings and Lufthansa including its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrival level.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Countries served by flights from Hamburg Airport as of December 2014

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[6]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 1
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Munich, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Tenerife-South, Vienna
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Samos, Thessaloniki
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Lituanica Vilnius (begins 30 April 2015) 1
Air Malta Malta 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
Atlasjet Seasonal charter: Antalya[7] 1
Austrian Airlines Vienna (resumes 1 April 2015) 2
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (ends 31 March 2015) 2
BMI Regional Bristol 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
London-City[8] 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santa Cruz de la Palma
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
Czech Airlines Gothenburg-Landvetter,[9] Prague 1
easyJet[10] Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Bologna, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Kraków, Lanzarote (ends 5 May 2015),[11] London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Alicante, Catania, Heraklion (begins 27 June 2015),[12] Ibiza (begins 27 June 2015),[13] Split, Thessaloniki (begins 29 June 2015)[12]
easyJet Switzerland[10] Basel/Mulhouse 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Germania Beirut (begins 1 July 2015),[14] Marrakesh, Mashhad[15]
Seasonal: Funchal, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Paphos, Rhodes, Santorini (begins 17 June 2015),[16] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion,[17] Zakynthos (begins 18 June 2015)[16]
Germanwings Ankara, Barcelona, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Klagenfurt, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Stuttgart, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bastia, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir (begins 5 May 2015),[18] Naples, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo, Zagreb (begins 22 July 2015)[19]
operated by Eurowings
Amsterdam, Birmingham, Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Geneva, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Manchester, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Stockholm-Arlanda, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Bari,[20] Pula, Verona, Zadar
Iberia Madrid[21] 2
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík 2
InterSky Friedrichshafen, Memmingen
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South 1
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba,[22] Enfidha 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[23] 1
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Mannheim[24] 1
Ryanair Lisbon, Porto 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Blue1
Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Sky Work Airlines Bern 2
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Bodrum,[25] Dalaman[26]
Charter: Marrakesh[27]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Basel/Mulhouse (ends 31 May 2015) 2
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
TUIfly Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote
Seasonal: Antalya, Boa Vista, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tenerife-South
operated by Thomson Airways[28]
Seasonal: Cancun, Punta Cana 1
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha 2
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis[29] 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri
United Airlines Newark 1
VLM Airlines[30] Antwerp (begins 20 April 2015), Rotterdam (begins 13 April 2015), Southampton (begins 23 April 2015)[31] 1
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga 1


Passengers and movements[edit]

Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
Passengers Movements
2000 9,949,269 164,932
2001 Decrease 9,490,432
2002 Decrease 8,946,505
2003 Increase 9,529,924
2004 Increase 9,893,700
2005 Increase 10,676,016
2006 Increase 11,954,117
2007 Increase 12,780,631
2008 Increase 12,838,350
2009 Decrease 12,229,319
2010 Increase 12,962,429 157,180
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879
Sources: ADV,[32] Hamburg Airport[33]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from Hamburg (2009)[34]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Zürich, Switzerland 605,246 Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Swiss
2 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 561,349 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly
3 London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 547,723 British Airways, Lufthansa
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2009)[34]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Munich, Germany 1,628,459 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
2 Frankfurt, Germany 1,202,861 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Stuttgart, Germany 776,721 Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine

Ground transportation[edit]


Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.


By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.


The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel, Neumünster and Lübeck.


  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[35]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". 
  3. ^ "Latest news – easyJet plc". 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  5. ^ a b c d e f g
  6. ^
  7. ^,-178,266
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b "easyJet adds 20 new routes for summer 2015". Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "Easyjet regains growth path in Spain". 17 December 2014. 
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Germania to Start Iran Service from late-Feb 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Germania Planned New S15 Routes as of 19NOV14". Airline Route. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Germania Adds New Routes to Tel Aviv from March 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^,-178,218
  23. ^ "Pegasus Airlines to Launch Istanbul – Hamburg Operation from July 2014". Routesonline. 
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Flüge online buchen". 
  26. ^ "Flüge online buchen". 
  27. ^
  28. ^ "Vollcharter – TUI mit Langstrecken ab Hamburg". 
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^
  34. ^ a b Zahlen, Daten, Fakten 2009, Hamburg Airport
  35. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons