Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport logo.svg
HH-Airport Terminal2 03.jpg
IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%), AviAlliance (49%)
Operator FHG Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Map
EDDH is located in Hamburg
EDDH
EDDH
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 13,502,939
Passenger change 12–13 Decrease1.4%
Aircraft movements 143,802
Movements change 12–13 Decrease5.9%
Sources: Airport's website [1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 13,559,370 passengers and 158,076 aircraft movements in 2011.[3] Hamburg Airport serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, TUIfly, Hamburg Airways and easyJet.[4]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin. When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system of Hamburg (S-Bahn).

The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg (51%) and Hochtief AirPort (49%).

Facilities[edit]

View of the apron
Airside area

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft). The airport is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the centre of the city of Hamburg in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. Hamburg airport has 17 jet-ways and 54 apron positions.

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery.

Terminals[edit]

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Terminals 1 and 2 have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrival level.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 was completed in 1993. It houses Lufthansa and other Star Alliance partners, including Condor and Germanwings.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens[5]
Seasonal: Heraklion[5]
1
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Alicante, Arrecife, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Málaga, Munich, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Tenerife-South, Vienna
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Samos, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo
1
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Toulouse 1
Air Malta Malta 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
Atlasjet Seasonal charter: Antalya[6] 1
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 2
BMI Regional Bristol 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Condor Antalya, Arrecife, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santa Cruz de la Palma
Charter: Adana
2
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
Czech Airlines Gothenburg-Landvetter (begins 15 September 2014),[7] Prague 1
easyJet Amsterdam (begins 3 November 2014),[8] Athens, Basel/Mulhouse,[9] Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura (begins 5 November 2014),[10] Geneva (begins 4 November 2014),[11] Kraków (begins 4 November 2014),[12] London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg (begins 3 November 2014),[13] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 3 November 2014),[14] Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Catania, Ibiza, Kalamata, Split
1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
Finnair
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki 1
Flybe Birmingham (begins 27 October 2014), Southampton (begins 26 October 2014)[15] 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Germania Seasonal: Fuerteventura,[16] Funchal,[17] Marrakesh (begins 4 November 2014), Rhodes, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 2 March 2015)[18]
Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Tenerife-South
1
Germanwings Ankara, Barcelona, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf,[19] Klagenfurt, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Stuttgart, Vienna, Zurich
Seasonal: Bastia, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Naples, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal charter: Corfu, Kos[20]
2
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Amsterdam, Birmingham, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden,[21] Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden (begins 1 September 2014),[22] Geneva, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Manchester, Memmingen,[23] Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Stockholm-Arlanda, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo, Zagreb
Seasonal: Pula, Verona, Zadar
2
Hamburg Airways Charter: Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife-South 1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík 2
InterSky Friedrichshafen
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton[24]
1
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2
Meridiana Seasonal: Olbia 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South 1
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba,[25] Enfidha 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[26] 1
Ryanair Lisbon (begins 26 October 2014),[27] Porto (begins 28 October 2014)[27] TBA
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 26 October 2014), Stockholm-Arlanda[28] 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Blue1
Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Cimber
Copenhagen 2
Sky Work Airlines Bern 2
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Bodrum,[29] Dalaman[30]
1
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich 2
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Basel/Mulhouse 2
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
TUIfly Arrecife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria
Seasonal: Antalya, Boa Vista, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tenerife-South
1
TUIfly
operated by Arkefly
Seasonal: Barbados, Cancun, La Romana, Punta Cana[31] 1
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha 2
Tunisair
operated by Tunisair Express
Seasonal: Tunis[32] 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri
1
United Airlines Newark 1
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga 1

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and movements[edit]

A Germanwings Airbus A319-100 at Hamburg Airport
A Air Berlin Boeing 737-700 and Bombardier Q400 at Hamburg Airport
A Condor Boeing 757-300 at Hamburg Airport
Number of passengers Flight movements
2000 9,949,269 164,932
2001 Decrease 9,490,432
2002 Decrease 8,946,505
2003 Increase 9,529,924
2004 Increase 9,893,700
2005 Increase 10,676,016
2006 Increase 11,954,117
2007 Increase 12,780,631
2008 Increase 12,838,350
2009 Decrease 12,229,319
2010 Increase 12,962,429 157,180
2011 Increase 13,558,261 158,076
2012 Increase 13,697,402 152,890
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 143,802
Source: ADV,[33] Hamburg Airport[34]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from Hamburg (2009)[35]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Zürich, Switzerland 605,246 Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines
2 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 561,349 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly
3 London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 547,723 British Airways, Lufthansa
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2009)[35]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Munich, Germany 1,628,459 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
2 Frankfurt, Germany 1,202,861 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Stuttgart, Germany 776,721 Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car[edit]

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus[edit]

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel, Neumünster and Lübeck.

Trivia[edit]

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. 
  3. ^ (English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  4. ^ "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Flight timetables search". Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.airport.de/resources/downloads/Final_Screen.pdf#page=19&zoom=auto,-178,266
  7. ^ http://www.airliners.de/czech-airlines-fliegt-zwischen-hamburg-und-goeteborg/33202
  8. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/hamburg/amsterdam
  9. ^ http://www.airport.de/resources/downloads/Final_Screen.pdf#page=21&zoom=auto,-178,98
  10. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/fuerteventura
  11. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/genf
  12. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/krakau
  13. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/salzburg
  14. ^ http://www.ias.co.il/siteFiles/13/132/18568.asp
  15. ^ http://www.traveldailynews.com/news/article/60886/flybe-announces-new-route-for
  16. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Press releases – Hamburg Airport | Flughafen Hamburg". Airport.de. 
  17. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/en/
  18. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/en/
  19. ^ https://www.lufthansa.com/mediapool/jpg/03/media_1336754003.jpg?WT.mc_id=NLemail_lhcom_DE_de_KW48&no-mobile-redirect=Y&WT.mc_id=DE_de_NLemail
  20. ^ "Route News". HAMinfo Terminal. 
  21. ^ "Germanwings greift InterSky an – Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. 18 December 2013. 
  22. ^ http://airport.de/de/6370_6829.html
  23. ^ "Germanwings startet ab Memmingen – Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. 
  24. ^ "InterSky to operate Switzerland/Germany-Hungary charters". ch-aviation.com. 
  25. ^ http://www.airport.de/resources/downloads/Final_Screen.pdf#page=24&zoom=auto,-178,218
  26. ^ "Pegasus Airlines to Launch Istanbul – Hamburg Operation from July 2014". Routesonline. 
  27. ^ a b http://www.aero.de/news-19967/Ryanair-Hamburg-statt-Luebeck.html
  28. ^ "SAS Scandinavian will Stockholm – Hamburg wieder anbieten". airliners.de. 
  29. ^ "Flüge online buchen". sunexpress.com. 
  30. ^ "Flüge online buchen". sunexpress.com. 
  31. ^ "Vollcharter – TUI mit Langstrecken ab Hamburg". airliners.de. 
  32. ^ http://www.tunisair.com/site/publish/content/news.asp?id_news=254
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ http://www.airport.de/de/u_daten_verkehrszahlen.html
  35. ^ a b Zahlen, Daten, Fakten 2009, Hamburg Airport
  36. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons