|IATA: HAM – ICAO: EDDH|
|Owner||City of Hamburg (51%)
|Operator||Flughafen Hamburg GmbH|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||53 ft / 16 m|
Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, TUIfly and easyJet. Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 14,760,280 passengers and 153,879 aircraft movements in 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Terminals
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Ground transportation
- 7 Trivia
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.
During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.
When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.
In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.
Development since the 1990s
In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area. The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.
Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jet-ways.
The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery.
Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner.
The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.
Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.
Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrival level.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:
Passengers and movements
|Sources: ADV, Hamburg Airport|
|1||Zürich, Switzerland||605,246||Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Swiss|
|2||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||561,349||Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly|
|3||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||547,723||British Airways, Lufthansa|
|1||Munich, Germany||1,628,459||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|2||Frankfurt, Germany||1,202,861||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|3||Stuttgart, Germany||776,721||Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine|
The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.
By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.
- Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.
- Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de.
- "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
- "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013.
- (English) Traffic Figures – Official website
- "easyJet adds 20 new routes for summer 2015". Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Easyjet regains growth path in Spain". 02b.com. 17 December 2014.
- "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- "Germania to Start Iran Service from late-Feb 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Germania Planned New S15 Routes as of 19NOV14". Airline Route. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Germania Adds New Routes to Tel Aviv from March 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Pegasus Airlines to Launch Istanbul – Hamburg Operation from July 2014". Routesonline.
- "Flüge online buchen". sunexpress.com.
- "Vollcharter – TUI mit Langstrecken ab Hamburg". airliners.de.
- Zahlen, Daten, Fakten 2009, Hamburg Airport
- "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for EDDH at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for HAM at Aviation Safety Network