Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport logo.svg
HH-Airport Terminal2 03.jpg
IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator FHG Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for Germanwings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website ham.airport.de
Map
EDDH is located in Hamburg
EDDH
EDDH
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 13,559,370
Passenger change 10-11 Increase4.6%
Aircraft Movements 158.076
Movements change 10-11 Decrease0.05%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[2]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 13,559,370 passengers and 158,076 aircraft movements in 2011.[4] Hamburg Airport serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, TUIfly and easyJet.[1]

History[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft. During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin. When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area. The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system of Hamburg (S-Bahn).

The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg (51%) and Hochtief AirPort (49%).

Facilities[edit]

Schematic overview of Hamburg Airport

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft). The airport is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[3] of the centre of the city of Hamburg in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. Hamburg airport has 17 jet-ways and 54 apron positions.

Runways, taxiways and aprons are able to handle the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are being painted and interior fitted.

Terminals[edit]

View of the apron
Departure gate area

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Terminals 1 and 2 have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg airport offers 14 baggage claim belts on the arrival level.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 was completed in 1993. It houses Lufthansa and other Star Alliance partners, including Condor and Germanwings.

Airport Plaza[edit]

The Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Lufthansa Boeing 737-500 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Emirates Boeing 777-300ER taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Air Berlin Boeing 737-700 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
KLM Cityhopper Embraer 190 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Lufthansa Regional Bombardier CRJ700 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Scandinavian Airlines Airbus A321-200 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Condor Boeing 757-300 taxiing at Hamburg Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens (begins 27 May 2014)[5]
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 29 May 2014)[5]
1
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Alicante, Arrecife, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Málaga, Munich, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Tenerife-South, Vienna
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo
1
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Toulouse 1
Air Malta Malta 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 2
BMI Regional Bristol 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Condor Arrecife, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santa Cruz de la Palma
2
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
Czech Airlines Prague 1
Dalmatian Zagreb (begins 2 June 2014)[6] TBA
easyJet Athens, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ibiza (begins 24 June 2014), Kalamata (begins 23 June 2014), Split (begins 24 June 2014)
1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Germania Seasonal: Marrakesh (begins 4 November 2014), Rhodes
Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South (begins 2 May 2014)
1
Germanwings Amsterdam, Ankara, Barcelona, Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf (begins 27 April 2014),[7] Geneva, Klagenfurt, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Nuremberg, Olbia, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zagreb (resumes 10 July 2014), Zurich
Seasonal: Bastia, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Naples, Pula (begins 10 July 2014), Reykjavik-Keflavík (begins 5 June 2014), Rijeka (begins 27 April 2014), Split, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Zadar (begins 10 July 2014)
Seasonal charter: Corfu, Kos, Venice-Marco Polo[8]
2
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Amsterdam, Bergen, Birmingham, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden,[9] London-Heathrow, Manchester, Memmingen,[10] Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Hamburg Airways Charter: Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife-South 1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík 2
InterSky Friedrichshafen
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton[11]
1
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Düsseldorf (ends 26 April 2014),[7] Frankfurt, Munich 2
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2
Meridiana Seasonal: Olbia 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid (begins 4 June 2014), Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South 1
Nouvelair Charter: Enfidha 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen (begins 1 July 2014)[12] TBA
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda (resumes 22 April 2014)[13] 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Blue1
Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda (resumes 22 April 2014) 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Cimber
Copenhagen 2
Sky Work Airlines Bern 2
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich 2
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Basel/Mulhouse 2
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
TUIfly Arrecife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria
Seasonal: Antalya, Boa Vista, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Malta, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tenerife-South
1
TUIfly
operated by Arkefly
Seasonal: Barbados, Cancun, La Romana, Punta Cana[14] 1
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri
1
United Airlines Newark 1
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga 1

Statistics[edit]

Busiest International Routes from Hamburg (2009)[15]
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland 605,246 Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines
2 Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain 561,349 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly
3 United Kingdom London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 547,723 British Airways, Lufthansa
Busiest Domestic Routes from Hamburg (2009)[15]
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Germany Munich, Germany 1,628,459 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
2 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 1,202,861 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Germany Stuttgart, Germany 776,721 Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car[edit]

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus[edit]

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel, Neumünster and Lübeck.

Trivia[edit]

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons