|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|IATA: HAM – ICAO: EDDH|
|Operator||FHG Flughafen Hamburg GmbH|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||53 ft / 16 m|
|Passenger change 10-11||4.6%|
|Movements change 10-11||0.05%|
|Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV
German AIP at EUROCONTROL
Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 13,559,370 passengers and 158,076 aircraft movements in 2011. Hamburg Airport serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, TUIfly and easyJet.
The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft. During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.
During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin. When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.
In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.
In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area. The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system of Hamburg (S-Bahn).
The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg (51%) and Hochtief AirPort (49%).
Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft). The airport is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north of the centre of the city of Hamburg in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. Hamburg airport has 17 jet-ways and 54 apron positions.
Runways, taxiways and aprons are able to handle the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are being painted and interior fitted.
Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Terminals 1 and 2 have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg airport offers 14 baggage claim belts on the arrival level.
Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems.
The Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.
Airlines and destinations
|1||Zürich, Switzerland||605,246||Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines|
|2||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||561,349||Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly|
|3||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||547,723||British Airways, Lufthansa|
|1||Munich, Germany||1,628,459||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|2||Frankfurt, Germany||1,202,861||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|3||Stuttgart, Germany||776,721||Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine|
The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.
By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.
- Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.
- ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements
- EAD Basic
- (English) Traffic Figures - Official website
- "Flight timetables search". Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Zahlen, Daten, Fakten 2009, Hamburg Airport
- "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for EDDH at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for HAM at Aviation Safety Network