|United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea|
|Signed||31 March 1978|
|Location||Hamburg and New York|
|Effective||1 November 1992|
|Condition||Ratification by 20 states|
|Languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish|
|Contracts of affreightment|
|Types of charter-party|
The Hamburg Rules are a set of rules governing the international shipment of goods, resulting from the United Nations International Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea adopted in Hamburg on 31 March 1978. The Convention was an attempt to form a uniform legal base for the transportation of goods on oceangoing ships. A driving force behind the convention was the attempt of developing countries' to level the playing field. It came into force on 1 November 1992.
Relation with other conventions
Pursuant to Article 31 of the convention is Entry into force of the Rotterdam Rules coupled to denunciation of the Hamburg Rules and at the latest five years after entry into force of this convention, ratifying states should denounce the conventions governing the Hague-Visby Rules.
As of October 2014, the convention had been ratified by 34 countries:
- UNCITRAL Homepage
- Hamburg Rules
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