Hamburger Verkehrsverbund

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"HVV" redirects here. For other uses, see HVV (disambiguation).
Hamburger Verkehrsverbund
GmbH
Founded November 29, 1965
Headquarters Hamburg, Germany
Area served
Hamburg Metropolitan Region
Services Public transport
Revenue 652.2 million in 2011[1]
Owner Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (85.5%)
State of Schleswig-Holstein (3%)
State of Lower Saxony (2%)
Districts Herzogtum Lauenburg, Pinneberg, Segeberg, Stormarn, Harburg, Lüneburg and Stade (9.5%)
Website www.hvv.com

The Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV) (English: "Hamburg Transport Association") is a company coordinating public transport in and around Hamburg, Germany. Its main objectives are to provide a unified fare system, requiring only a single ticket for journeys with transfers between different operating companies, and to facilitate and speed up travel by harmonising the individual companies' schedules. At its inception in 1965, HVV was the first organisation of this kind worldwide.

In 2010 HVV provides rail, bus and ferry transportation for an area of 8,616 square kilometres with approximately 3.6 million inhabitants in the states of Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. HVV has approximately 1.95 million customers on an average working day.[2]

HVV acts is the overall coordinating body for transport in the conurbation, with representation by the Hamburger Hochbahn (Hamburg elevated railway); Deutsche Bahn (German Federal Railroads); AKN railway company (Altona—Kaltenkirchen—Neumünster Railway); HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst A. G. (HADAG sea-tourism and ferry service plc); VHH (Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein A.G./ Transporting enterprises Hamburg Holstein Ltd); PVG (Pinneberger Verkehrsgesellschaft, mbH/ Pinneberger public transport company, Ltd); and KVG (Kraftverkehrgesellschaft, GmbH/ Motor Traffic Company, LLC).

With an average of 50,000 commuters per day the Metrobus 5 bus line is the busiest in Europe. In the city centre, stops are served without a specific schedule every two to three minutes and since December 2005, extra long double-articulated buses have been used.

History[edit]

HVV was founded on November 29, 1965,[3] with the four initial partners the Hamburger Hochbahn AG, the Deutsche Bundesbahn, the HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst AG and Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein (VHH). The first results that the new organization delivered came on January 1, 1967, with a unified fare structure, pooling of receipts and coordinated systemwide timetables across all modes of transport.[3]

Organisation[edit]

The public transport authorities (PTAs) are also the tendering organizations and owners of the limited liability company Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (GmbH). The Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg (85.5%), the State of Schleswig-Holstein (3%), the State of Lower Saxony (2%) and the Districts Herzogtum Lauenburg, Pinneberg, Segeberg, Stormarn, Harburg, Lüneburg and Stade (9.5%) are these PTAs.

Services[edit]

Rail transport[edit]

Railway lines of the HVV network

In 2006 the HVV organzised 27 rapid transit rail lines with a length of 881 km,[2] with the following operators:

Buses[edit]

The following companies operate bus lines for the HVV:

XXL bus on Metrobus 5 line

Ferries[edit]

The HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst operates ferries on the Elbe river.

Other organisations[edit]

Fare[edit]

Ticket machine in Hamburg (old edition)
9 a.m. ticket valid for one person in the Greater Hamburg Area fare zone after 09:00

The unified fare system includes cash ticket sales (16%), season tickets (from 3 days to a year) (72%) and disabled passengers, combined tickets, fare evaders etc. (12%). In 2011, ticket revenue was 652.2 million Euro. Cash tickets for one ride, a day or a 3 day pass can be bought at all railway stations, ferry slots or in all buses. There are also "family tickets" (for 2 adults and 3 children) or group tickets for up to 5 adults. The HVV offers job tickets ('ProfiCard'), and semester tickets for the students of all major universities, both heavily discounted. The HVV also offers tickets over mobile phones.[4]

Most tickets are not transferable to other persons.

Special programs[edit]

The HVV offers a lot of different type of weekly or monthly special fares.[5]

School pupils, students, trainees and apprentices[edit]

For all public school pupils tickets can be bought at the company service centers. Other schools need to be registered by the HVV. The semester tuition for most universities include the ticket pass. Trainees and apprentices need be registered by the chamber of commerce to get a season ticket.

Children[edit]

All children to the age of 6 are free of charge. For older children, seasonal tickets can be chosen.

Senior citizens[edit]

Weekly or monthly tickets for anybody 63 or older are sold at service centers.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ source HVV
  2. ^ a b HVV Figures 2006, pdf (Retrieved on May 18, 2008 from the HVV website) [1] PDF
  3. ^ a b Weigelt, Horst (May 1969). "Hamburg Co-Ordinates its Transport". Modern Railways (Ian Allan Ltd.) XXV (248): pp 250–256. 
  4. ^ HVV website information German version. Retrieved on May 27, 2008
  5. ^ HVV website information English version. Retrieved on May 27, 2008

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg S-Bahn at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Hamburg U-Bahn at Wikimedia Commons