|Founded||November 29, 1965|
|Hamburg Metropolitan Region|
|Revenue||€ 652.2 million in 2011|
|Owner||Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (85.5%)
State of Schleswig-Holstein (3%)
State of Lower Saxony (2%)
Districts Herzogtum Lauenburg, Pinneberg, Segeberg, Stormarn, Harburg, Lüneburg and Stade (9.5%)
The Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV) (English: "Hamburg Transport Association") is a company coordinating public transport in and around Hamburg, Germany. Its main objectives are to provide a unified fare system, requiring only a single ticket for journeys with transfers between different operating companies, and to facilitate and speed up travel by harmonising the individual companies' schedules. At its inception in 1965, HVV was the first organisation of this kind worldwide.
In 2010 HVV provides rail, bus and ferry transportation for an area of 8,616 square kilometres with approximately 3.6 million inhabitants in the states of Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. HVV has approximately 1.95 million customers on an average working day.
HVV acts is the overall coordinating body for transport in the conurbation, with representation by the Hamburger Hochbahn (Hamburg elevated railway); Deutsche Bahn (German Federal Railroads); AKN railway company (Altona—Kaltenkirchen—Neumünster Railway); HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst A. G. (HADAG sea-tourism and ferry service plc); VHH (Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein A.G./ Transporting enterprises Hamburg Holstein Ltd); PVG (Pinneberger Verkehrsgesellschaft, mbH/ Pinneberger public transport company, Ltd); and KVG (Kraftverkehrgesellschaft, GmbH/ Motor Traffic Company, LLC).
With an average of 50,000 commuters per day the Metrobus 5 bus line is the busiest in Europe. In the city centre, stops are served without a specific schedule every two to three minutes and since December 2005, extra long double-articulated buses have been used.
HVV was founded on November 29, 1965, with the four initial partners the Hamburger Hochbahn AG, the Deutsche Bundesbahn, the HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst AG and Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein (VHH). The first results that the new organization delivered came on January 1, 1967, with a unified fare structure, pooling of receipts and coordinated systemwide timetables across all modes of transport.
The public transport authorities (PTAs) are also the tendering organizations and owners of the limited liability company Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (GmbH). The Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg (85.5%), the State of Schleswig-Holstein (3%), the State of Lower Saxony (2%) and the Districts Herzogtum Lauenburg, Pinneberg, Segeberg, Stormarn, Harburg, Lüneburg and Stade (9.5%) are these PTAs.
In 2006 the HVV organzised 27 rapid transit rail lines with a length of 881 km, with the following operators:
- AKN Eisenbahn (AKN) website (German)
- DB Regio AG (Region Niedersachsen/Bremen), part of Deutsche Bahn group
- DB Regionalbahn Schleswig-Holstein GmbH (RBSH)
- Eisenbahnen und Verkehrsbetriebe Elbe-Weser, operating rail and bus lines
- Hamburger Hochbahn, operating the U-Bahn and many bus lines
- metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft
- NBE nordbahn Eisenbahngesellschaft mbH & Co. KG (German)
- Nord-Ostsee-Bahn GmbH (German)
- S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH (German), part of Deutsche Bahn group, operating the Hamburg S-Bahn
The following companies operate bus lines for the HVV:
- Autokraft GmbH (German)
- Becker Reisen GmbH (German), operating two lines
- Dahmetal KG (German)
- Globetrotter Reisen GmbH (German), operating two lines
- KVG Stade GmbH & Co. KG (German)
- LBB Linienbus Berkenthin GmbH, operating two lines
- Ludwigsluster Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (German)
- Mittelzentrumsholding Bad Segeberg-Wahlstedt GmbH & CO. KG, concessionaire for some lines operated by Autokraft
- Omnibusbetrieb Storjohann GmbH & Co. KG (German)
- Otto Strunk Omnibusbetrieb GmbH
- Pinneberger Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (PVG)
- RMVB Ratzeburg-Möllner Verkehrsbetriebe mbH
- Reese Reisen GmbH (German)
- Stadtverkehr Lübeck GmbH (SL)
- Stadtwerke Bad Oldesloe, Ratzeburg und Mölln (German)
- Süderelbe-Bus GmbH, operating one line
- Verkehrsbetriebe Osthannover GmbH
- Verkehrsbetriebe Buchholz i.d.N. GmbH (German)
- Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein (VHH) website
- VKP Verkehrsbetriebe Kreis Plön GmbH (German)
- VGS Verkehrsgesellschaft Südholstein mbH, operating one line
- Zerbin Busreisen GmbH, operating one line
- Stadtwerke Norderstedt (German), operating one night bus line and coordinating public transport in Norderstedt
- Verkehrsgesellschaft Norderstedt mbH (VGN), owning two lines operated by Hamburger Hochbahn AG and AKN
- KViP Kreisverkehrsgesellschaft in Pinneberg mbH (German), an organization like the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund
The unified fare system includes cash ticket sales (16%), season tickets (from 3 days to a year) (72%) and disabled passengers, combined tickets, fare evaders etc. (12%). In 2011, ticket revenue was 652.2 million Euro. Cash tickets for one ride, a day or a 3 day pass can be bought at all railway stations, ferry slots or in all buses. There are also "family tickets" (for 2 adults and 3 children) or group tickets for up to 5 adults. The HVV offers job tickets ('ProfiCard'), and semester tickets for the students of all major universities, both heavily discounted. The HVV also offers tickets over mobile phones.
Most tickets are not transferable to other persons.
The HVV offers a lot of different type of weekly or monthly special fares.
School pupils, students, trainees and apprentices
For all public school pupils tickets can be bought at the company service centers. Other schools need to be registered by the HVV. The semester tuition for most universities include the ticket pass. Trainees and apprentices need be registered by the chamber of commerce to get a season ticket.
All children to the age of 6 are free of charge. For older children, seasonal tickets can be chosen.
Weekly or monthly tickets for anybody 63 or older are sold at service centers.
- source HVV
- HVV Figures 2006, pdf (Retrieved on May 18, 2008 from the HVV website) PDF
- Weigelt, Horst (May 1969). "Hamburg Co-Ordinates its Transport". Modern Railways (Ian Allan Ltd.) XXV (248): pp 250–256.
- HVV website information German version. Retrieved on May 27, 2008
- HVV website information English version. Retrieved on May 27, 2008