Hamengkubuwono

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Hamengkubuwono
Royal Seal of the House of Hamengkubuwono
Country Indonesia
Titles Sultan of Yogyakarta
Founded 1755
Founder Raden Mas Sujana (Hamengkubuwono I)
Current head BRM Herjuno Darpito (Hamengkubuwono X)

Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia. The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X.

Honourifics[edit]

As with many significant historical and respected figures in Javanese culture, the name of a ruler is usually preceded by honorifics – in most cases the usage is of Sri Sultan before the name. In full titles the first Hamengkubuwonowas titled:

"Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I Senopati Ing Ngalaga Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah".

The Hamengkubuwono is considered by Javanese as the true claimant and heir to the throne of the Second Mataram Kingdom and the vast Majapahit Empire, hence the post-Independence special privileges of self-rule solely allotted to the Hamengkubuwana keraton (palace)- not extended to the other three princedoms and fiefdoms of the Treaty of Giyanti (1755)

Meaning[edit]

Guard of the Sultan (ca 1880)

For some Javanese, the name has been interpreted as having the following components:

  • Hamangku: pleased to serve the people
  • Hamengku: protect the people in a just way
  • Hamengkoni: ready to take responsibility of a leader
  • Buwono: the Javanese universe [1]

Such an explanation does not necessarily coincide with strict etymology of the word.

List of Sultans of Yogyakarta (1755–present)[edit]

No. Name Reign start Reign end Notes
1. Hamengkubuwono I February 13, 1755 March 24, 1792  
2. Hamengkubuwono II April 2, 1792 June 20, 1812
3. Hamengkubuwono III June 28, 1812 November 3, 1814  
4. Hamengkubuwono IV November 9, 1814 December 6, 1823 first reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V December 19, 1823 August 17, 1826 first reign
4. Hamengkubuwono IV August 17, 1826 January 2, 1828 second reign
5. Hamengkubuwono V January 17, 1828 June 5, 1855 second reign
6. Hamengkubuwono VI July 5, 1855 July 20, 1877  
7. Hamengkubuwono VII December 22, 1877 January 29, 1921  
8. Hamengkubuwono VIII February 8, 1921 October 22, 1939  
9. Hamengkubuwono IX March 18, 1940 October 2, 1988  
10. Hamengkubuwono X March 7, 1989 incumbent  

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)