Hamid al-Ahmar

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Hamid al-Ahmar
حميد الأحمر
General Secretary of the Preparatory Committee for National Dialogue
Incumbent
Assumed office
2010
Member of the House of Representatives
Incumbent
Assumed office
1993
Personal details
Born (1967-12-27) December 27, 1967 (age 46)
Sana'a, Yemen Arab Republic
Political party Al-Islah
Relations Abdullah ibn Husayn al-Ahmar (father)
Alma mater Sana'a University
Religion Zaidite

Hamid al-Ahmar (Arabic: الشيخ حميد الأحمر‎) (born 1967) is a Yemeni multimillionaire businessman and politician. He is the general secretary of the Preparatory Committee of the National Dialogue for the JMP and a member of opposition party Yemeni Congregation for Reform, commonly known as Islah.[1][2]

He is a son of Abdullah ibn Husayn al-Ahmar,[citation needed] the former head of the Hashid tribal confederacy of Islah which is now headed by Hamid's older brother Sadeq,[3] and the former Speaker of the Yemeni HR since 1993. Senior Al-ahmer has been known in Yemen as the presidents’ maker and breaker.[citation needed] His uncle, after whom he is named, was executed by the Yemeni Imam Ahmed Hameed Al-deen (1948–1962) during the Yemeni civil war of 1962-1968. "After all, the heinous murder of his ambitious uncle and grandfather led his father to mobilize the Hashid tribes, normally supporters of the Imam, to the side of the revolution when it broke out in north Yemen in 1962. The efforts of his father, family, and tribesmen eventually led to the permanent demise of the Imamate’s 11 centuries’ rule."[4]

As a youth, he spent summers in the United States, staying with a family to learn English. He earned a bachelor degree in economics with honors at Sana'a University. He went into buying, eventually owning cellular telecom Sabafon, the Islamic Bank of Saba, and at least a dozen other businesses.[4]

He has been a member of the Yemeni House of Representatives (HR) since the 1993 parliamentary elections. He has been a member of the Shoura Council of the Yemeni Congregation for Reform party which is known by its short Arabic name Islah, meaning "reform." At the beginning of 2007, he was elevated to the Higher Commission of the party, which is equivalent to a political bureau.

While not occupying any formal position within the Yemeni opposition parties coalition which is known as the Joint Meeting Parties—JMP, Hameed is widely perceived as the Yemeni opposition’s strong man. He is believed to be the engineer and the patron of the JMP and of the political, civil, and tribal opposition to the current Yemeni regime. He is credited for leading the Yemeni opposition in a presidential elections battle against Saleh in September 2006. Hameed’s success is attributed to his education, success as a businessman, and his very influential political family (Al-ahmer) of the Hashid tribal coalition which dominates Yemen’s politics since the ascension to power of the current Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh who is also from Hashid.[citation needed]

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