Hamilton City, California

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Hamilton City
census-designated place
Location in Glenn County and the state of California
Location in Glenn County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°44′34″N 122°00′49″W / 39.74278°N 122.01361°W / 39.74278; -122.01361Coordinates: 39°44′34″N 122°00′49″W / 39.74278°N 122.01361°W / 39.74278; -122.01361
Country  United States
State  California
County Glenn
Area[1]
 • Total 0.312 sq mi (0.807 km2)
 • Land 0.312 sq mi (0.807 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 151 ft (46 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,759
 • Density 5,600/sq mi (2,200/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95951
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-31890
GNIS feature ID 1658701
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hamilton City, California

Hamilton City (formerly, Hamilton)[2] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Glenn County, California, United States. The population was 1,759 at the 2010 census, down from 1,903 at the 2000 census. Hamilton City is located 9.5 miles (15 km) east of Orland,[2] and 10 miles west of Chico at an elevation of 151 feet (46 m).[3] The community is inside area code 530. The default prefix used for wired telephones in the Hamilton City area is 826. The postal ZIP Code is 95951.

Signature features[edit]

The community is located along the Sacramento River near Mile 199. Hamilton Union High School is well known locally because of its sports and agricultural program as well as being recognized as a California Distinguished School.[4] The large silos of the former Holly Sugar Plant (formerly served by California Northern Railroad) are visible from all over town. "La Palmas" (Palm Drive) is well known to locals and is 2.1 miles long.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.

History[edit]

The town began in 1905 with the founding of a large sugar beet processing plant later belonging to Holly Sugar Corporation. What is known today as the Holly Sugar Plant was built in 1906 by James Hamilton and the Alta California Sugar Beet Company. The name of the company was changed in 1908 to Sacramento Valley Sugar Company. It was sold in 1936 to Spreckels Sugar Company, which is the parent company of Holly Sugar. Spreckels was later purchased by Imperial Sugar[5] The first post office at Hamilton City opened in 1906.[2]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Hamilton City had a population of 1,759. The population density was 5,642.8 people per square mile (2,178.7/km²). The racial makeup of Hamilton City was 834 (47.4%) White, 18 (1.0%) African American, 23 (1.3%) Native American, 15 (0.9%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 804 (45.7%) from other races, and 65 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,489 persons (84.7%).

The Census reported that 1,759 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 510 households, out of which 269 (52.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 304 (59.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 79 (15.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 48 (9.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 40 (7.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 54 households (10.6%) were made up of individuals and 24 (4.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.45. There were 431 families (84.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.66.

The population was spread out with 530 people (30.1%) under the age of 18, 203 people (11.5%) aged 18 to 24, 493 people (28.0%) aged 25 to 44, 359 people (20.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 174 people (9.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.6 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.

There were 539 housing units at an average density of 1,729.1 per square mile (667.6/km²), of which 289 (56.7%) were owner-occupied, and 221 (43.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. 947 people (53.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 812 people (46.2%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,903 people, 513 households, and 431 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6,043.9 people per square mile (2,370.2/km²). There were 543 housing units at an average density of 1,724.6 per square mile (676.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 38.10% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 56.38% from other races, and 3.63% from two or more races. 80.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 513 households out of which 52.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 10.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.71 and the average family size was 4.00.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 106.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,169, and the median income for a family was $34,167. Males had a median income of $20,405 versus $14,191 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,047. About 17.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Hamilton is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen,[8] and in the 3rd Assembly District, represented by Republican Dan Logue.[9]

Federally, Hamilton is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[10]

Education[edit]

The Hamilton Union High School District and Hamilton Union Elementary School Districts unified in 2009 to become the Hamilton Unified School District. Longtime Hamilton Union High School Principal/Superintendent Ray Odom served as the first Superintendent of the new Hamilton Unified School District. Mr. Odom retired in 2011. The current high school principal is Cris Oseguera. Hamilton Unified School District includes Hamilton High School, Hamilton Elementary School, Ella Barkley High School, Hamilton Adult School, Hamilton High Community Day School, and Hamilton Elementary Community Day School.

Emergency services[edit]

Law enforcement is provided by the Glenn County Sheriff's Department.

Fire services are provided by the Hamilton City Fire Protection District which covers the town as well as the surrounding area, including a mutual aid agreement with Butte County Fire, the Capay Volunteer Fire Department and Ord Bend Volunteer Fire Department, eight miles south.

The Fire District consists of a full-time fire chief, a part-time division chief, and volunteer firefighters. Dispatch services for HCFPD are provided by the Tehama-Glenn Unit Headquarters of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection in Red Bluff.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 246. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hamilton City, California
  4. ^ http://huhsd.org/
  5. ^ http://www.withmy2hands.org/graybeards/eclectic/hollysugar/page1a.htm
  6. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ Mallozzi, Vincent M. "The American Indians of America’s Pastime", The New York Times, published June 8, 2008, accessed June 10, 2008.